Renewable energy resource assessment

It would be wise for a local government to initially establish the type and amount of energy resources currently consumed by the whole community. It should also assess the sub-set of those resources used for undertaking the specific work programme when operating the services and facilities as a local authority. Determining the energy available, the energy demand projections, the resulting emissions from energy use, the type and amount of renewable energy resources, and the energy flows and balances should be conducted by and summarised in an energy status report (as has been accomplished by Nagpur city)102. This is usually required as a first step before encouraging the increased collection and use of local renewable energy sources. Seasonal and daily variations in energy demand need to be considered when evaluating the potential for renewable energy supply. For the renewable resources whose supply varies over the short term, particularly solar, wind and wave power, storage and back-up systems also need to be evaluated if a large share of the energy mix is contemplated.

102. Examples of cities that have already implemented some of the recommendations given here are listed throughout this section. Not all of them were included as case studies in Section 8. The wide range of examples and their geographic spread g serves to confirm the important role that leading cities have already initiated.

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