Some Implications of Giant Negentropy

Giant negentropy has many envisioned impacts upon physics, such as:

(a) Allows development and use of negentropic EM circuits (C0P>1.0 systems) rather than entropic circuits. Once a broken 3-symmetry with stable 4-symmetry is established (as by forming a dipole), it continues indefinitely unless deliberately destroyed.

(b) Allows direct negentropic reordering of a practical and usable fraction of the vacuum's energy at will, at any point in the universe, easily and cheaply.

(c) Provides for electrodynamic engineering of the vacuum energy and of spacetime curvatures clustered in specific templates (the concept of vacuum engines or spacetime curvature engines). This has significant medical applications {387c}.

(d) Utilizes time as energy (per our previous discussion) and thus allows use of the Whittaker phase conjugate half of the biwave set as an EM energy flow within the flow of time. Observably this translates to the continuous receipt of free time-energy by the formed broken 3-symmetry (e.g., the charge or dipole). Accordingly, the charge or dipole continuously pours out real observable EM energy in 3-space, without any observable EM energy input (time is not observable, and neither is the time-polarized photon alone).

(e) Allows "burning a little time for fuel", so to speak, in order to transduce it into a very large spatial energy flow, due to the enormous compression of 3-spatial energy represented by time-energy by a factor of c2.

So from the giant 3-negentropy discovery, we have arrived at some intriguing findings:

(a) As is well known in particle physics, the opposite charges of a dipole constitute a broken 3-space symmetry in the violent flux exchange between the active vacuum and the dipole.

(b) This dipole's broken 3-space symmetry in EM energy flow, provides a relaxation to a more fundamental EM energy flow symmetry between the time domain and 3-space, and therefore in 4-space.

(c) There is no law of nature or physics that requires 3-symmetry of EM energy flow as an additional condition applied to 4-symmetry of EM energy flow. Instead, 4-symmetry energy flow is more basic, by the hierarchy rule.

70 Quoting Steven Weinberg: " ..there is a hierarchy of symmetries; whatever symmetry unites the gravitational and strong nuclear forces with the electroweak

(d) The dipole is a practical and very simple means of "breaking" the additional 3-flow symmetry condition in EM energy flow our systems have previously exhibited, and relaxing to the fundamental 4-flow symmetry without 3-flow symmetry.

(e) So long as the dipole statically exists (e.g., imagine an electret suddenly formed, or a charged capacitor with no leakage), real usable EM energy circulation between time and 3-space, at each point in 3-space, will continuously move out from the dipole at light speed in all directions. In the view of the observer, at the same time, reactive EM power (actually, time-energy) will continuously flow into the dipole from the time-domain (the complex plane), and be transduced into real EM power output radially outward in 3-space from the dipole.

(f) Observably, a dipole or dipolarity and its scalar potential thus comprise a true negative resistor system of the most fundamental kind. The dipole continually receives EM energy in unusable form (reactive power, which cannot perform real work), converts it to usable form (real power, which can perform real work), and outputs it as usable, real EM energy flow (real power) in 3-space. Further, it spreads this "transformation of time-energy into 3-space energy at every dipole point" outward in 3-space in all directions.

(g) So at its formation the dipole initiates a continuing giant negentropy — a progressive reordering of a substantial and usable portion of the vacuum energy {201} that begins with dipole formation and continues. Further, this reordering of vacuum energy flow at every point in space continuously spreads in all directions from the initiation point, at the speed of light. Dipoles in original atoms formed shortly after the beginning of the universe, have been pouring out real EM energy for some 14 to 15 billion years or so (i.e., in the prevailing view; the age of the universe and whether it is expanding are still controversial {754}), and have reordered a fraction of the vacuum's energy, where the magnitude of the re-ordering varies inversely as a function the forces is broken roughly a hundred million million times more strongly than the symmetry that unifies the weak and electromagnetic interactions. The puzzle of explaining this enormous difference in fundamental energies is therefore known in elementary particle physics today as the hierarchy problem." [Weinberg, Dreams of a Final Theory, Vintage Books, Random House, 1993, p. 205], radial distance from the dipole.71 This is in fact the solution to the long-vexing problem of the source charge and its associated fields and potentials and their energy, reaching across the universe. The charge together with its associated clustering virtual charges is a set of composite dipoles, hence a multiple broken 3-symmetry energy flow system.

(h) If the dipole is destroyed, the ordering of the vacuum energy ceases, leaving a "separated chunk" of reordered vacuum energy dynamics that continues to expand at the speed of light in all directions, steadily reducing in local intensity as it expands.

(i) At any very small volume in space, from the dipole dynamics of the universe it follows that a great conglomerate of reordered vacuum flows and fluxes — some continuous, some chopped — is continually passing through that volume. Further, the situation is totally nonlinear, so that direct wave-to-wave interactions occur continuously amongst these energy flows and waves. We hypothesize that this is the actual physical mechanism constituting Puthoffs cosmological feedback mechanism {202}.

(j) Further, in 1904 Whittaker {203} showed that any EM field or wave pattern can be decomposed into two scalar potential functions. This initiated what is called superpotential theory. Each of the two potentials for those functions, of course, decomposes into the same kind of harmonic longitudinal EM wavepairs as shown in Whittaker 1903, plus superposed dynamics. In other words, the interference of scalar {204} potentials — each of which is actually a set of longitudinal EM waves, and not a scalar entity {205} at all, but a multivectorial entity — produces EM fields and waves and their dynamics. Hence we hypothesize that the Whittaker interference of the propagating reordered EM energy entities, continuously occurring at any point in space, generates the zero-point EM field energy fluctuations of the vacuum itself. Indeed, an AIAS group paper by Evans et al. {206} has already shown that just such "scalar interferometry" produces transverse EM fields and waves in the vacuum at a distance.

71 The field energy density in the fields produced by the source charge varies inversely as the square of the radial distance. The potential energy density in the potentials produced by it will vary inversely as the distance.

Since energy can neither be created nor destroyed, there really are no true energy sources in nature in the sense that they create energy and pour it out {207}. Instead, what we call "energy sources" merely convert the energy already there in one form, into another form. All energy sources are no different from a solar cell in the sun, or a windmill in the wind, at least in principle. They are actually energy transducers rather than energy sources. This corresponds well with the conservation of energy law wherein not a single joule of energy can be created or destroyed. Instead, the form of that joule of energy can be continually changed. Every joule of energy present in the universe after its formation is still present, and is still doing joule after joule of work in iterative interactions with transducers that change its form.

A priori, we can measure no real 3-space input of EM energy to the unchanging charge but we can measure real 3-space EM energy pouring from it. Energy must be input to it from the active vacuum in a nonobservable form, and converted by it into an observable form that is reemitted, usable, and produces what we call the "fields and potentials" and their energy, associated with that "source charge". As is common usage, we will continue to use the term "source charge" or "source dipole", but with the understanding that we refer to a special kind of energy transducer.

When we "make entropy", we must do work. Even so, doing work is not really entropic unless we also lose control of the energy72 — whose form was merely changed by doing the work — and thence lose any further ability to use that energy (change its form, or transduce it) to do useful work. And when we observe entropy, we also do work in the observing. Some of the erroneous notions about entropy desperately need correcting. E.g., quoting Weinberg {208} for a lay definition of entropy:

"..a certain quantity called entropy: To define entropy, imagine that some ofthe system s temperature is very slowly raised from absolute zero. The increase in entropy ofthe system as it receives each small new amount ofheat energy is equal to that

72 An interesting point is that energy is energy and remains energy. "Disordered" ultimately means "unusable" or "inconvenient" and nothing else. Disordered energy is still energy, and if we do not lose it from the system we can in fact have the system automatically reorder it, e.g. by use of simple retroreflection. The entire concept of entropy must be rigorously interpreted in terms of "energy whose reuse is lost", at least by the processes being performed by the system considered. In our view, "entropy" itself is just additional usually "lost" energy to be recovered.

energy divided by the absolute temperature at which the heat is supplied."

" entropy, which always increases with time in any closed system... "

However, we point out that apparently there exists no completely closed system in the entire universe. In the notion of entropy and the escape of the energy from their "closed" system, thermodynamicists themselves ubiquitously negate the latter premise that entropy in a completely closed system always increases with time. That simply does not follow. The real situation is as follows: (i) Entropy in a half-open system with no allowed external input of energy, but with allowed escape of energy, does decrease with time if the energy of the system decreases with time by escaping.73 Hence the cooling of "hot" water with time, if and only if the excess energy in the system can have a net escape to the (cooler) environment as time passes, (ii) Energy in a completely closed system (closed to both energy and mass), with no input and no output of energy at all, simply remains constant because it is not dissipated; simply apply the conservation of energy law. It may rearrange within, and the subcomponent energies may disorganize with respect to range, but the total energy remains. Entropy actually only deals with the loss of ability to utilize the energy. To wit, the assumed (and apparently true, so far as we can tell) conservation of energy in the present universe is an example. A closed system is in this sense a special case of a system in equilibrium with its active environment.74 I.e., any "closed system" is such a special case.

73 In case the reader has not thought of it, until the energy "escapes" it is not dissipating or dissipated from the dissipating "object". A "hot" object is energetically excited but not hot; the energy dissipated from it (including from every component within it) is scattering, and hence disruptive and "hot" in its interaction with a test instrument (or one's finger). The thermometer (or any other instrument) is external to the rest of the system (even if imbedded in it). Hence merely to "measure the temperature" is actually to pass energy out of the system into the thermometer (or other instrument), so that the thermometer measures the heat of the dissipating energy that has just escaped from the system. For these and similar reasons, Romer — former editor of A. J. Phys.— pointed out that "heat" should not even be used as a noun {84}.

74 The concept of energy always requires that one can write "energy of. ..(X)" and fill in the (X). We usually write the phrase "of...(X)" as "X energy". Thus we write the phrase "energy of heat" as "heat energy," the "energy of the vacuum" as

"vacuum energy", and the "energy of the EM entities" as "EM energy". At least in its usage, energy always requires a medium or entity "having" or "exhibiting" the energy. As Feynman pointed out, we really do not know what "energy" per se is.

(iii) In a system closed with respect to output (escape) of energy, but with the system opened only to allow external input of energy, the system energy will increase, simply by the conservation of energy law. That system's entropy will decrease and its negentropy will increase. (Its mass will also increase, and so it violates the thermodynamic misdefinitions of closed system; see Appendix A). It is well known that the entropy of an open system far from equilibrium cannot even be computed! (iv) Energy in an open system where input of energy and escape of energy both occur, may either increase, decrease, or remain constant, depending upon whether the input rate exceeds the output rate, or vice versa, or the energy input and output rate are equal. Therefore such a system can exhibit overall entropy, overall negentropy, or overall equilibrium, (v) Net energy scattering rate (rate of energy escaping the system in disordering fashion) from a hot system determines the observed temperature of that system at the time of observation. The system itself is cold, prior to escape of the energy. The "heat" is due to the interaction of the escaping energy with an external object, in its disordering fashion. Inside the system prior to escape, the energy is ordered hence cold.

A system in equilibrium in its exchange with its active external environment is in a state of maximum entropy for that specific rate of energy exchange with its environment. As we will point out in Chapter 9, by deliberately balancing the system-and-vacuum exchange with the system-and-curvedspacetime exchange, so that the two exchanges are equal and opposite at a desired rate of exchange, one may establish (at least in theory) system equilibrium at whatever specific rate of energy exchange is desired.75, 76 In this fashion, e.g., an "impossible" molecule normally intensely unstable and decaying in a nanosecond or less, can in fact be stabilized once an appropriate balance between the two opposing energy exchanges with the system is achieved at the required specific rate of energy exchange. This is actually a new Lorentz symmetrical regauging

75 This is necessary, e.g., to close-loop a C0P>1.0 EM unitary system taking its input energy from the vacuum, as we shall see in Chapter 6.

76 The Fogal superluminal transmission system in fact uses a conventional signal input to change this "symmetrical regauging" condition in consonance with the amplitude of the input signal. Thus suddenly Lorentz symmetrical regauging becomes a way to transform a conventional signal into a signal consisting of changes in the stress energy potential of the vacuum. That constitutes a longitudinal EM wave, and so it is not limited by the speed of light. To use this process, a Fogal semiconductor must be used as the modulator in the "transmitter", and another must be used as the demodulator in the "receiver".

condition; change of symmetrical regauging is very useful in this fashion. In this way, a great new chemistry with reactions presently deemed impossible is in the offing, and it is already being developed by at least one U.S. company. We do not name the company, under our tacit agreement with the scientists doing the work.

To operate conventional entropic systems,77 first we must input energy to the inert system to force it out of equilibrium and back into excitation (back into an asymmetrically rcgauged system, violating the Lorentz condition) so that it has some excess energy (and negentropy). Then we allow the decay of the excited system's excess energy to pass through a load and be dissipated from it, doing work for us by powering the load. Conventional systems usually do not recapture the "escaping dissipated energy" but just waste it. "Dissipating" energy is merely allowing it to escape from the system and from further system control. Then we brutally force more excitation energy into the system, opening it and breaking its equilibrium to do so. Again we dissipate the system's excitation energy in the load to produce some more work, usually wasting an appreciable fraction of the excitation energy.

In EM systems, it is a little more complex. We continually "switch on" a negentropic flow of EM energy from the vacuum by making a source dipole. In the circuit, we collect a small part of the resulting huge energy flow in space surrounding the circuit conductors. Then we use half the collected energy to destroy the dipole source of the energy flow, while less than half of the collected energy is dissipated in the load (the rest of that second half is dissipated in the external circuit's losses). Hence we must continually restore the source dipole and pay more to do it than we get out in the load as useful work. We make a perfectly good negentropic system, and then forcibly destroy its negentropic ability faster than we power the load and get any use out of it. That's a terrible way to make and use power systems, but it is what has been done for more than a century.

So with our present entropic EM systems (actually our self-killing negentropic EM systems) we continually wrestle nature fiercely to the mat, so to speak, by brute force, repeatedly, to bind her into 3-space EM energy

77 By "entropic system" we mean a system whose excitation energy decays and is dissipated from the system or at least from its further control, so that the entropy (lost or unusable energy) of the system continually increases until equilibrium (total decay of the excitation energy) is achieved. As can be seen, this also can be used to define entropy and increase in entropy. What is usually unappreciated is that equilibrium is actually a counterbalance between ongoing entropy and negentropy.

conservation. All the while, nature protests our continual entropic brutality by providing the Newtonian third law reaction force78 back upon our causative wrestler performing the "forcing". To do entropic engineering, we have to continually input 3-space energy to the wrestling mechanism or engine, losing a bit of the input energy in the inefficiencies, and fighting the "back emf", "back mmf", or Newtonian third law reaction that is nature's cry of protest all the while. Those are nature's penalties for imposing a monstrous 3-space EM energy flow symmetry79 upon her as an additional, highly undesired, and highly unnatural condition added upon her beloved special 4-symmetry energy circulation between the time domain and 3-space.

In short, because we so love entropic engineering and 3-space EM energy flow symmetry, we have to provide the continual input energy to our entropic processes by burning fuel, damming rivers, erecting windmills, building waterwheels, erecting solar cell arrays, building and charging chemical batteries, etc. In the process, we destroy and pollute the biosphere on a giant scale as we rip down forests, strip-mine and drill the earth, pile up thousands of tons of radioactive nuclear wastes —that will be hot for thousands of years — from our power plants and related facilities, and spew streams of pollutants into the atmosphere, the rivers, the oceans, etc. We do all that biosphere destruction because we inexplicably insist upon placing cruel chains on nature by brutally enforcing 3-space energy flow symmetry upon her. In the process, we adamantly require adherence to classical equilibrium thermodynamics (as given a somewhat altered explanation above, and also in Appendix A).

We do not have to do it that way. In avoiding solving the source charge problem for so long (more than a century), we have been extremely

78 Note that Newton's third law reaction is implicit in the special negentropic energy flow circulation of the dipole, or of the charge considered as a set of composite dipoles. The same energy that moves into 3-space from the time domain, then returns from 3-space to the time domain, at every point in the 4-circulation. If we consider the positive charge as a "source" of negative energy, then there is a concomitant circulation of negative energy from the time domain to a point in 3-space, and back to the time domain.

79 The 3-space symmetry of energy flow equilibrium is actually between the energy we input (from its external environment) to the system, and the energy that escapes from the system back into its external environment, either in its losses or in its loads. As we stated, equilibrium condition is a balance between ongoing entropic and negentropic operations.

backward in our thinking and in our consequent development of entropic engineering technology.

For our dullness, we have had to pay and pay continuously for insisting on doing such atrocious entropic work and forcing nature to do it that way. In so doing, we "tie nature's feet" with that added arbitrary 3-symmetry in energy flow. We ourselves prohibit nature from performing the giant negentropy she so dearly loves and much prefers. We also arbitrarily and meanly discard the bountiful electromagnetic energy flow that nature loves to furnish us so freely by her vast preference for giant negentropy. We meanly discard nature's bountiful giant negentropy banquet free for the taking, by our vast thirst for giant entropy and doing violence to nature. Because we act like brutes instead of scientists, we destroy nature in spite of nature's continuing attempt to give us all the EM energy we wish, freely except for a little switching cost.

A far better way is to cooperate with nature and "let nature make her beloved copious negentropy" as she yearns to. To do that, we now can see the startlingly simple mechanism. We simply make a little dipole, once, entropically. So we have to pay for making the dipole, once, and we have to do just a little gentle violence to nature, once. Then we need do no more violence, if we just leave the dipole intact and do not destroy it. In short, we do have to tap nature gently on the shoulder. We do not have to brutally knock nature down to the mat, repeatedly.

When we make the dipole, we make a little bit of "broken 3-symmetry" in the universe's energy flow. Voila! Nature sings for joy at finally having her feet freed from the shackles of the horrid 3-symmetry energy flow. In great glee, she instantly relaxes into her dearly preferred giant negentropy and 4-symmetry. She instantly sets to re-ordering a substantial and usable

80 E.g., so far as I am aware, there have been no funded research programs to discover how to deviate and collect some of the freely flowing energy from a permanent magnet or an electric dipole. Instead, electrodynamics has smugly continued to call it "statics" as if there were no dynamics, and ignored the giant negentropy circulation that is "seen" as the steadily outflowing field energy in 3-space, and erroneously called the "static field". There is no such thing as "statics" in the entire observed universe a priori; the very process of observation itself is dynamic. What we see as "static" is continual recurrence of a given condition or state or magnitude, as beautifully pointed out by Van Flandern {628}. One might even say that, not only is nature energetic, nature is energy, constantly changing and in motion in innumerable ways at once! One might even define "energy" as the process by which nature both acts and observes its actions, in every form and structure and possibility.

portion of the vacuum energy of the universe, in all directions at the speed of light, spreading her preferred giant negentropy EM 4-energy circulation flow from the dipole toward the ends of the universe at the speed of light. As long as we do not destroy the dipole (the broken 3-symmetry) that gently breaks the 3-symmetry shackles, nature's feet remain freed from brutal 3-space symmetry in EM energy flow. In that case, she delightedly continues to reorganize a portion of the vacuum energy, with the reordering spreading radially outward at the speed of light. Simply making a common dipole or charge 1 sets nature to going about reordering an ever-increasing fraction of the entire vacuum energy of the universe, and continuing indefinitely.

Simultaneously with freeing her from enforced 3-space EM energy flow symmetry, in great gratitude nature pours out an immense real EM energy 3-flow from that little dipole or charge. She will continue to pour it out forever for us, if we do not destroy the dipole or charge.

Instead of the present universal entropic engineering, the smart thing to do is make just a little bit of entropy wisely, using the work we get to break 3-space energy flow symmetry (basically, to make a dipole). Then leave that mother of all negative resistors andfree energy flow generators alone andforever unchanged! Concentrate on intercepting, extracting, and using the free 3-space energy copiously flowing forth from the giant negentropy, without destroying the dipole that is freely providing it.

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  • john
    What is gaint negontropy?
    9 months ago

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