In the METI renewable energy policy, new energy sources are defined and promoted—which include photovoltaic (PV) power generation, wind power generation, solar thermal energy, ocean thermal energy, waste power generation, waste thermal energy, waste fuel production, biomass power generation, biomass thermal energy, biomass fuel production, cool energy of snow and ice, clean energy vehicles, natural gas cogeneration, and fuel cells.
Both R&D and policy measures to introduce renewable energy are strongly promoted because of their effectiveness in realizing sustainable energy systems in the future. In the 2005 METI report "Prospect for Supply and Demand in 2030," national targets for introducing various new energy sources by 2010 are presented in Table 2.6.
METI's current policy for new energy can be summarized as:
a. Law concerning the development and promotion of Oil Alternative Energy (Alternative Energy Law).
b. Long-term energy supply/demand outlook.
c. Enactment of "Law Concerning Special Measures for Promotion of New Energy Use, etc., (New Energy Law)" enacted in April 1997.
d. Government support system for the domestic introduction of new energy.
• Technological development;
• Validation tests;
• Implementation promotion;
e. Promotion of international cooperation related to new energy.
TABLE 2.6 Present Status and Targets for Introduction of New Energy Sources
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