List Of Tables

Number Pages

2-1 Leakage properties of hydrogen and other fuels 6

2-2 Deflagration and detonation properties of hydrogen and other fuels 8

2-3 High pressure gas cylinder classification 19

2-4 Advantages and disadvantages of fuel cells 27

2-5 Road traffic populations in Germany [x 1000] 30

2-6 Distance travelled by vehicle types in Germany [in 109 veh. km] 31

2-7 Traffic accidents in Germany [x 1000] 31

2-8 Fuel usage of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles 33

2-9 Lists of hydrogen filling station by country and technology 34

2-10 Numbers of the German households (x 1000) 35

2-11 Energy carrier of household energy consumption in % 35

3-1 Most important capacities and dimensions of the GH2 storage 42

3-2 The most important capacity and dimension of the LH2 storage at depot 45

3-3 The most important capacity and dimension of the LH2 storage at H2 station 47

3-4 Most important capacities and dimensions of the LH2 storage in a car 50

3-5 The most important capacity and dimension of the LH2 storage at CHP Plant 54

3-6 Hydrogen truck delivery model for the study 55

3-7 Most important capacities and dimensions of the LH2 truck 57

3-8 Description of the hypothetical GH2 pipeline considered in the study 59

4-1 Guide words and their physical significance 63

4-2 Truck accident rates for California, Illinois, and Michigan 71

4-3 Failure rates of gas pipeline for different causes (/km-yr) 71

4-4 Failure size in gas pipeline by causes (in %) 71

4-5 Failure rates of gas pipeline by cause and size (/km-yr) for Europe 71

4-6 Ignition probability in the LPG Study of TNO for road transport 73

4-7 Conditional probabilities of spill for a transport truck accident 74

4-8 Conditional probabilities of immediate ignition for given a spill 74

4-9 Probability of hydrogen release used in the study 74

4-10 Thermal radiation imp act from jet fires 83

4-11 Explosion overpressure level and damage effects on structure 84

4-12 Hazardous explosion overpressure level 85

4-13 Summary historical data on damage to humans from air blast effects 86

4-14 Fatality probability for explosion used in the study 86

5-1 List of accident scenarios of GH2 storage at production lant 94

5-2 List of accident scenarios of the LH2 storage at depot 95

5-3 List of accident scenarios of the LH2 storage at filling station 95

5-4 List of accident scenarios of the LH2 storage at private car 96

5-5 List of accident scenarios of the LH2 storage at CHP plant 96

5-6 List of accident scenarios of the LH2 tanker truck 97

5-7 List of accident scenarios of the GH2 pipeline 97

5-8 Expected frequencies of the GH2 storage at production plant 99

5-9 Accident outcome frequencies of the GH2 storage at production plant 99

5-10 Expected frequencies of the LH2 storage at depot 100

5-11 Accident outcome frequencies of the LH2 storage at depot 100

5-12 Expected frequencies of the LH2 storage at filling station 101

5-13 Accident outcome frequencies of the LH2 Storage at filling station 101

5-14 Expected frequencies of the LH2 storage at CHP plant 102

5-15 Incident outcome frequencies of the LH2 Storage at the CHP plant 102

5-16 Road traffic accident rates for Germany 103

5-17 Annual distance each type of vehicles for Germany 104

5-18 Expected frequencies of the onboard LH2 storage in car 104

5-19 Accident outcome frequencies of the onboard LH2 storage in car 104

5-20 Expected release frequencies of the LH2 truck for given routes 105

5-21 Accident outcome frequencies of the LH2 Truck for given route 105

5-22 Reduction factors for failure rates for rupture and hole 106

5-23 Estimated failure rates of gh2 pipeline for rupture and hole [/km-yr] 106

5-24 Expected release frequency of the GH2 pipeline 106

5-25 Accident outcome frequencies of GH2 pipeline 106

5-26 Thermal impacts of jet fires for the hydrogen plants (Weather 1.5/F) 112

5-27 Thermal impacts levels of fireball for the hydrogen plants 113

5-28 Thermal impact of flash fire (LFL fraction) for the hydrogen plants 114

5-29 Early explosion impacts of the hydrogen objects 116

5-30 Late explosion impacts for considered hydrogen plants (Weather 1.5/F) 117

5-31 Analytical risk calculations of the fireball impacts to population 119

5-32 The overall risks of hydrogen filling station 119

5-33 Overall release frequencies of the hydrogen study objects 122

5-34 The total individual risk of the hydrogen study objects 124

5-35 Dimension and capacities of the LPG study objects 125

5-36 Expected Frequency of the LPG study objects considered 126

5-37 Accident outcome frequency of the LPG study objects 126

5-38 Qualitative assessment of the hydrogen and LPG consequences 126

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