Biomass Fermentation

From high moisture content biomass a liquid manure biogas can be produced via methane fermentation. This gas contains high CO and CH4. Although it contains hardly any hydrogen, this gas can be used as a fuel for advanced high temperature fuel cells (MCFC), whereby methane reformation takes place directly at the electrode due to the high temperatures (~ 650°C). The fermentation process of biomass is commercially tested and available. The combination of the process for the production of hydrogen has not, as far as is known, been carried out so far. Only in connection with the molten carbonate fuel cell would such an option appear to be of interest, as this process offers high electricity generation efficiency with reduced plant complexity [96].

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