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Here three discs are mounted on the shaft of a motor as shown here. These are insulated from each other and the conducting sectors are aligned, and so are the brushes. The arrangement gives a mechanical switching such that when the upper brushes are short-circuited together, the lower brushes are open-circuit. As there is a requirement for an inductive load for this circuit, the motor of a mechanical switching system could well form part of the load. Many people prefer solid-state switching to mechanical switching and so set out to design suitable circuits. It needs to be borne in mind that a very precise 50% Mark/Space ratio is essential and that may not be so easy to arrange. The common idea of using mechanical relays is not very practical. Firstly, relays have trouble switching at the speeds suggested for this circuit. Secondly, with a contact life of say, two million and a switching speed of just 100 times per second, the relays would reach their projected lifespan after two weeks of operation, which is not a very practical option.

To get an exact 50% Mark/Space ratio, possibly the following style of circuit could be used with a 10-turn preset resistor in position "A":

Toroid Generator Steven Mark Solid State

Here, the frequency is not noticeably affected by adjustment through a very wide range of Mark/Space settings. The output from Pin 3 needs to drive a very sharp switching combination such as a TC4420 FET driver connected to IRF540 FETs.

As the circuit diagram used by the Electrodyne Corp. people is a little difficult to follow, perhaps the following diagrams may help by showing the current flow during the two states:

How Daisy Chain Batteries Car

Here, batteries 1 and 2 are wired across each other while batteries 3 and 4 are wired in series (in a daisy-chain). This needs three On/Off switches and the two diodes are inserted so that the plus terminal of battery 1 is not permanently connected to the plus terminal of battery 2, because in State 2, that connection must not be made.

New Free Energy Devices

The State 2 wiring is almost identical, requiring another three On/Off switches and two diodes to avoid a permanent link between the plus terminals of batteries 3 and 4.

Here is a suggestion for doing that with PCP116 fast-operating opto-isolators:

Free Energy Device

Each of the three mechanical switches are replaced with a transistor - one PNP type and two NPN type. These need to be able to handle 30 amps, so although not shown here, they will probably be Darlington pairs with the low gain of the high-power transistor being boosted by the additional gain of a driver transistor, perhaps something like a 2N3055 / 2N2222A combination. The transistor base current comes via a limiting resistor fed from an appropriate battery terminal a fixed 12 volts above it. The switching is controlled via an opto-isolator and the three opto isolators which switch together (shown above) are driven from one side of an astable multivibrator. The other three opto-isolators needed to perform the switching for State 2, will be Off during State 1, so they will be driven by the inverted version of the same oscillator waveform. This ensures that three will be On and three will be Off at all times.

Free Energy From Transistor

The suggested transistor switching for the State 2 situation is shown above. This is just an attempt to perform the switching with the most simple components available, and has been shown to work in practice.

The mechanical changeover switch can be replaced with transistors:

2n3055 Transistor Switch The Electrodyne Corp

The Electrodyne Corp. experience indicates that it is likely that additional circuitry will be needed to cut off the extra power when the energy in the batteries rises to the point where it could endanger the equipment which it is powering or the components in the circuitry.

The electronics tutorial which forms part of this eBook shows the principles which can be used for the design and construction of this kind of circuitry. It might be sensible to have the control circuitry kick in at fourteen or fifteen volts and drop out again when the battery voltage drops back to 12.5 volts or so.

This switching circuit is said to be able to power its load indefinitely. It is also said that if one of the batteries is fully discharged, or nearly fully discharged, then putting it in any of the four positions returns it to full charge within one minute.

The connecting wires should be at least 30 Amp current carrying capacity and the individual diodes and the diode bridge are rated at 35 Amps 50 Volts. The circuit is intended for use with lead/acid batteries but it has been used successfully with rechargeable NiCad batteries. The circuit provides about 12 volts as the output, so mains equipment would be operated using a standard, commercial "inverter" which converts this low DC voltage to normal mains AC voltage capable of powering TV sets, DVD recorders, or whatever.

There have been various different versions of the Tesla 4-battery switch circuit. Some of these show additional diodes, making an absolutely symmetrical circuit where the current flow can continue even if the load is disconnected, as shown here:

Free Energy Devices

Bob Boyce's Electrolyser. Consider also, Bob Boyce's very effective electrolyser system, which achieves twelve times the efficiency that Faraday considered to be the maximum possible. Faraday was no fool and he performed very high-quality tests and experiments an a methodical way, making solid observations and drawing conclusions which were respected by his colleagues. Yet here we have Bob Boyce outperforming Faraday by a factor of twelve times. Was Faraday wrong? Probably not. Is Bob wrong? Definitely not. How come then that they appear to disagree?

Well, the Boyce system pulls in additional energy from the immediate environment by applying very high quality pulsing to a toroidal transformer wound with three very accurately positioned primaries and one very accurately wound secondary (full details of this are in Chapter 10). It also develops an oscillating magnetic field by using a hundred parallel, closely spaced steel plates. These magnetic oscillations enhance the process and place it outside the DC electrolysis which Faraday was examining. In passing, Shigeta Hasebe appears to get ten times the Faraday maximum on DC alone, but that is not the case as Shigeta uses strong permanent magnets to provide an additional energy input, so it is no longer strictly DC electrolysis as performed by Faraday.

The Boyce arrangement is like this:

The Boyce arrangement is like this:

Charles Flynn Oscillator Winding Plus

The output waveform from Bob Boyce's triple-oscillator board is sharpened up by the use of carefully chosen opto-isolators, and that output would almost certainly drive Dave Lawton's Meyer replication Water Fuel Cell. It would also be interesting to see if it has the same effect on battery recharging as the John Bedini pulse-charging circuits, as it is distinctly possible that it has. You will notice that Bob defeats the Faraday maximum output by careful construction of the electrolyser, plus one apparently simple electronics board and one apparently simple transformer. Again, these components call for very careful, high-quality construction as is common for most successful free-energy devices.

Serious warning needs to be given here. The combination of sharp pulsing and accurately wound toroid core composed of an iron powder matrix, draws in so much extra power from the environment that it is essential that it is only used with the electrolyser cell which is capable of soaking up excess energy surges. The extra energy drawn in is not always constant and surges can occur which can generate currents of 10,000 amps. It should be understood that this electrical current which we can measure is only the "losses" part of the real power surge which is in a form which we can't measure as we have no instruments which can measure it directly. Consequently, the actual environmental power surge is far, far in excess of this 10,000 amps. It is very important then, that the electronics board and toroidal transformer are NOT connected to other equipment "to see what will happen". Even more important is not to arrange a pulsed, rotating magnetic field in the toroid by sequential pulsing of coils spaced around the toroid. These arrangements can generate power surges so great that the excess power not soaked up by the circuit (especially after it's instantaneous burn-out) is liable to form the ground-leader of a lightning strike. Bob experimented with this and was hit by a direct lightning strike. He was very lucky to survive being hit and he now works in a workshop which has metal walls and roof, and lightning grounding at each corner of the building, plus a separate ground for the equipment inside the building. A device like this is not a toy, and it demonstrates the incredible level of free-energy which can be tapped by quite simple devices if you know what you are doing.

Steven Mark's Toroidal Power Unit. Fairly recently, Steven Mark placed a video of a self-powered, circular coil device on YouTube. This device was demonstrated powering both itself and a 100 watt light bulb. If the video is still in place, then you can see it at

It has been said that Steven has sold the rights to his design and the building details have not been disclosed publicly. A number of attempts to replicate Steven's device are being made at the present time, one of the best know is at the,2535.0.html forum where interesting tests have been run on a variety of alternative constructions, mainly based on coils placed around a central Mobius loop. A Mobius loop is an arrangement where a wire loop has no starting point or ending point. The following diagram attempts to show how this is done, using a small inner loop inside a larger outer loop. In actual practice, the two loops are almost identical in size:

Mosfet Tpu Jpg

At the time of writing, although development work is continuing, nobody has replicated Steven's TPU. The forum strategy is to place three coils around the Mobius loop and experiment with powering those coils with different forms of pulsed signals at different frequencies. The arrangement is like this:

Free Energy

This is getting very close to Bob Boyce's toroidal transformer system which picks up substantial amounts of excess power from the environment. Instead of using a Mobius loop, Bob uses a powdered-iron toroidal core, wrapped with the secondary winding around the whole of it's length:

a Primary winding around the whole of the circumference


Then, on top of the secondary winding, three equally-spaced primary windings are wound on top of the secondary, and driven by electronics which is positioned inside the toroid as that is the place least affected by the magnetic fields produced by the system:

Toroid Generator

Primary winding


Primary winding


Let me stress again, that a toroidal core like these ones is potentially very dangerous, especially when pulsed with a high-frequency rotating magnetic field. An arrangement like that taps into the zero-point energy field which has unlimited power and power surges are liable to occur. Bob Boyce states that it is perfectly possible to get power surges of 10,000 amps which will not only burn out the equipment, but can also trigger a lightning strike directly at the equipment, and you, standing beside it. Bob was hit by a strike of this nature and you should remember that Nikola Tesla burnt out a whole power station when the input from the zero-point energy field exceeded the station's capacity by a major factor. These things are not toys, and the power which is being tapped, is literally unlimited.

Recently, Sterling Allan interviewed Jack Durban - see some of the details at Sterling's web site: Durban's experience with Steve Marks Toroid Generator and Jack made several statements about the Steven Mark device. You need to make up your own mind about how reliable the information coming from Jack actually is. Jack states that he has a "photographic memory" and yet he is unable to remember the number of an important patent which he had recently discussed with Sterling and unable to remember important details shown in his high-resolution video of Steven's device operating. I know of no way of reconciling those statements, and that raises concerns for me personally. Jack also makes wholly unsupported and unnecessary allegations about the character and abilities of Steven which raises further doubts about the reasons for, and accuracy of the statements made. However, it seems necessary to note these statements, some of which are as follows:

According to Jack, the device was not invented by Steven and he suspects it was based on Tesla's patent No. 381,970 "System of Electrical Distribution":

Jack also says that no patent was ever filed on Steven's device and so long has now elapsed since public disclosure of the device, that it can no longer be patented. All the components were bought from Radio Shack, the shape is supposedly not important and was just made as a toroid because it was easy to wind that shape. He also says that it, and all replication attempts, get warm after a couple of minutes of use, but nineteen to twenty minutes into the operation, exponential thermal runaway takes place, causing the device to shut down completely. He also says that the device vibrated when in use although it contained no moving parts and there was no electronic circuitry used. Please remember that I am unsure of the reliability of these

According to Jack, the device was not invented by Steven and he suspects it was based on Tesla's patent No. 381,970 "System of Electrical Distribution":

Tesla Anti Gravity Device

additional comments.

Here is the Tesla patent mentioned, and which is being examined in detail on Stefan Hartmann's forum mentioned above:

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