Other Considerations

For C0P»1.0 systems and some C0P>1.0 systems, the concepts of Chapter 9 must also be applied, since the system outputs not only positive energy but also negative energy. The negative energy — in the form of Dirac sea hole current — then sweeps back through the system from its output section to its input section. At various places, these "vacuum holes" eat electrons (as on atoms, causing ionization).115 In short, the Dirac sea holes are converted to more normal lattice holes, and thus can be dealt with in the same fashion as semiconductor designers handle lattice hole problems inside their semiconductor designs. Positron (hole) effects are well known in materials science, and are increasingly being used in actual systems such as the antimatter (positron beam) microscope {266a-266b}.

We accent that a simple LC oscillating circuit does not produce C0P>1.0 of itself. If, however, the charges in the currents surging to and fro are in particle resonance at the "feed frequency", then they will "sweep out" a greater geometrical cross sectional area to intercept additional Heaviside energy flow existing outside the normal "static charge" Poynting energy flow. This is similar to the "intercepting resonant particles " process utilized by Bohren {257}, and it allows output of more EM energy than the operator inputs in the calculated Poynting component of his own input energy flow. It does not output more EM energy than the operator inputs in the sum of his Poynting input component and his Heaviside input component.

The real energy conservation law is that the input energy from all sources and of all types must equal the output energy of all types, where by

115 The union of a Dirac hole (4-space negative energy electron before observation) and a positive energy electron before observation, can occur without radiation. The two curvatures of spacetime involved are equal and opposite, so they just get replaced by a flat spacetime, which involves a filled Dirac sea (all the holes filled with electrons). In short, the energy can go into changing the stationary local double recurvature of local spacetime, by a sort of "superposition of two spacetime curvatures", to give a net flat spacetime, rather than dynamically radiating EM energy away at the speed of light. However, if either of the two interacting particles has been observed, this is not the case and standard pair annihilation will be observed. The point is that particles in their unobserved mt state rather than their observed m state, can interact without observation, similar to the way that wave-to-wave interaction occurs in nonlinear optics.

"output" we mean output as useful energy and output as loss or non-useful energy.

So conservation of energy flow is not violated, because one also inputs an additional Heaviside nondivergedcomponent, unknown to Bohren. Circa the 1880s or early 1890s, Lorentz arbitrarily discarded it from accountability. One does not have to "pay" for that nondiverged and unaccounted input energy flow component. Except in continually applying Lorentz's integration trick to discard it, the nondiverged Heaviside component has been almost totally neglected in the textbooks since Lorentz arbitrarily discarded it back there circa the late 1880s. However, it is roughly dealt with in near field antenna theory, sometimes under the topic of "Poynting energy bunching". In the near field, e.g., there also may be a substantial longitudinal E-field component. One region may be oscillating back and forth along the flow direction, while the region in quadrature may be flowing in only one direction.

By causing the intercepting charges themselves to resonate and sweep out a greater reaction cross section in an energy flow, the normal definitions of "field intensity" and "potential intensity" are no longer true, because their reaction intensity to a unit point static charge has been used as their stated "magnitude". The conventional definition is only for an indication of the intensity of the energy flows comprising the field and potential. With the unit point resonant intercepting charge rather than the assumed static charge, the reaction cross section for the same charge increases, and so the "apparent magnitude of the (intercepted) field intensity" also increases beyond what is in the textbook. So far as I am aware, there is no previous precise term associated with this phenomenon, except to lump it in the euphemism of "negative absorption of the medium" or "negative resonance absorption of the medium" in certain materials {267}. It is more nearly a Poynting energy amplification process, since the "intercepted" or Poynting component of the energy flow is increased. Thus it can be a mechanism for C0P>1.0, ifthe closed current loop circuit's use of halfthe collected energy in the circuit to kill the source dipole is also defeated.

Nonetheless, energy bunching or Poynting component amplification by altering the reaction cross section function of the intercepting particle is a legitimate way to provide excess "free" energy input for C0P>1.0 EM power systems.

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