Using the Uncurled Apotential as a Linear Energy Current

A very simple equation allows utilizing the extra nonlocalized A-potential energy, even though it has no curl and therefore no magnetic B-field. That is cA!ct = - E. This equation means that, if one perturbs that large field-free A-potential outside the toroid, it produces an E-field, which we have argued must now be a longitudinal EM wave due to the perturbations ifthe B-confining operation is still imposed. By oscillating the A-potential perturbations, one produces an oscillating E-field that is also an oscillating longitudinal electric E-field wave without an accompanying B-field wave.

The oscillating B-fields in the core also produce E-fields proportional to dBldt = - E. These extra E-fields are in phase with the E-fields produced by the perturbed external A-potentials, considering the wavelength of the frequencies at which the MEG is operating (30 to 80 kHz nominally).

Interestingly, the time-oscillating rate of change of the E-field in this longitudinal E-field wave does produce a magnetic B-field, but it is confined to only the core material and not in the nonlocalized external spatial region because ofthe localization capability ofthe core material. The core simply changes its permeability and holds the additional B-fields and their flux in there, thus forming additional uncurled A-potential outside the core. The E-fields produced by variations of the core B-field flux is not confined, but freely passes out of the core material

If that B-field (curled A) is sharply localized by an ongoing localization capability, the longitudinal E-wave has its produced magnetic B-wave component stripped from it and localized. In that case, the process produces a purely longitudinal E-field wave outside the localization region — with thepossible exception that a longitudinal B(3) field wave component pioneered by Evans {485} may beproduced as well. That is left as an open question presently unresolved in our MEG experiments. We tentatively believe that the B(3) field wave component is infactproduced, but also forcibly localized in the core along with the magnetic field B. If so, its perturbations will also contribute to producing extra E-fields.

See Figure 7-5. In the MEG, the localization is accomplished as a unique function performed freely by the special nanocrystalline layered core material. So contrary to the case of the solenoid or toroid, one does not to have to "pay" any EM energy to the localizing component to obtain the localization function itself.

Actuator Coils

Actuator Coils

Motionless Electromagnetic Generator

Figure 7-5 Diagrammatic drawing of the MEG.

Finely layered nanocrystalline Core Material

Figure 7-5 Diagrammatic drawing of the MEG.

Further, if one deliberately uses a nearly rectangular perturbing pulse that has very sharp rise time and very sharp decay time, the nonlocalized E-fields, resulting localized secondary B-fields, and resulting nonlocalized secondary E-fields produced can be made very large, with rapid rates of change also. In other words, the magnitudes of the nonlocalized E-fields and localized B-fields produced can be adjusted at will, including in their higher orders. The magnitudes of these evoked fields do not depend on the magnitude of the input perturbation energy, but on its rate ofchange. This is very important, because it means the MEG permissibly achieves energy magnitude increase in its nonlocalized output E-field waves by simple instantaneous power deliberately prepared in its low-energy input perturbation waves.208 In short, the motionless electromagnetic generator uses perturbation of the Aharonov Bohm effect as an energy amplifying mechanism.

This also affects all the iterative processes, hence all the other E-field waves produced outside the core material.

With the localization process remaining and ongoing (simply because the core material remains), the B-field continues to be stripped away, leaving the perturbed A-potential to produce a longitudinal E-field wave (ignoring the possible presence of a B(3) field also). In the MEG transformer section, the output (secondary) coils are wound around the nanocrystalline core that performs a B-field and B-flux localization within the core itself. Hence a purely net E-field interaction occurs with the electrons in the secondary coils, and the output of these coils is an output having the output voltage in phase with the output current.209 The AC current in the secondary coils does in fact still produce magnetic field B-flux and B-waves in them, but the core material draws the extra B-flux and B-waves inside and localizes them within the core. The fact that localization is not quite 100% at the imperfect junctions of the ends of the permanent magnet and the core material, gives a tiny bit of leakage of

208 It also means that the MEG operation is highly nonlinear, with very extensive feedforward and feedback field transduction loops. For the MEG, its scale-up, mathematical modeling, and engineering simulation are not simple things at all, but highly complex. In addition, control and stability are more complex, since one must utilize nonlinear oscillation theory (including chaotic oscillation theory) as well as nonlinear oscillation control theory. In addition, a higher group symmetry electrodynamics is required for the modeling and simulation. Consequently, because of these considerations and the geometric phase aspects, as well as the additional close-looping considerations for self-powering operation, an expensive physics lab must be established as well as the usual electrodynamics laboratory aspects. The result is an expensive final research and development program required to complete the MEG to final production prototype units, ready to start rolling off the assembly lines. A minimum capitalization of $20 million is required.

209 In the actual lab experiment MEG, there is a slightly imperfect junction between the ends of the permanent magnet and the core material. This results in a very tiny bit of leakage of nonlocal B-field —just enough to produce a 2° phase shift between the voltage and current in the secondary coil's output. With a better junction, this phase shift can be further reduced or eliminated.

B-field, so a tiny B-field component does escape, interact, and generate the 2% or so variation from the complete in-phase condition of the secondary output voltage and current. Again, that can be further reduced or eliminated by improving the junction.

So essentially there is a purely electric field interaction with the electrons in the output coil current of the MEG, hence the result that the output current is in phase with the output voltage — something previously unheard of in a simple secondary coil of a transformer. This is a major practical macroscopic application of the Aharonov-Bohm effect and therefore of the geometric phase.

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