I T road targets. Targets for cities aiming towards overall greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions (Hamburg, Kitakyushu), reducing GHG emissions per capita (Daegu, Yokohama), becoming carbon neutral (Austin, Vancouver), becoming fossil fuel free (Vaxjo, Stockholm), or aiming for sustainable development (Dubai, Freiburg), can result in a wide range of policy objectives, such as improved energy efficiency, fuel switching, development of CHP plants, installation of district cooling etc. Renewable energy may or may not be a significant component of these policy options, but can be specified whenever it is desired to enhance its contribution to the energy supply of the city.

I Tectoral targets. Setting a target specifically for renewable energy deployment can help focus the community on methods and technologies available for reaching the target. The target could be for a pre-determined share of renewable electricity (Adelaide, Taipei), renewable heating/cooling (Beijing, Tokyo), transport from biofuels (Betim, Stockholm) and/or for electric vehicles (Oslo) by a specified date. It could be for a specified number or share of dwellings, (Oxford) and/or commercial buildings (London), and/or government buildings (Leicester, Toronto). to incorporate some form of renewable energy installation by a specified date. Setting the appropriate size of target is imperative and should be based on an assessment of the resources, available technologies, cost evaluations, co-benefits and links to other policies.

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