Feedback notes

Q: What sort of cct is used to pulse the coil with 60Hz?

I initially used a crude mechanical "commutator" made from a small dc motor, but a solid state arrangement could / should be tried. Or, if a 60hz line supply setup were used, one could utilize the non filtered pulsing dc from that with no further frequency manipulation needed. 555 circuitry can also be employed. Motor variations are so simple I do not understand how anyone could have trouble fixing a basic 60hz supply.

Pat in the AM Egroup: I found this quick and dirty pulse generator circuit in the July 1988 electronics now magazine. I am building one to use to test the POD device. See the attached photo. Sorry about the picture quality. Also corrections were posted to the circuit in Sept. 1988 edition. The circuit is based on the TLC556

dual timer One of the timers sets the period and the other sets the pulse width. There is a better "Precision Pusle Generator" in the December 1998 edition but it is quite a bit more involved to build.

Precision Pulse generators. Note: I have not bought or used these products, these links do not constitute an endorsement, and you deal with the vendors entirely at your won risk.

'The 555 timer is one of the most remarkable integrated circuits ever developed. It comes in a single or dual package and even low power cmos versions exist - ICM7555. Common part numbers are LM555, NE555, LM556, NE556. The 555 timer consists of two voltage comparators, a bi-stable flip flop, a discharge transistor, and a resistor divider network. The 555 timer is ideal for astable free running oscillators as well as the one shot monostable mode.'

4khz works well with POD - much improved results over the basic 60hz input. Since I've given you one of the switching harmonics, you can be fairy sure that if you rig a non variable 4 khz 555 circuit, that should work quite nicely. 555 calculators are provided to determine the required part values.

Mims, Forrest M., 555 Timer IC Circuits, 3rd Ed, Engineer's Mini-Notebook, Radio Shack

Q: I used a single layer #30 around the nail core. none of the windings are bi-filar. They are series connected, unidirectional on the outerpm ring only, i.e. wind 1 layer #30 and connect the end to a 2nd 175t #30 layer at the start of that layer. (front to back from nail head)

So you will have 175t #30 on the nail, series connected to 175t around the ring pm then another 175t around that. This will give you a total series resistance of around 10 ohms. Be certain to wind all coils counterclockwise as indicated and include the insulating tape layer between each. This eliminates capacitive coupling effects. See Doug Konzen's unidirectional winding methods.

Q: How does the 175 turns relate to the POD construction? Is it just 175 turns x 1 on the inside layer? How many layers on the outside? 1 layer of #30 and 1 layer of #18 ?

core: 175t 1 layer ring: 175t 1st layer, 175t 2nd layer

Series connect all unidirectional (back to front) (or finish to start) core-ring1-ring2 as per Konzen, not Tesla (thanks for that 10 spot, Doug). Check at 10 ohms nom. POD II outer insulated steel same <40t (your option) if used, connect front to back ring2. Should then be just under 11 ohms.

Q: Also do you happen to know what happens if all of the coils are inside the ring magnet instead of one being on the outside?

No. It might work just as well - if the total resistance remains around 10 ohms. That part is important. Originally, the inner (core) coils were used as "inputs" with the outer (ring pm) coils as outputs. But that was

555 Timer ic guide

The 555 Timer - Tim Surtell

The 555 chip

Counting / timing

The 555 as table circuit in detail

Astable circuit

Analog / digital circuits

Oscillators, pulse generators

Pulse generator circuits

' one of the most popular ics of all time ' Example application 555 to power a 12v led 555 startup

Solid state Tesla Coil with 555 timer

555 calculator - Javascript applet

555 calculator (2)

555 data sheet

555 application note

abandoned and they were then all series connected which produced a much higher potential across the charge cap.

Q: What happens if the tape is too thick?

I have not tried various tape thicknesses. I imagine that capacitive coupling would be reduced but net output might also be reduced with thicker tapes.

Q: I have built a POD and I am in the process of building a circuit to test it. I noticed the addition of the steel wire winding on the POD II. It appears to be connected in series with the other coils. Can you tell me how you attached the steel wire to the copper wire?

Just wrap the end of the 2nd ring coil around the start of the steel winding - all unidirectional series ccw. The only tough part is placing shrink tubing over the bare wire, although insulated steel wire is available at some sources. Used for thermocouples and some other applications. I would avoid a stranded wire, though, not having tried it at this point. I used common 18ga. baling wire. Otherwise, just wind tape on it.

Q: Is magnet size important?

It is not irrelevant, but you must understand the reason magnets of about 3/4" size are required with the Adams motor, is because rotor magnet size approximates to pulse width. Small pulse widths are required because the negative energy impulses produced by the permanent magnets rapidly decay to zero. In the POD unit, magnet size does not determine pulse width, hence magnet size is not going to be so important. The bottom line here is use common sense. It is impossible for myself and John to try every combination of everything with everything else. In fact, such an approach would be extremely stupid and wasteful of time and energy. Rather we use our intelligence, and go after the variables that seem most interesting.

Q: I can't easily get the 1" ceramic cube magnets described, are stacked ring magnets ok? Does the end magnet diameter have to be larger than the coils or just the metal core nail?

There is no absolute proof cube magnets are needed at this time - but since there is need to alter what works, that experiment has not been performed. Recent successful replications of Tim's CD Adams motor suggest circular faced magnets can also deliver negative impulses without problem. But other device parameters seem more interesting and worthy of study at this time. However, ceramic magnets have been demonstrated to manifest negative impulses more readily than the much more powerful NIB magnet type, hence are to be preferred. allmagnetics.com offer a decent range of ceramic parts. And yes, stacked ring magnets do indeed seem to work just fine.

Q: I don't understand how this can possibly work? If the coil is disconnected from the circuit it wouldn't have any effect on power consumption and wouldn't improve COP.

The device is used to charge the storage capacitor. At that point, what to do with the charge? Do you just dump it carelessly into the load, as everyone else has tried to do? It is mindless! Instead, you allow it to trickle into the load on demand as supply fluctuates. That is how you reduce the burden on supply - even with a battery source. Battery sources also fluctuate during loading regardless of what someone may have assumed or postulated. That is also why an incandescent bulb will benefit. Of course, although any fluctuation in supply will instigate impedance/reluctance cycles in the filament, the bulb itself is not the cause, but the effect of the supply fluctuations. This in turn will trickle charge potential into the supply line, although understandably at a lesser rate than with an actively fluctuating load such as the dc motor. It's really very simple. ALL power supplies fluctuate. Even the most highly filtered and regulated ones. How does a regulated supply work? It DUMPS excess voltage/amperage to ground. In other words, they PURPOSELY waste power. The term "regulated" is therefore something of a misnomer. "Dumpulated" would be a more accurate description.

Q: Does it make more sense to use an Adams motor in an automobile (car), or a POD driven conventional DC motor?

I would say the latter. In pursuit of optimizing the over-unity effect, the final design of Adams motors is rather strange, struggles with a mechanical load, and can only be regarded as heavily compromised from a conventional point of view. In this case, I think it makes more sense to build a motor optimized as per conventional physics, and then feed it solid state POD input. POD 2 has now finally made that proposal worthwhile.

Q: Does this device have any similarity to Nikola Tesla's U.S. patent 568,176 that Bill has recently highlighted as a possible radiant energy device?

Maybe. This is something I have attempted to investigate recently. The Tesla unit relies on self oscillation within the core, as each pulse is delivered when the magnetic polarity in the core has only partially decayed from that established by the previous pulse. You therefore get a form of flux movement and 'free precharge,' to the main circuit. Hints of cold current are contained in the patent which talks of 'converting and supplying electrical energy in a form suited to the production of certain novel electrical phenomena' and more importantly 'around the break or point of interruption I place a condenser or condensers to store the energy of the discharge current, ' and a 'high electromotive force which is induced at each break of the main circuit furnishes the proper current for charging the condenser, which may therefore be small and inexpensive.' This is in line with the observed properties of the POD technology, which is also able to store large amounts of charge in capacitors much more quickly and reliably than conventional science teaches is possible. My current gut feeling is that Tesla's setup is basically the same thing, just much harder to tune. But since the Tesla patent hints that it may be possible to completely eliminate the magnets from the POD layout further decreasing costs, it is worth keeping in mind.

Alternative Energy

Alternative Energy

It seems like the efforts to find the best alternative energy sources are seriously being looked into by lots of countries including most US cities. One proof is the signing of the Kyoto Treaty. The main aim of the concerned group and individuals is to lessen the greenhouse gases and pollutants.

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  • UTE
    How to build an adams motor?
    8 years ago

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