Additional MEG Functions

Figure 7-6 diagrammatically shows the core material inside the input coil for either open-loop operation using an external power supply or closed-loop (self-powering) operation using clamped and governed positive feedback. As can be seen, the B-field and B-field flux are confined to the core material (which is in the form of a closed transformer coil path, as shown diagrammatically in Figure 7-5). The external space surrounding the core material is filled with the uncurled A-potential, due to...

Broken Symmetry of the Dipole

To recap from Chapters 1 and 2 In 1956, Lee and Yang 187 strongly predicted broken symmetry in physics, suggesting experiments to detect it in the weak interaction. In early 1957, Wu et al. 188 experimentally demonstrated broken symmetry, thus furnishing the experimental substantiation of broken parity in the weak interaction. The emergence of broken symmetry was such a dramatic change to the view of physics, that in December of the same year, 1957, Lee and Yang were awarded the Nobel Prize....

EM Waves Imply Curved Spacetime

The oscillating energy of an electromagnetic wave is continuously changing its local spatial energy density. This is an oscillating change of spacetime curvature if one accepts general relativity (GR). Hence the EM wave in space is always moving in a locally curved spacetime else, no EM wave exists because no change in spatial energy density exists. To reject that, is to reject GR in its entirety as well as all the experiments consistent with GR. If one accepts GR, then the classical U(1) EM...

Teslas Single Wire Circuit

See Figure 4-5, which diagrammatically shows one of Tesla's developments, which used a retroreflective single wire circuit between two large separated capacitances. This was the basic approach used in his magnifying transmitter and in several other circuits. Here the dipolarity exists between two accumulators, one at each end of a long conductive path with a load in the middle. AC operation is used, by setting up oscillation end-to-end along the single wire circuit, from accumulator to...

Unaccounted Transduction Extends the Conservation of Energy

Along with the re-emission of all the previously absorbed spatial energy, all the previously absorbed time-charge of the excited electron may be reemitted with a longitudinal photon scalar photon pair (a graviton) when the time-excited state decays. In that case, no energy-charging permanent change results to the electron's original energy state. Hence no electron wiggle will be created and our normal electron wiggle detectors performing such non-transducing longitudinal EM wave interactions...

In Conclusion

In this Chapter, we have stressed what we believe to be a great new principle of giant negentropy, leading to direct and easy extraction of EM energy from the vacuum in copious quantities. That principle is that nature retains her preferred 4-symmetry of EM energy flow, while breaking 3-symmetry of EM energy flow and the symmetry of EM time-energy flow on the fourth axis. It is implemented by making a common dipole or charge. The electrical energy problem is not due to any difficulty in...

Foreword

The original purely scientific purpose of this hook was interrupted en route by two events The first was a sudden heart allack and onslaught of severe hypoxia resulting from the resurgence in Spring 2001 of a 33-year old chronic mycoplasma infection, of the modified biological warfare kind produced by a combined U.S. Canadian team, which got loose in Canada and Florida in the 1950s. I contracted this mysterious, unknown ailment in 1968 while in the U.S. Army and stationed in Quebec, Canada as...

Intense Discharges in Ionized

Intense sudden discharges in ionized gases are especially of interest due to the presence of optical frequency components and the involvement of iterative optical retroreflection etc. These processes seem to be involved in several investigations and inventions. Further, it appears that such intense discharges do produce bursts of negative EM energy as part of their overall discharge energy. In the case of plasmas, some are known to transduce an input transverse EM wave into an output...

Chungs Negative Resistor

A highly simplified diagrammatic illustration representing the Chung negative resistor is given in Figure 5-6. In a July 9, 1998 keynote address at the Fifth International Conference on Composites Engineering in Las 128 A possible exception is provided by Barrett's extensions 286a, 286b of Tesla's potential shuttling technique 124 , which can only be seen in higher group symmetry electrodynamics such as quaternions. However, as far as we know, Barrett has not applied energy shuttling techniques...

Exchange Force and Johnsons Approach

Nonlinear Sign Gate

Refer again to our discussion of conservative versus nonconservative fields, above. If one wishes to build a self-powering rotary permanent magnet motor, obviously one must evoke a condition whereby around a single full rotation of the rotor and where F is the instantaneous magnetic force between stator and rotor . For permanent magnets without any external switching, etc., that condition can only arise if an excess force is freely triggered by changes occurring freely in the magnetic materials...

Jean Louis Naudin

Jean-Louis Naudin is a tireless researcher in the fields of COP gt 1.0 systems and processes, and in the field of lifters, inertial thrusters, and possible antigravity systems. His website is a cornucopia of information, patent references, inventions, processes, and replications or replication attempts by Jean-Louis and others who regularly work on such things and communicate with him. The website is http jnaudin.free.fr . From there, one may click on the various parts of the site and on the...

Elimination of the Non Intercepted Energy Flow Component

A perplexed and concerned Lorentz 658 cut the Gordian knot and arbitrarily discarded the Heaviside nondiverged component, eliminating the quandary. Lorentz stated that the huge nondiverged component had no physical significance his phrase since it powered nothing. Of course it has no physical significance, and powers nothing, unless one intercepts it and uses it By analogy, the component of a great wind on the ocean that is outside the intercepting sails of a single sailing ship, does not...

Evoking the Initial BediniNegative Resistor Effect

Free Energy Negative Resistor

Figure 5-9 shows the first phase of Bedini's negative resistor process. Consider the battery in normal load-powering operation. From the external circuit, a very sharp leading edge rise of a pulse of electrons and potential is sent to the battery plates in back-popping or battery charging mode. The back-popping electrons drive in nearly instantly, piling up on the negative plate 148 and trying to force the heavy ions to start moving in the battery recharging direction. The pile-up that results...

The Supersystem and Remarks on Gravity Antigravity and Testing

What might appear to be empty space is, therefore, a seethingferment of virtual particles. A vacuum is not inert and featureless, but alive with throbbing energy and vitality. A 'real' particle such as an electron must always be viewed against this background of frenetic activity. When an electron moves through space, it is actually swimming in a sea ofghostparticles of all varieties - virtual leptons, quarks, and messengers, entangled in a complex melee. The presence of the electron will...

Charging and Discharging a Capacitor

In electronic circuits, we usually think of charging a capacitor with electrons, and then discharging the capacitor to emit electrons again. However, we can charge the same capacitor with Dirac sea holes, or with a combination of Dirac sea holes and electrons. Then we can switch the capacitor adroitly and force it to give us back electrons. This regauging effect can thus be used to transduce negative energy current into positive energy current. So let us examine the charging and discharging...

Electrodynamics is Still Developing

Roger Penrose, one of the leading physicists of our time, pointed out the still-developing nature of electrodynamics with respect to the developments from conventional gauge-theoretic interpretation of Maxwell's equations. Quoting Penrose 82 These facts should not, however, deter theoretical or experimental physicists from seeking alternative descriptions, unconventional formulations, surprising electromagnetic effects, or radical generalizations. The various articles in this book provide the...

Bedinis Negative Resistor Process in a Battery

5.8.5.1 Some Pertinent Lead-Acid Battery Processes A lead-acid storage battery is a highly nonlinear device. The plates may be plante, pasted, or tubular etc. They are usually highly porous and have a thin oxide layer. They may have other coatings and the electrolyte solution may include additives to enhance operation. The plates consist of a mix of crystalline materials in most cases. The plate materials include acicular needle-like crystals, particularly the negative plate. The plates usually...

The Source Charge Problem

The received interpretation of the Maxwell-Heaviside theory treats the source charge and source dipole as perpetual motion machines, freely and continuously pouring out EM energy in 3-space in all directions with no energy input. Experimentally one verifies that there is no 3-space observable energy input to the charge or dipole. In accepting that model, a scientist objecting to COP gt 1.0 EM systems has unwittingly hoisted himself upon his own perpetual motion machine petard, by already...

Waves Photons Spacetime Curvature and Observation

Spacetime ST curvature involves not only the change of spatial energy density of local spacetime but also a change of its time-energy density. That component of the total ST curvature due to time-energy density change i.e., time-polarized EM photons and waves can be far more powerful, because of the enormous energy density of the time-energy compared to the far lies dense 3-spatial energy. As previously stated, time may be regarded as having the same energy density as mass, except that the...

Death Knell of the Speed of Light Limitation

Another giant shock has emerged in astrophysics during the last few years, and it is now threatening a dramatic revision to physics. Heretofore, it has been fashionable to assume that gravity itself propagates at light speed. A great deal of very comfortable physics theory has been built around that assumption. Well, the assumption is not true. Experiments in astrophysics continue to refute it. It now is almost certain that the speed of gravity is at least 2 x 1010 c. A beautiful though...

Kawai Path Switching Motor

Japanese inventor Teruo Kawai has invented a process for adroit self-switching of the magnetic path in magnetic motors, rather than directly overpowering the magnetic field and then forcibly reversing it. The process reduces most of the back mmf in an otherwise rather conventionally switched magnetic motor, and results in producing a COP that is approximately double the stated efficiency rating of the unmodified motor. Understand, the Kawai motor always has an efficiency less than 100 , even...

Anti Stokes Emission and Similar Processes

Stokes' law states that the wavelength of the fluorescent light emitted by a phosphor or other luminescent substance is always greater than the wavelength of the radiation used to excite the fluorescence 289 . This condition was observed by Stokes in 1852 290 . From an energy viewpoint, the collecting medium collects and dissipates some of the input energy in the medium itself e.g., to accelerate moving molecules and then emits the remainder of it. The system consisting of the medium, the...

Lorentz Regauging of the Maxwell Heaviside Equations

Heaviside Energy Flow Component

The domain of Lorentz's symmetrically regauged equations is only a small subset of the domain of the Maxwell-Heaviside equations they replace. Indeed, the later Lorentz 161a, 161b symmetrical regauging discards an entire class of Maxwellian systems permitted by nature and by the Maxwell-Heaviside equations before they are symmetrically regauged. Lorentz's symmetrically regauged EM equations discard all Maxwell-Heaviside systems that are far from equilibrium in their energetic exchange with the...

The Mead Nachamkin Zero Point Energy Converter

Casimir Energy Receiver

It is well known that the vacuum interacts with electrical charges and dipoles, and also with the electrons in an atom. For example, Lamb received the 1955 Nobel Prize in physics jointly with Polykarp Kush for experiments measuring the small displacement later called the Lamb shift of 0 ne of the energy levels in atomic hydrogen 349 . Casimir 350a proved that closely separated conducting plates also alter the energy density of the vacuum, thereby becoming an energy extracting method, although...

Suppression of Free Energy Systems Has Been Common

This is only one of many cases we know of where such suppression of overunity systems and inventors has been accomplished. Others are not so benign. Marinov was killed with a longitudinal EM wave shooter in Europe, and his body was thrown off a building to make it appear a suicide. The police allowed the body to lie on the pavement for a protracted time it was emitting longitudinal EM waves from the time-charging action of the strike . When finally moved, the pavement glowed in that area that...

Summarizing Letter

Our thrust in this book is to attempt to 1 reveal some of the major flaws in electrodynamics that have prevented development and use of COP gt 1.0 electrical power systems, and 2 point the way toward the development and use of such systems. To give a general summary of the ground this book will cover, we conclude with an informal E-mail letter I sent to the recent editor of American Journal of Physics, pointing out the greater implications of his cogent observation of that dreadful diagram and...

Reinterpreting Whittakers Decomposition of the Scalar Potential

Giant Negentropy Common Dipole

As previously stated, we applied and re-interpreted Whittaker 1903 decomposition of the potential 85 between the ends of the dipole. The scalar potential is actually a harmonic set of bidirectional longitudinal EM wavepairs, where each wavepair consists of an outgoing EM longitudinal EM wave in real 3-space and an incoming EM longitudinal EM wave in the complex plane. Hence we have a new and novel EM energy flow symmetry in 4-space, where as seen by the observer the broken 3-symmetry of the...

Asymmetrical Self Regauging

Electrical Experimenter Wind Turbine

Figure 2-4 Heaviside nondiverged and Poynting diverged energy flow components. Contrast Lorentz's statement if applied to the ocean wind on a sailing ship, where the wind represents the total energy flow and the ship represents a single Maxwellian system under consideration. Figure 2-5 Lorentz in his sailing ship in an ocean wind, with no other ships around. Figure 2-5 Lorentz in his sailing ship in an ocean wind, with no other ships around. As shown in Figure 2-5, Lorentz's argument is...

Ionization Detectors Transduction and Em Lw Interferometry

Ionization processes obviously are processes where the partial transduction of LW time interaction into 3-spatial energy interaction would yield ordinary excited energy states of the affected electrons or ions. In turn, this would lead to ionization e.g., of the atoms and molecules of a gas, liquid, etc. Hence, ordinary ionization detectors such as Geiger Miiller tubes have the innate capability of detecting such transduction that generates ionization, and thereby have some capability of...

Other Research Work and Inventions

While we have given a sort of quick overview of work done in this field, there have been many other patents filed by numerous inventors and additional work done by them. This is a dynamic field and it is moving the biggest problem is that it is still sorely hampered by highly limited funding and an attitude by much of the scientific community that if it has not been invented here, it doesn't exist. In the table in Figure 8-3 below, we list some of the pertinent patent numbers for reference,...

Dark Positive Energy The Unaccounted Heaviside Component

Now we restate a deceptively hidden thing The EM field and potential are defined as the observed effect of the deviation from them by an assumed unit point charge. Then that same field and potential are assumed to be in mass-free space, before the interaction with charged matter. Hence the 88 Using the U.S. as an example, the U.S. classified community is highly compartmented, and the real organization of a given compartment often consists of laterally connected same clearance compartments in...

The Suicidal Closed Unitary Current Loop Circuit

The present Lorentz-Maxwell-Heaviside theory, by which EM circuits and electrical power systems are designed, produces only systems in net usable equilibrium with the active vacuum, specifically during the symmetrically regauging discharge of the circuit's excitation energy Figure 2-7 . Hence all present EM systems designed by that model rigorously conform to classical equilibrium thermodynamics, and exhibit a coefficient of performance COP of COP lt 1.0. Since the Maxwell-Heaviside equations...

COP and the Question of Perpetual Motion

Legitimate scientific researchers attempting to work in open EM systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium are often subjected to rather vicious ad hominem attacks, charging that they are perpetual motion machine addicts and therefore raving lunatics. This of course is not true. We are simply trying to do with Maxwell's electric fluid systems what nature already shows us can be done with material fluid systems. We are in fact seeking the equivalent of electromagnetic heat pump processes and...

Sweet Antigravity Test

See again our discussion in paragraph 8.3.7. A practical realization of antigravity was clearly shown by the Sweet antigravity test designed by the present author. See previous discussion under paragraphs 6.3.2 in Chapter 6, and see again Figures 6-5 through 6-15. In Chapter 6, the Sweet vacuum triode amplifier device shown in Figure 68 had a very large COP 1,500,000 at 500 watts output with a 33 microamp, 10 volt operator's input. It had an even greater COP when pushed to 1,000 watts output...

Grays Splitting the Positive Pole Engine

Bedini Gray Tube

One of the real pioneers in early application of causal positron energy was inventor Edwin V. Gray of Van Nuys California. In WW II Gray learned radar during his tour in the U.S. Navy, having previously attended advanced engineering school in the Army until discovered to be under age 15 and discharged. After the war, by 1958 he had learned to perform what he called splitting the positive pole, using cold electrical energy his name for negative EM energy as well as the normal positive electrical...

System Coefficient of Performance COP and System Efficiency

See again footnote 11 in Chapter 1 and Appendix A. In 1915, general relativity in fact destroyed several of the fundamental definitions axioms of classical thermodynamics. It necessitated our correction of some thermodynamical definitions open system and closed system and our more rigorous definitions of COP and efficiency advanced below. Once mass is recognized as energy and the two are just different sides of the same coin, there can be no thermodynamically closed system which passes energy...

Bedinis Skin Depth Magnetic Switching

Bedini found a most interesting variation of flux path switching he switches the direction ofjust a little fraction of the ongoing magnetic flux in a material flux path, on the skin of one side of it and with only a slight skin depth.196 Suppose a flux path material is used as the stator pole of a permanent magnet motor. A large permanent magnet is used to magnetize that short length of flux path, as shown one the left in Figure 6-31, which illustrates a concept for a magnetic motor. For...

Examples of COP Electromagnetic Systems

Toroidal Near Field

The motionless electromagnetic generator MEG 661 Figure 11-1 does catch and use some of this available free energy, as explained below. So does the familiar Bohren experiment 662a, 662b by resonating each intercepting charge so it sweeps out an increased geometrical reaction cross section in space, reaching past the usual Poynting interception cross section for a static charge and thereby absorbing additional energy from the otherwise non-intercepted Heaviside energy flow component. Every...

Using the Uncurled Apotential as a Linear Energy Current

Motionless Electromagnetic Generator

A very simple equation allows utilizing the extra nonlocalized A-potential energy, even though it has no curl and therefore no magnetic B-field. That is cA ct - E. This equation means that, if one perturbs that large field-free A-potential outside the toroid, it produces an E-field, which we have argued must now be a longitudinal EM wave due to the perturbations ifthe B-confining operation is still imposed. By oscillating the A-potential perturbations, one produces an oscillating E-field that...

Differences between Effects in COP and COP

In this chapter, we utilize the Dirac hole in a different manner from the received interpretation. The received interpretation assumes an electron hole in the vacuum, with the hole filled with a negative energy electron therapeutic science one company is already working in this area, with positive results. 248 We leave to the advanced theorists the connection between this stable equilibrium state under a change in symmetrically regauged stress, occurring as a net-force-free intensity change in...

Point Contact Transistor

Point Contact Transistor

Figure 5-8 diagrammatically shows a point-contact transistor with n-type base in a typical circuit for power gain. The point of the contact is under pressure on the material with which it is in contact. Figure 5-8 Point contacttransistor with n-type base. Figure 5-8 Point contacttransistor with n-type base. The point-contact transistor often behaved in true negative resistor fashion, outputting more energy than was input to it. Its production was always far more of an art than a science. As can...

Bedinis Transducing Negative Resistor

Bedini Variklis

Figure 5-13 gives a simplified block diagram of Bedini's transducing negative resistor process, which asymmetrically regauges negative EM energy into positive EM energy. With this process Bedini is able to intercept the Dirac sea hole current running from the output section of a COP gt 1.0 EM system to its input section, and divert the negative energy Dirac hole current to reverse charge a capacitor. The reverse charge consists of providing a hole current to the anti-negative plate of the...

Time Charging Internal Structuring Vacuum Engines and Diffusion

Photon interaction as a spatial energy collection or energy exchange process is well known in physics. However, the time-charging or time-excitation interaction between the mass and the time component carried by the photon is usually ignored. As is well known, an atomic electron that absorbs a transverse photon increases its spatial energy and changes into an excited spatial energy state. When the electron subsequently decays from that excited energy state to a lower state, the spatial energy...

Work and Energy

Doing work is defined as changing the form of energy. No energy is lost per se when work is done the energy is only changed from one form to 96 The reason is that all 3-space EM energy in the circuit or elsewhere must come from the time domain to each 3-space point and return from that point to the time domain. The scalar potential voltage actually is an ongoing process whereby, for any interacting charge, energy in the time-domain and energy in 3-space are functionally combined in that...

Eddy Current Multiplier

Eddy Currents Hard Iron

Figure 6-34 shows an example of an eddy current multiplier, adapted from Burke 455 . This is given as a somewhat unusual system which may exhibit novel effects and possibly can be adapted into a COP gt 1.0 system e.g., by using permanent magnets instead of the coils and triggering things into unbalanced condition using a rotary pulse wire generator. We simply list it here as a candidate for the experimenter. Figure 6-34 Eddy current multiplier. Figure 6-34 Eddy current multiplier. In Figure...

Morays Radiant Energy Device

Moray Patent

One of the remarkable examples of a successful C0P gt 1.0 system was the radiant energy system of Dr. T. Henry Moray of Salt Lake City, prior to World War II. Figure 5-1- shows Dr. Moray and his final 50 kW unit, powering an assembly of light bulbs 287 . The device weighed 55 pounds, used an antenna connected as a signal input from the ether, but needed no input of electrical energy by the operator in order to achieve its steady power output. As shown in Figure 5-2 and Figure 5-3, the various...

Sweet VTA for Closed Loop Self Powering Operation

Sweet Vacuum Trio Floyd

Courtesy of Walter Rosenthal, we now present a visual record of the Sweet closed-loop self-powering version of the VTA and its momentous successful acceptance test on May 1, 1990, as closely observed by Rosenthal. Figure 6-10 shows Sweet and a different version of the VTA, with the coils in a slightly different configuration and the windings altered. This is the two-magnet, 2-coil VTA that he built and tested for self-powering operation. Figure 6-11 shows the unit mounted on a special test...

Watsons Self Powering Generator

In 1984, Jim Watson demonstrated a self-powering 8-kilowatt generator at the International Tesla Conference in Colorado Springs. This generator was a modified extension of smaller motors and generators built by Bedini over a period of years. At the conference, engineers from the audience were invited to the platform to perform their own independent measurements of the unit, while it was running and powering its load. The engineers directly confirmed that the system was...

Dromgoole Effect as an Example of a Novel Magnetic Effect

An example of a novel magnetic effect is the Dromgoole effect 427 . This is an interesting phenomenon where a voltage placed on a solenoid wrapped around a longitudinally magnetized iron wire may be increased up to 300 times in magnitude by twisting the wire through 90 degrees. If a scheme can be worked out whereby this dramatic increase in voltage potentializes and moves very substantial current, then perhaps the extra output can at least momentarily produce more output energy than the work...

Aharonov Bohm Effect Geometric Phase and the Motionless Electromagnetic Generator MEG

Decision that hydrogen fuel is the future . We are at the peak of the oil age but the beginning ofthe hydrogen age. Anything else is an interim solution. The transition will be very messy, and will take many technologicalpaths but the future will be hydrogen fuel. Herman Kuipers, Royal Dutch Shell. . Vacuum energy is real the acceptance of a structured vacuum described by an O 3 gauge group leads directly to the existence ofnovel charges and currents in the vacuum. These are conserved,...

Short History of the Discarding of the Heaviside Dark Energy

3.9.1 Independent Work by Heaviside and Poynting Let us now see how the enormity of the EM energy flow from the dipolar source was treated in the early electrodynamic theory, and how it is treated in the received view today. 89 This is recognized by leading electrodynamicists, but not by most electrical engineers building power systems In the 1880s after Maxwell was already deceased, Poynting 216 and Heaviside 217 independently and rather simultaneously discovered EM energy flow through space....

Some Implications of Giant Negentropy

Giant negentropy has many envisioned impacts upon physics, such as a Allows development and use of negentropic EM circuits C0P gt 1.0 systems rather than entropic circuits. Once a broken 3-symmetry with stable 4-symmetry is established as by forming a dipole , it continues indefinitely unless deliberately destroyed. b Allows direct negentropic reordering of a practical and usable fraction of the vacuum's energy at will, at any point in the universe, easily and cheaply. c Provides for...

Experimental Path to Development of the MEG

In our experiments with the Radus effect previously discussed in Chapter 6, paragraph 6.4.5, we had already done extensive work with switching magnetic fluxes for less switching energy than can be intercepted from the switched flux. We had also experimented with various cores for transformer and coil variants, including eventually the new layered nanocrystalline cores. In our experiments, we noticed a remarkable thing. With certain modern nanocrystalline core materials, and using a permanent...

Surprising Thing About Thermodynamics and Reservoirs

Thermodynamically, it is fashionable to state that one cannot take energy from a reservoir at constant temperature. That is true for equilibrium conditions, but not for nonequilibrium conditions 408 . That is, we cannot take energy from a reservoir in equilibrium at constant temperature. We can indeed take energy from a reservoir at constant temperature but not in equilibrium. More exactly, we can take energy from a nonhomogeneous reservoir at constant temperature. We quote Hsu-Chieh Yeh 409...

Extending the Work Energy Theorem

The standard work-energy theorem in mechanics may be conventionally stated as The change in the kinetic energy ofaparticle is equal to the net work done on the particle by the netforce acting upon it. As in any model, here there are assumptions that are seldom taken into account. First, the collected collecting kinetic energy of a particle is due to its increased interaction rate with the vacuum flux, because of its acceleration through that flux.100 In mechanics the increase in flux...

Longitudinal EM Waves and Undistorted Progressive Waves

There is a revolution in electrodynamics presently underway, due to the unique characteristics of longitudinal EM waves 05 and pseudolongitudinal EM waves. A summary by Rodrigues and Lu 625 is particularly revealing. A pure longitudinal EM wave has infinite energy and infinite velocity i.e., it appears everywhere at once. Propagation through space does not apply instead, one has stumbled into that weird region where spacetime is multiply connected. In the real world, one meets imperfect...

The Quantum Potential As an Energy Amplifier

In Bohm's hidden variable theory of quantum mechanics 354 , an extra potential is added to the Schrodinger equation, and is known as a quantum potential. Figure 6-2 lists the novel characteristics of this potential, and 158 F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, Demonstration of the Lateral Casimir h'orce, Phys. Rev. Lett, in press as of the time of this writing . No point source not radiated Quantum potential between two particles Interaction does not vanish as...

Ning Li and separately E Podkletnov

Very interesting work was performed by Ning Li 532a-532d , a scientist originally with the University of Alabama in Huntsville UAH , who returned to China for a while but is now back in Huntsville. Quoting David Brown from the UAH website from 1997 In 1989, Dr. Ning Li of UAHpredicted that ifa time varying magnetic field were applied to a superconductor, chargedanddeformedlattice ions within the conductor could absorb enormous amounts ofenergy via the 223 Many times I have been asked how such...

Setting the Stage for Understanding Overunity Power Systems

Dissipative structures This leads precisely to a distinction between 'equilibrium structures' which may be understood in terms ofclassical equilibrium thermodynamics and 'dissipative structures'. The latter are formed and maintained through the exchange of energy and matter in non-equilibrium conditions. I. Prigogine 236 Internal brackets added for clarity. The energy in space itself What might appear to be empty space is, therefore, a seethingferment of virtual particles. A vacuum is not...

The Magnetic Wankel Engine

Homemade Wankel Engine

For baseline comparison, Figure 6-25 shows a conventional linear magnetic motor. As can be seen, due to the difference between magnetic poles, a magnetic field exists along the line of the linear track, from the end having the magnets separated the least to the end having the magnets separated the most. Figure 6-26 diagrammatically shows the scheme of operation of the magnetic Wankel engine. It is basically a linear magnetic motor, wrapped into almost but not quite a complete circle. A set of...

Switching Circuits with Extended Electron Gas Relaxation Time

Suppose an instantly applied voltage to the high side of the circuit instantly potentializes a pair of circuit conductors, with the other acting as ground. The charges in the conductor are thus instantly potentialized and excited, so that through the external circuit there exists an E-field E, where E -V lt j between the high side of the circuit and the ground return side. An acceleration force on the energized electrons thus exists. It requires a finite time for the energized...

The Fogal Charge Barrier Device

Figure 5-7 shows an illustration from one of William Fogal's patents 314 on a new kind of transistor more accurately, a charge barrier device . Fogal's device incorporates a very special electrolytic capacitor133, which introduces optical-type functions as well as the more familiar capacitor functions. Blocks electron current flow i dq dt - As capacitor charges electrons in emitter junction attracted to plate - Charging plate produces high barrier - AC conduction electrons cannot penetrate...

Peculiarities of Spacetime Curvature and Dirac Hole Interactions

When considering the interaction between curved spacetime and the Dirac vacuum, immediately we violate the premise that all electron states in the Dirac Sea are always filled which condition we surmise along with Dirac only exists on the average in a flat spacetime region . In a curved spacetime, we can have sustained excess 4-holes in the vacuum, or we can have holes that accept an electron falling into them without emitting radiation. The radiation-free pair annihilation reaction is possible...

Independent Replication of the Bedini Negative Resistor Effect

Nikola Tesla Negative Resistor

Independent replication of the Bedini effect was accomplished early on by Nelson and by Cole, and also by Watson. Nelson has chosen not to further publicize his own work for some years, perhaps due to his employment as a microwave switching engineer in a large and conservative aerospace company. Cole is deceased, and Watson abruptly withdrew forcibly, in our opinion from public research and all further contact with his close colleagues after successfully demonstrating in 1984 an 8-kilowatt...

Swiss Overunity Converter

Negative Resistors

We must also include the Testatika devices invented by Paul Baumann in a religious commune, Methernitha, adjacent to the village of Linden in Switzerland180. Figure 6-18 shows one of the machines, which over a period of 20 years were developed in various output sizes up to 30 kilowatts. Once started, the device is self-powering while also powering a very substantial external load up to 25 kW . Many engineers and scientists have observed the machines in observation, examined them, and measured...

The Wiegand Effect

Magnetic Pulse Generator

If a Permaloy or other suitable magnetic wire is properly tensioned and worked by repeated torsion while under tension, the skin of the wire is work-hardened and caused to have different magnetic characteristics from that of the internal core. This type of wire is called a Wiegand wire, or pulse wire, or self-nucleating magnetic wire SNMW . When the pulse-wire experiences a certain level of ambient magnetic field strength, it will automatically switch its magnetic state, very sharply, producing...

Faraday Maxwell Quaternions and Heaviside

For our purposes, we start with the important experiments of Faraday 117 , which produced experimental integration of electricity and magnetics 118 . Faraday's own work contained very little mathematics, and so he himself did not capture his own seminal experimental work in adequate theoretical fashion. That task was undertaken by James Clerk Maxwell 119a, 119b , who deliberately set about to capture Faraday's results in a proper mathematical theory, using quaternion-like and vector...

Sweet Vacuum Triode Amplifier

Vacuum Activation Barium

During the 1980s and 1990s, the present author worked sometimes closely for extended intervals with inventor Floyd Sweet, the inventor of the Sweet vacuum triode amplifier VTA . Indeed, we gave the unit its VTA name, at Sweet's request. Fig. 6-5 pg. 384 shows a diagrammatic illustration of the fundamental VTA construction. Two coils in quadrature are between two barium ferrite brick magnets, of the kind formerly used in many power audio systems. The vertical coil is the input signal coil, and...

Strain to Stress Potential Energy Transduction

Importance Back Emf

This is a diagrammatic representation of a fundamental strain-to-stress transduction mechanism we believe was involved in Tesla's single wire circuit i.e., his iterative retroreflecting circuit . At each end of the circuit, the electrons are trapped in the open outside end. Hence when EM energy rushes to the capacitor on one end of the circuit, the forward emf tries to strain the dielectric from the inner plate toward the outer plate. However, the trapped electrons in the outer...

James Corum et al Rectified Slepian AC Force Resonator

Another example is some promising work by Corum et al. 536 . We quote from the abstract and summary of his paper Corum presented an experimental paper on the use ofthe Heavisideforce in conjunction with a Slepian antenna as aform ofspace drive using nothing more than the classical Maxwell stress tensor. Slepian proposed the same thing in 1949, but came to the conclusion that it would not be useful, since the time average ofthe resultant ACforce would be zero. Corums contribution has thus far...

Krons Negative Resistor

One of the greatest American electrical scientists was Gabriel Kron. Working for General Electric GE , Kron built a true negative resistor in the 1930s, which could power itself and the network analyzer127 at Stanford University, under a GE support contract with the U.S. Navy. Here is a direct quote from Kron 306 to show what we refer to When onlypositive and negative real numbers exist, it is customary to replace a positive resistance by an inductance and a negative resistance by a capacitor...

Chungs Negative Resistor and Naudins Replication

Chung 676 has reported replicable negative resistance in the interfaces between layers of carbon fibers in a composite material. By varying the pressure used when the fibers are made, the resistance can be controlled to later be negative or positive as desired. A simpler version of Chung's negative resistor using off-the-shelf materials has been successfully replicated and tested by Naudin 677 . See Figure 11-3 . Naudin's website 677 provides measurements and full details necessary for...

The Heaviside Component vs the Poynting Component

Unless Heaviside and Lorentz did rigorous calculations in a work we have not yet uncovered, we could not find any development of the functions and equations required for computing the numerical ratio of the unaccounted Heaviside dark energy flow nondiverged energy flow component that misses the circuit , to the tiny Poynting energy component thai strikes the surface charges of the conductors 211 and is diverged into the wires to power the circuit when the surface charges precess laterally into...

Russian Parametric Oscillator Power Systems

In leading physics institutes and laboratories in the 1930s, Russian scientists built COP gt 1.0 parametric oscillators, including some of appreciable size. The work is documented in the literature 362a-k , both in Russia and in France. The devices were developed and tested in several Russian laboratories. With linear loads, the oscillators would progressively build to self-destruction. With nonlinear loads, the devices would stabilize and power themselves and their loads, at a level depending...