Asymmetrical Self Regauging

Figure 2-4 Heaviside nondiverged and Poynting diverged energy flow components.

Contrast Lorentz's statement if applied to the ocean wind on a sailing ship, where the wind represents the total energy flow and the ship represents a single Maxwellian system under consideration.

Figure 2-5 Lorentz in his sailing ship in an ocean wind, with no other ships around.

As shown in Figure 2-5, Lorentz's argument is analogous to stating that the huge component of the wind that does not strike the ship's sails is "physically insignificant" — in other words, it has no physical use. Now that is true for the single ship under consideration, as shown in Figure 2-5. None of that wind component that misses the ship's sails does anything at all to power that ship (that individual system). Hence it is indeed physically insignificant to that ship itself. Of course, if we flare the sails wider, the ship will catch more wind and develop more power. That is an analogy to the Bohren experiment, which resonates the charges (the "sails" intercepting the incoming EM energy flow "wind") so that they sweep out a greater geometrical cross section. Hence 18 times as much energy is caught, as when the charges are not resonated (the sails are not flared to a greater area).

Electrical Experimenter Wind Turbine
Figure 2 6 Lorentz in his sailing ship in an ocean wind, with many other shi ps alongside.

However, now see Figure 2-6. If we put some more ships (some more systems) with "intercepting and collecting sails" in there, they will be powered quite well with some of that "physically insignificant" wind. So Lorentz (following earlier work by Ludwig Lorenz) really did advance and impose upon electrodynamics a non sequitur of first rank.

And the wind-fluid analogy helps to "lighten things up" a bit here and inject a little good-natured humor!

2.2.4 Discussion

Equation [22] has now become the first necessary but not sufficient principle of asymmetrical self-regauging (ASR) for overunity electromagnetic engines and devices. That is, we are now free to A-regauge in a nonconservative field manner, where excess net force fields automatically appear and remain for our use in the system. All that remains is for the designer to:

(i) evoke "nonconservative" (asymmetrical) regauging in accord with equation [22];

(ii) have the system assembly in disequilibrium with its energetic external environment, so that the system itself performs this nonconservative A-regauging in some sector or part {175} of its normal operation,

(iii) insure that any "free force" that is produced and allowed to do work upon the system will do some positive work upon the system, so as to increase its collected energy, and

(iv) assure that the "free" forces that are otherwise produced by the circuit design (this includes, e.g., the back emf) do not seriously degrade the system (i.e., do not substantially reduce its energy available to dissipate as work in the load). Usually this means that, contrary to the standard closed current loop circuit, the circuit must not dissipate half its collected Poynting energy to dissipate the charges in the source dipole and destroy it. These four considerations we now advance as the primary or master principles ofasymmetrical self-regauging ofelectromagnetic engines and devices for permissible overunity efficiency. We will meet additional principles in a later chapter when we discuss what the form of the energy output of an overunity EM system is, and the considerations for close-looping a COP>1.0 EM system into stable disequilibrium and continuous self-powering.

It is understood that the asymmetrical regauging portion of the circuit or system must be a broken symmetry in the energetic exchange between the active vacuum environment and that portion of the system. We exclude, g., solar cell-powered systems, windmill-driven generators, etc.

For simplicity, the system designer may wish to A-regauge only one potential, producing a desired "free" force F1 to work on the system and increase its energy, while allowing any other extraneous force F2 to appear, butjust "bottling up" that additional force F2 so that it cannot do any work at all on the system and therefore cannot degrade the system's operation. A most useful ASR corollary that immediately suggests itself is to simply A-regauge onto that force operation that normally produces the back-drag in a system or device, to either eliminate the back-drag altogether or reverse its algebraic sign so that it becomes an assisting force instead of a hampering force {176}.

In overunity systems, this becomes a startling and unexpected exercise in novel new phenomenology effected by tempic potential differences, tempic force, etc. It involves not only the system, but also the entire supersystem consisting of the physical system, its associated altered local vacuum, and its associated curved local spacetime. See Chapter 9 for our expose of these phenomena, and how one must transduce54 the effects of a very novel kind of tempic force back emf, if the COP>1.0 system is to remain in disequilibrium with the active vacuum and thus maintain its stable COP>1.0 operation.

Dissipative power inside source = V x ¡t and V x ¡t > V x ¡l

Other losses

Dissipative power inside source = V x ¡t and V x ¡t > V x ¡l

Other losses

Figure 2 7 Why a conventional dosed current loop circuit is limited to C0P<1.0.

Figure 2 7 Why a conventional dosed current loop circuit is limited to C0P<1.0.

Again see Figures 2-3 and 2-4, and equations [20] and [21]. Electrodynamicists have previously assumed away the capability of work-

54 A patent application on the process has been filed by John Bedini and the present author.

free "refueling" of an electromagnetic system directly from the local vacuum {177}. They have deliberately designed their systems to prevent self-evoking andpositively utilizing asymmetrical self-regauging oftheir own potential energy during system excitation discharge. (See Figure 2-7).

In fact, by forcibly pumping the ground electrons from the external circuit back up through the primary source dipole in the generator or battery, our closed current loop circuits self-enforce the Lorentz condition and require that precisely half the regauging energy freely intercepted and collected in the external circuit is used to destroy the source dipole providing the regauging energy. This destruction of the energy source is accomplished faster than the external load is powered. Hence all such systems with losses are COP<1.0 systems. For more than 100 years, this "self-destroying, suicidal system" is the only kind of electrical power system our energy scientists and engineers have designed and built. To inject a little humor, we can only describe this in Tesla's words55 as "one ofthe most remarkable and inexplicable aberrations ofthe scientific mind which has ever been recorded in history.

Thereby electrodynamicists have narrowed the inherent flexibility of the Maxwellian EM gauge theory model to an artificially symmetrized subset of Maxwell-Heaviside-Lorentz equations that utilize a single fixed gauge. This prohibits the free use of the system's vacuum energy freely received by the source dipole's broken symmetry in its violent exchange with the active vacuum. If the system increases its dipolarity (regauges freely), it simultaneously increases the speed at which it destroys the dipolarity! Maxwell's equations themselves do not require this, and neither does Heavisides truncation of them into the resulting Maxwell-Heaviside equations. Lorentzs symmetrical regauging ofthe Maxwell-Heaviside equations does require it.

The Maxwell-Heaviside theory without Lorentz symmetrical regauging allows regauging asymmetrically to place the system in disequilibrium so that it freely receives and utilizes excess energy from the surrounding vacuum. Then it can again asymmetrically regauge by dissipating that freely received energy in an external load. The theory specifically does not require destroying the primary source dipole as is done in the arbitrary closed current loop circuit between load andprimary source dipole in the generator or battery.

" Nikola Tesla, "The True Wireless, Electrical Experimenter, May 1919.

By arbitrary habit, electrodynamicists have discarded the Maxwell-Heaviside major EM overunity mechanism: Asymmetrically self-regauging accomplished by the system itself, without requiring external work being done on the system by the operator, in order to freely gather in and collect excess potential energy in the system from its broken symmetry with its active vacuum environment. In this self-A-regauging, associated excess net force does appear, whereupon that excess collected/stored regauging energy can then be used to "drive" the forces against load resistance and system losses to freely power the system and its loads {178}. They have also discarded the major overunity corollary whereby the designer is free to utilize system self-regauging asymmetrically so that the normal backdrag or back-emfwork — usually done upon the system in its closed current loop configuration to reduce its kinetic energy — vanishes or reverses sign and becomes beneficial work done in the opposite sense, to freely increase the energy of the system.

The failure to do this is bluntly met with, when one does succeed in producing a COP»1.0 system momentarily by suddenly and very powerfully breaking the system's equilibrium in its vacuum energy exchange. Nature then exhibits a very novel kind of Dirac sea hole reaction (powered by tempic force generated in the locally curved spacetime and resulting effects generated in the altered semiconducting vacuum). This reaction sharply jerks the system (or the system plus its external power supply) back into equilibrium and COP<1.0 operation. In Chapter 9, apparently for the first time in the literature56 we present this novel mechanism exhibited by nature as a new kind of "tempic back emf phenomenon in systems in disequilibrium. We also explain how to handle the problem and in general how to use it for "freeze-framing" and stabilizing the system's disequilibrium operation in sustained COP > 1.0 configuration while powering itself and its load.

All that is required for "self-powering" COP»1.0 EM engines directly powered by the vacuum, is that (1) initially the engine must asymmetrically self-regauge to produce COP»1.0, and (2) positive transduced feedback (from the output) of a very special and previously unknown kind — where negative energy is transformed into normal electron current and energy — must be utilized to its input, in a clamped

56 The basis for it, however, is in Dirac's electron theory published in 1930, nearly three quarters of a century ago. See P. A. M. Dirac, "A theory of electrons and protons," Proceedings of the Royal Society ofLondon, Series A, 126(801), Jan. 1, 1930, p. 360-365.

and controlled fashion {179}. The clamped positive feedback can be designed and applied, once the fundamental engine is designed for self-regauging and overunity efficiency, and once the novel feedback and transformation requirements are understood and incorporated. The remaining excess output can then be utilized to power loads, while the engine seemingly "powers itself."

We stress, of course, that this system is just analogous to the windmill, and it continuously receives a "free energy wind" from its active environment. The conservation of energy law is obeyed at all times, as are physics and thermodynamics.

In a later chapter we present the concepts and processes for these novel phenomena involved in close-looping a COP>1.0 system for self-powering operation.

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

The solar Stirling engine is progressively becoming a viable alternative to solar panels for its higher efficiency. Stirling engines might be the best way to harvest the power provided by the sun. This is an easy-to-understand explanation of how Stirling engines work, the different types, and why they are more efficient than steam engines.

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