The Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution

Contents Page

CHAPTER 1 - Introduction 3

CHAPTER 2 - Biomass fuels 9

Energy crops 9

Forestry products 21

Sawmill co-products 24

Municipal arisings 26

Conclusions 28

CHAPTER 3 - Generation using biomass fuels 30

General principles 30

Heat generation 31

Combined heat and power 33

Electricity generation 40

Environmental implications 43

CHAPTER 4 - Meeting the target 47

Economics of biomass 47

Transport 52

Energy conversion facilities 58

Land-take 60

Planning for biomass 63

Phased delivery 67

A strategic approach 68

CHAPTER 5 - Conclusions and recommendations 69

APPENDIX A - Policies to support biomass - description of current 72 schemes

APPENDIX B - Case studies 75

APPENDIX C - Scope and limitations of the special report 83

APPENDIX D - Conduct of the report 85

APPENDIX E - Members of the Commission 88

APPENDIX F - Reports by the Royal Commission on Environmental 89 Pollution

REFERENCES 90

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