Sweet Vacuum Triode Amplifier

During the 1980s and 1990s, the present author worked —sometimes closely for extended intervals — with inventor Floyd Sweet, the inventor of the Sweet vacuum triode amplifier (VTA). Indeed, we gave the unit its VTA name, at Sweet's request.

Fig. 6-5 (pg. 384) shows a diagrammatic illustration of the fundamental VTA construction. Two coils in quadrature are between two barium ferrite "brick" magnets, of the kind formerly used in many power audio systems. The vertical coil is the "input" signal coil, and the horizontal coil is the "output" power coil. The input consisted of a 33 microwatt 10 volt 60-Hertz signal, and the output was a 120-volt 60-Hertz 500-watt signal. The barium nuclei in the magnets were specially preconditioned by Sweet so that they were in powerful self-oscillation with the surrounding energetic vacuum. A double-edged razor blade or piece of shim stock placed on one of these magnets would oscillate back and forth, incessantly, without cessation — showing that the magnetic field itself was "waving" back and forth (Figure 6-6). It was also continually doing work against air resistance, by moving the air.

Vacuum Activation Barium

waving to and fro steadily, -' with sdf-oscilhtmg H-field continuously performing work against air resistance.

Figure 6-6 Blade waving continuously on Sweet's conditioned barium ferrite magnet.

waving to and fro steadily, -' with sdf-oscilhtmg H-field continuously performing work against air resistance.

Figure 6-6 Blade waving continuously on Sweet's conditioned barium ferrite magnet.

Sweet had a Master's degree in electrical engineering from a leading university and handled the mathematical theory very well. He had worked at General Electric for many years, and Gabriel Kron was his patron and mentor. Sweet often spoke glowingly of Kron, and I came to believe that Sweet's VTA was probably an outgrowth of, or very similar to, Kron's negative resistor.

♦ Two activated magnets facing, with fields in self-oscillation.

♦ Barium ferrite magnets, barium nuclei in self-oscillation

♦ Barium nuclei self-pumped

♦ Two coils in quadrature, load is lamps, six watts

♦ Next unit produced 500 watts output with 330 microwatts

♦ Two activated magnets facing, with fields in self-oscillation.

♦ Barium ferrite magnets, barium nuclei in self-oscillation

♦ Barium nuclei self-pumped

♦ Two coils in quadrature, load is lamps, six watts

♦ Next unit produced 500 watts output with 330 microwatts

The Vacuum Triode
Figure 6-7 First Sweet WA producing 6 watts output.

When I first met Sweet, his little VTA system was producing a 6-watt output, enough to light four 1.5 watts of auto lamps (Figure 6-7. But there was no question as to the genuineness of the device. Nothing was hidden, and Sweet allowed me to measure the device at will, disassemble it, play with it, and examine it in any fashion. It was genuine, and not a hoax or trick. I also locked up one of his specially conditioned magnets for 24 hours, with a piece of shim stock sitting on the flat of the magnet and waving to and fro continuously, steadily performing work by moving air. When I opened the lock the next day, the shim stock was still there on the magnet and oscillating, having continuously done work against the air resistance for 24 hours with absolutely no energy input by the operator. And it was still working. Indeed, that single "kinetic" permanent magnet destroys all objections to COP>1.0 EM systems, including those that are self-powering and thus have COP = oo.

It seems little known that the vacuum around nuclei, in some cases, can be treated as a semiconductor, e.g. as discussed by Prange and Strance {365}. It is also known that nuclei do exhibit resonances at ELF frequencies. In particular, the vacuum in the region close to the nucleus of a superheavy element is known to act in a fashion analogous to the inversion layer in a field effect transistor. Prange and Strance introduce the idea of the inverted vacuum. Just as a semiconductor may be manipulated by subjecting it to external fields, doping etc., it appears that the vacuum can be similarly manipulated by appropriate means. We personally suspect that the semiconducting vacuum can be and is resonantly involved in any ELF resonances of the nucleus, which can occur in lighter nuclei such as barium.164

The virtual particle flux of vacuum, regarded as noise, may provide noise amplification of the coherent self-oscillation frequency between the semiconducting vacuum and the barium nucleus. Certainly, analogous noise amplification of signals is known in electrical physics {366}.

164 Here our concept of the supersystem may be of utility. The "lock-in" or "freeze-framing" of an equilibrium condition for a system — such as in a state of nuclear ELF self-oscillation — is stabilized and made a "new equilibrium condition" when the force field reaction from the curved local spacetime into the system is equal and opposite to the force field reaction from the local active vacuum into the system. We believe Sweet's undisclosed activation process was a method for synchronizing those two force field reactions and making them equal and opposite in one short discharge. We hope that this speculation is of use to future experimenters trying to duplicate Sweet's activation of his magnets into sustained and powerful supersystem self-oscillation.

I hypothesized that Sweet's activation process treated the vacuum surrounding the barium nucleus in such fashion, so that he was able to establish self-oscillation between the local activated vacuum and the concomitantly activated barium nucleus. Since barium ferrite is optically active, it may be that Sweet discovered how to get sufficient "self-pumping gain" for the self-oscillation to endure and not die away in a decaying oscillation manner. Since the "gain" of the second VTA as a self-pumping device was some 1,500,000 (Figure 6-8), obviously Sweet's activation method introduced a powerful state of self-oscillation.165

Two activated BaFe magnets in self-oscillation Barium nuclei self-pumped Two coils in quadrature Load is 5 lamps, 500 watts f-Input 330 microwatts J

LOADS

Figure 6-8 Second SweetVTA producing 500 watts and C0P=1,500,000.

165 Here we point out that "small" things with very close "double surfaces" of opposite charge or potential usually have very large fields. The tiny Lamb shift, e.g., has a local energy density greater than the surface energy of the sun. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, Second Edition, 1975, p. 10-11 points out that "field strengths of the order of 109-1015 volts/cm exist at the orbits of electrons in atoms, while the electric field at the edge of a heavy nucleus is of the order of 1019 volts/cm." It should be obvious to the reader that, if our speculation is true and nuclear oscillation of the barium nuclei is involved, the production of optical gains of 1.5 x 106 in Sweet's self-pumped, optically acting barium ferrite magnets is not surprising because of the extreme magnitude of the oscillating nuclear fields. In that case, optical gain converts directly to true power gain because the pumping energy is furnished freely by the environment and not by the experimenter.

6.3.2.1 Mapping the Magnetic Field of the Magnets Figure 6-9 shows a small magnetic field mapping device built by test engineer Rosenthal for Sweet. Sweet "scanned" and mapped the consistency of the magnetic field from his candidate magnets (barium ferrite magnets bought from surplus stores at the time). If the consistency varied over 12 to 15%, the magnet was useless because it would not "hold" the activation and retain it. Magnets whose magnetic field variation did not exceed 10% were ideal. So Sweet only found about 1 in 10 or even 1 in 30 magnets that would retain the self-oscillation state when initiated.

Figure 6-9 Test engineer Rosenthal points to a magneticfield strength mapping device he builtfor Sweet.

Figure 6-9 Test engineer Rosenthal points to a magneticfield strength mapping device he builtfor Sweet.

Sweet may have actually used two appreciably higher frequencies in his activation process, with the difference frequency between them being a precise ELF frequency (60-hertz, 100-hertz, 400-hertz, etc. as he desired). That would make sense, when one realizes that the magnet is a highly nonlinear medium and then treats it (to first order) as an isotropic nonlinear medium. In that case, the two wave frequencies actually used would be subject individually to the normal overshoot, breakup, reconstitution, etc. inside the material of the magnet — but the difference frequency would behave as if it were a sine-wave frequency {367}.

This makes sense, since the output wave of Sweet's activated magnet was essentially a pure sine wave. Also, the presence of noise-enhanced heterodyning can sometimes be used to amplify a difference signal even further {368}. As we stated, since the activation is a self-oscillation between the local semiconducting vacuum and the barium nuclei, one wonders whether much of the rest of the vacuum virtual particle flux can be treated as noise, and whether an effect is obtained for noise amplification of the coherent self-oscillation frequency.

L'vov and Prozorova {369} point out some interesting characteristics of the formation of self-oscillating spin waves which occur above parametric excitation. These oscillations result when internal stability does not occur, and they evidence themselves as oscillations of magnetization. The frequencies of the oscillations usually lie in the range from tens of kilohertz to tens of megahertz. At small above-threshold ratios, the shape of the oscillations is nearly sinusoidal. At larger ratios, the shape differs appreciably from sinusoidal. At still larger ratios, the oscillations become chaotic.

If Sweet did use the "difference frequency" conditioning, one suspects he may thus have been able to utilize larger above-threshold ratios, where the two frequencies actually transmitted would have resulted in chaotic oscillations. It is interesting to speculate that, in that case, for a suitably chosen barium ferrite magnet, the difference frequency still can behave sinusoidally, but now much stronger. If so, that might account for the tremendous COP Sweet attained in his second unit, which exhibited a COP = 1.5 x 106, and could be pushed even higher.

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  • Chilimanzar
    What is Vacuum triode?
    8 years ago

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