Complex Electron Drift Velocity

Drift Speed Copper Wire

The complete complex electron drift velocity model in a copper wire. FIGURE 23. The complete complex electron drift velocity model in a copper wire. If a copper wire is connected to a battery, an electric field E will be set up at every point within the wire. This field E will act on electrons and will give them a resultant motion. An electric current I is established if a net charge qCu passes through any cross sectional area A of the conductor in time t. The electric field that...

The Mutual Exclusion Principle

Marmet 2001 considers separately the influence of a gravitational potential upon matter, and assumes for the moment that kinetic energy is zero. He's implicitly invoking what I call the mutual exclusion principle, and therefore, considers kinetic energy and gravitational energy independently. The mutual exclusion principle is a tool used to compute the curvature or fluctuation of various parameters related to Gravimetric Energy systems. For Kinetic Energy systems, the following flux-based...