Similar to many other European countries, the energy situation in Germany is dominated by the lack of significant fossil resources, oil and gas. The exploitation of domestic mineral coal is decreasing continuously in recent decades and mines which are still in operation receive billions of Euros fiscal support in order to survive against low priced coal on the world market. In some regions in Germany, lignite is exploited, mostly used for the firing of thermal power plants. The geographic and climatic conditions in Germany for the use of renewable energy sources cannot be considered to be optimal. In comparison with other European regions, U.K., Ireland, France, and Denmark, the wind potential of
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