## Nonunitary Outrigger Array System

See Figure 9-14, which is a diagrammatic representation of a COP>1.0 array system that is non-unitary. In the non-unitary (outrigger array) system, no part of the outrigger array works at £ >1.0. All external parts operate at < l.'i. but independently and with COP>1.0. Each of the external outrigger systems is an open system freely receiving excess energy from its active environment, because it is an "energy-receiving" system and the energy is freely transmitted from the central system. The central part of the array is the unit whose purpose is to stimulate or evoke an excess energy flow from the vacuum, so that the outrigger receiver/power units can individually intercept and utilize radiating energy flow surrounding the central unit.27 The usable (output) energy intercepted and captured (collected) from a given free flow of energy depends totally on the intercepting reaction cross section — usually the total array amount of intercepting charge, together with the degree of resonance (sweeping a larger geometrical cross section) of the intercepting charge.

Each outrigger unit (subsystem) has its own complete closed current loop separate system and load, plus its "antenna" or "interception section" or receiving component for intercepting and collecting the free flow of energy coming from the central source unit (the energy transmitter). Thus, the loads in the outrigger units are not closed-current-connected with the central source unit at all. Each outrigger unit has its own independent electrical ground and its own closed loop system with its load.

279 We emphasize that, when the usually unaccounted Heaviside nondiverged energy flow component surrounding the conductors of the external circuit is accounted, every EM power system is already a COP»1.0 EM energy transduction system. Consequently, in the received view the array system can be operated at COP>1.0, or even in self-powering mode, even though the central system is "said" to be at COP<1.0. It is at COP<1.0 only because of the self-applied Lorentz symmetrical regauging and ignoring the excess unused energy flow available to and surrounding the circuit, but not conventionally used. If we account the COP for what we have to furnish to the central unit, then the COP of each array unit is COP = oo. The point is that we ourselves do not have to pay any extra input energy for the output energy of each array circuit.

This schema in fact separates the two functions of Poynting energy flow theory: (i) the extraction and radiation of the EM energy flow from the seething vacuum, and (ii) the interception, collection, and dissipation of some of that available energy flow, to power the loads and losses of the intercepting system.

In this fashion, multicollection from a single energy flow (generated from a central source "transmitter") occurs by direct, independent interception and collection in each of the C0P<1.0 outrigger units. However, the input power to each outrigger units is free with respect to that outrigger circuit itself. We of course must pay to generate the flow of energy from the central unit, but that can be done in normal C0P<1.0 manner (such as C0P = 0.95) while powering its load.280 Let the output power of each numbered unit (including the central source unit) be given by Pi, n be the number of power units, and PT be the total power output. Then the total output PT of the array system is given by

The total input power Pi is simply the input power P^i, to the central source unit. The C0P is given by C0P =

In the motionless electromagnetic generator (MEG) array, for example, the central unit is the transformer-like unit, deliberately using a special core to contain the magnetic flux of a permanent magnet in contact with the core material, thereby stimulating the Aharonov-Bohm effect and freely filling the surrounding space with the uncurled magnetic vector potential A. We will explain the non-unitary (outrigger array) system using the MEG as an example.

280 We again stress that, from any nonzero potential <j>, or from any EM field in space, any amount of EM energy can be collected if there is sufficient intercepting and collecting charge. For example, the simple equation W = <|>q applies for the potential, where W is the energy collected from a potential with point intensity ij) by collecting charges q. A similar equation applies with respect to collecting as much force (emf in the various outrigger circuits) as desired. Here a single given E-field E can be assumed, and F = Eq. What is happening in the outriggers is that they are intercepting and collecting some of the excess Heaviside energy flow component that is wasted by the central circuit.

The MEG freely induces the Aharonov-Bohm effect,281 thereby extracting excess energy from the vacuum in the form of that novel field-free A-potential. Being field-free, A represents an energy flow without swirl (without curl). When the MEG input section is perturbed, the surrounding A-flow is perturbed also, giving a pulsed or AC flow of energy that can be intercepted and utilized by each outrigger circuit as an E-field energy interception.

The central unit's COP<1.0 function is to output almost as much, or as much, energy as is required to power the MEG, while also evoking that excess A-flow and serving as a COP » 1.0 energy flow transducer. The function of each outrigger is then to intercept some of the pulsed A-flow (as E-field energy via the equation dA/dt = - E), in its antenna or interceptor section. Each outrigger has its own independent and conventional closed loop circuit. It simply is a receiver and user of extra Heaviside EM energy produced from the central MEG unit in the new form of the curl-free A-potential. Perturbing the A-potential produces a large E-field impinging on all the external outrigger subunits. Hence these units freely collect and use some of that available excess energy. The COP of the total array is thus COP>1.0. For best results, tuned antenna theory and near field theory should be utilized.

Suppose we operate the MEG central unit at COP = 1.0. In that case, there is no 4-hole current of significance associated with the central unit or the outriggers, and transduction of hole current into electron current for close-looping is not necessary. Instead, sufficient outriggers are employed so that the total energy caught and dissipated in their loads by all the outriggers is given by where WI is the input energy in the main central section. Since COP = 1.0 for the central unit in isolation, the total input Ein is Ein = Wi (the additional huge Heaviside nondiverged EM energy input component is there also, but just neglected in conventional engineering). The total output Wa of the entire array is WA = W0 + WT. The overall COPA of the entire array is thus

281 The reader should recall that the Aharonov-Bohm effect is not included in classical U(l) electrodynamics. See Terence W. Barrett, "Electromagnetic Phenomena Not Explained by Maxwell's Equations," in A. Lakhtakia (ed.): Essays on the Formal Aspects of Electromagnetic Theory, World Scientific Publishing, River Edge, NJ, 1993, p. 6-86.

Hence the array has a COP>1.0, even though every single component of the array has < 1.0. With the outriggers fully functioning, many schemes of operation can be used. E.g., the energy from the outriggers can be used to steadily charge a capacitor bank by "shuttling". We define shuttling as use of two capacitor banks: (1) a capacitor bank which is continually connected and charged by the outriggers as their effective output, and (2) an input capacitor bank for the central unit that is continually connected and recharged from the outrigger capacitor bank. By adroit switching, the charge of the input capacitor bank is maintained by replenishing from the output capacitor bank, and the input capacitor bank powers the entire system, including the output load in the central section.

The non-unitary outrigger array construction is one means of close-looping a non-unitary overunity power system without bothering with the transduction of hole current into electron current. It is the easiest of all COP>1.0 systems to close-loop for self-powering.

An additional adaptation is for each outrigger also to continuously power a separate load, and only contribute intermittently along with the other outriggers to charging the output capacitor bank.

Another adaptation is to operate the central unit in the array in solitary self-powering mode.

These and similar modes of nonunitary array system operation allow close-looping the system for self-powering of itself and its load, without concern for 4-hole current transduction. A real advantage of such nonunitary systems without worrisome 4-hole current is that transistors can readily be used for switching etc. in them, without the destruction of the transistors by a damaging Dirac 4-hole current in the supersystem.

The nonunitary overunity system can also be close-looped by conventional (simple) "clamped positive feedback" means if good isolation (e.g., optical isolation of the circuitry switching) is used in the feedback loops.

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