China has long been a world leader in renewable energy development and utilization, especially decentralized small-scale renewable energy technologies, such as small hydropower, solar water heaters, biogas digesters, and small wind turbines. Today, China is becoming a leader in sophisticated, high-technology renewables, like PV, and is positioning itself for significant growth in other sectors, such as utility-scale wind power, biopower, and biofuels. Helping to drive this transformation is the consolidation of renewable energy policy, programs, and planning into a single organization, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the formal approval by the National People's Congress of China's first comprehensive renewable energy legislation, the Renewable Energy Law.
China recently announced an increase in their renewable energy share (including large hydro) of primary energy (excluding traditional biomass) from 7 to 15% by 2020. Realizing this target would require an estimated 130 GW of renewable energy capacity with an investment of up to US$184 billion .
China has multiple drivers for renewable energy development and utilization: energy diversification, energy security, environmental issues, and sustainable development. China also seeks to be a leading manufacturer of renewable energy technologies and actively supports domestic manufacturing.
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