## Collection of Field Energy in the MEG

To collect and use EM energy in a power generating system, first the EM energy must be evoked from local spacetime (the local vacuum) by the broken symmetry of the source charges and dipoles in the circuit {12}. In the open system far from equilibrium in the resulting EM energy flow, the operator must usually pay for (i) the energy required to initially produce the requisite source dipolarity and (ii) the energy required to perform necessary switching and control functions, unless close-looping is incorporated. Using the permanent magnet as a source dipole in the MEG, and using the special nanocrystalline core material to generate the Aharonov-Bohm effect to furnish excess energy from the vacuum, the MEG operator does not have to furnish the evoked and available field energy at all. So the first "payment" is totally avoided. Further, the magnetic dipole is not destroyed by passing magnetic flux back through its back mmf. No additional input energy is required to continually restore the source dipole, since it is never destroyed.

In an open-loop MEG system, the operator only has to pay for the second part: the switching and control function energy. In later closed-loop MEG systems, a method of controlled and positive feedback has been developed so that, once the system is up and operating and powering its load, the necessary switching and control function energy can be siphoned off the output and fed into the input in governed fashion, first being transduced into positive energy input form. Once the process is properly synchronized and governing properly, the operator can throw a switch for feedback and transduction, and the unit will be "self-powering", or "fueled entirely by the local vacuum energy", so to speak.

Let us consider the open-loop MEG system we have presently attained in a scries of embodiments.

The total emf force Fcollected from a given nonzero electric field E, e.g., depends only upon the amount of available intercepting charge, by the simple equation F = Eq. Similarly, from any potential the amount of collected EM potential energy ^depends on the amount of intercepting charge q, by W= (f)q. Hence in the MEG a legitimate COP>1.0 system is possible if (i) more energy is collected and used from the evoked EM energy flow than is input to gate that energy flow's appearance from the active environment, and (ii) none — or appreciably less than half— of the energy collected in the circuit is used to destroy the source dipolarity.

By invoking the AB effect in a local region, the vacuum contributes additional energy density in the space outside that region, and that energy density can be sharply perturbed so that substantial field energy amplification appears by asymmetrical regauging. The excess energy to provide COP>1.0 performance is freely furnished from the active vacuum (and from the local curved spacetime) {38b, 38c}. The excess energy can be intercepted in the perturbed curl-free A-potential region outside the transformer section, collected, and used to power additional loads, in addition to being intercepted in the transformer secondary region to power the secondary circuit and main load.

Similar contributions of extra energy and extra energy collection outside the core localization region occur for the iterative processes also.

At the same time, the B-field inside the core material is perturbed, but the core material self-varies its permeability to adjust to the additional magnitude of the perturbed B-field. The production of any B-field oscillation inside the core does produce an electric field E, which is not localized in the core. Consequently, energy from the perturbed core-localized B-fields is transduced into nonlocal E-field energy, passing out of the core and interacting with the output secondary coils of the transformer section in purely electric field fashion.

Because of the purely electrical interaction, the voltage and current output from the secondary coils of the transformer section are in phase, and not 90° out of phase as in a transformer. The actual 2° experimental phase shift of current with respect to voltage is a measure of the slight inefficiency of the junctions of the permanent magnet ends with the B-localizing core material.

In the MEG, we are using a novel new kind of component: an external-induction-free cored inductor, which might alternately be called a purely electrical inductor — at least externally. In short, the inductive action remains localized in the core, while the electrical action escapes the core and interacts with the coil to drive the current electrically. So here is another excellent, novel, and practical use of the Aharonov-Bohm effect and the geometric phase: Eliminate the inductive reaction of a coil's output, and transduce it into a purely electrical action. At this writing, we are preparing to file a separate patent application upon this latest application and process, and it will already be filed by the time this book is published.

We accent that any field or potential, once made, already involves an ongoing giant negentropy and overunity process {486}, as we previously discussed in this book. Simply calculate how much energy it requires to separate and form the source charge — which can be as simple as charging a tiny little sphere — and recognize that the field formed by that charge is an altered energy density of surrounding space and a polarization of the vacuum. Once the charge is formed, the corresponding alteration and sustaining of spatial energy density change and vacuum polarization freely moves radially outward at the speed of light from the charge, from the very moment it is produced. So a steady flow of observable EM energy is speeding out in all directions from the source charge. An enormous change in the energy density over that external spatial region surrounding the source charge occurs and spreads steadily, moving radially outward in all directions at speed c.

Hence a magnificent and rapidly extending curvature of spacetime — which energetically acts upon any available charged matter therein, by conventional general relativity — is formed and spreads outward in all directions from any source charge, once formed. How much effect on charged matter is exhibited by this freely created and spreading spatial EM energy density change, depends only on the amount of interacting/receiving charged matter in that surrounding space that is available to interact with the energy of the new fields and new potentials.

If the source charge or source dipolarity (in this case, primarily the magnetic dipole of the permanent magnet) is left alone and not destroyed, an unlimited amount of energy can be intercepted and discharged from a local load, again and again, from the charge's surrounding field or potential because the energy in the field and potential is steadily replenished from the active vacuum. The only problem is discharge the collected energy in the load(s) so as to leave the original source charges (the magnetic poles) inviolate, and not to destroy them. The MEG accomplishes this function.

This also rigorously follows from the gauge freedom axiom of quantum field theory. Consider this: the ability to freely change the potential — assumed by all electrodynamicists — can be applied directly to the load to potentialized it without any current moving, if there exists a somewhat lengthy electron gas relaxation time in that part of the load that is potentialized. After potentialization, one can switch the source of free potential away, and complete the load circuit separately, so that the excess potential energy is dissipated from the load, powering it. In that case there is no dissipation of the primary source dipole. Gauge freedom already assumes one can produce EM energyfrom the local vacuum freely, anywhere and at any time. In real life, one has to pay a little for the switching, but not for the energy input itself.

Why the scientific community for decades has fiercely opposed the funded experimental investigation of the implications of gauge freedom is quite inexplicable.

As can be seen from the conservation of energy law alone, in theory energy can be continually intercepted and collected from these free fields and potentials, once the source dipolarity (or source charge) creation has been paid for. Further, by applying gauge freedom to potentialized the load without energy dissipation, with a little adroit switching the collected energy can then be dissipated entirely in a separated external load circuit, so that the free potential energy completely exits that circuit without re-interacting with the source dipole and its back emf or mmf.

We predict that the above application of gauge freedom will eventually power most of the world's electrical systems, when the scientific community gives up its present "ostrich position". Once the engineers can build it, the scientists do not have to agree.

That such is not done in our conventional circuits is purely due to the limited vision of the scientific community and its refusal to fund appropriate research. To date, it has not even recognized what actually powers every electrical circuit, or that a common practice (the closed current loop circuit) has eliminated COP>1.0 and self-powering Maxwellian power systems for more than a century. The entire electrical energy crisis hurtling at the nations of the world is due entirely to the shortsightedness of the scientific community, particularly since 1957.

Once the energy is pouring (transmitted) from the dipole and out of the terminals of the generator to fill space around the external conductors, then a straightforward energy transmission and reception problem exists. The source dipolarity produces the steady emission and flow of energy filling space around the circuit. In the "receiving external circuit" the surface charges and their fields must intercept some of that available EM energy flow and diverge it into the conductors to power the circuit electrons. The intercepted and diverged component entering the circuit is the Poynting component, while the nonintercepted and nondiverged component missing the circuit and usually wasted, is the extra Heaviside component.

Fortunately, every source dipole pours out enormously more EM energy than our feeble conventional circuits intercept and catch to provide the Poynting calculations. So to produce COP>1.0 in the MEG, all we have to do is insure that we have (i) a mechanism easing the interception and collection process, and (ii) sufficient "antennas" containing sufficient conduction electrons (and their fields) to intercept and collect more energy than we pay to make the source dipole and perturb it. Since we pay nothing at all to make the source dipole (which is the permanent magnet), and since the magnetic flux back through the permanent magnet does not destroy the dipole, then all we have to pay for is the perturbation and for switching and control.

The resulting field energy generated outside the core localization region is primarily a function of the rise and decay times for the input perturbation pulses and not the energy of those pulses. From a little input energy with fast little changes, we can easily generate very powerful oscillating E-fields and provide dramatically increased "antenna collection" area with the necessary magnitude of intercepting charge. It rigorously follows that C0P>1.0 is easily obtainable.210, 211

210 Again, for the MEG, changing and controlling the rise time and decay time of the input pulses is a method for directly engineering and controlling the general relativistic curvature of the local surrounding spacetime, because it controls the magnitude of the E-field that is created by from the curl-free

A-potential outside the core. This also directly engineers and controls the magnitude of the polarization of the local active vacuum. That simple fact allows the use of a unified field theory operation, with a net energy interchange between the system and the local active vacuum. To understand the MEG, one must think in terms of the supersystem.

211All EM energy at any point in space must have been "gated" from the timedomain and it must return to the time domain (as, e.g., by the source charge for it). It requires quite a shift of one's mind to realize that all 3-space energy (such as "energy at each point in a potential") involves a gating process and a giant negentropic 4-circulation of EM energy ongoing at each point dipole. Much of the extraction of energy from the vacuum has been hidden by thinking in terms of "inputting energy" instead of "inputting or arranging energy flow gating" by the source charges and sourcedipoles.

The MEG is an open system far from equilibrium with its active environment (its active local vacuum and its active local curvatures of spacetime). By attending to the interception and collection part of the overunity problem, the MEG can permissibly collect and use more EM energy to power its loads than one oneself has to input to it. In short, one only has to input a little switching and perturbation energy with properly shaped waveforms, to generate very powerful fields and appreciable field energy available for collection and use. With sufficient collection mechanisms in place, the unit easily produces COP>1.0. Then with proper closed-loop principles implemented, the MEG can be self-powering.

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