B) Tho popular conception of electro-magnotic energy transnission as it exists today is; energy is transaittod through the interior of the conductor material. that is, electricity flows through wires like water flows through pipes. This transmission is said to involve tho flow of charged sub-atomic particles called electrons.

According to this theory the materials possessing tho most "free electrons" serve as the best conductors of electro-magnetic energy. Conversely, the materials possessing the least "free electrons" serve as the poorest conductors of electro-magnetic energy. These materials are called insulators. Insulators are said to block the passage of electricity.

The conclusion drawn is that electricity is the flow of electrons and that the space outside of the conductor material is empty and dead. It follows that a superconductor is that material which offers no opposition to the flow of electrons and hence no opposition to the flow of electricity. Conversely, free space devoid of matter offers total opposition to tho flow of electricity. Nothing could be further from the truth, yet this is the concept of electricity propounded by the scientist of today.

The real actions of tho conducting material presents itself when it is in tho so-called superconducting stato. If a section of a superconducting material is suspended in space, free to move, and a magnetic field of induction is made to approach this material, it is found that the material is repelled by the approach of tho field. If the material is indeed superconducting it will maintain a dofinite distance, 1, for an indefinite period of time t—^ OO. from tho source of magnotic induction. Any tendency for the material to sink into tho magnetic field, 1—^ 0, indicatos tho material is not perfectly superconducting but has a finite resistance R-

It may bo concluded that tho so-called conducting mater i al does not so much conduct as it does rope 1 or refloct magnetism, or oloctro-magnotic energy in general.


If an electric circuit is conveying electro-magnetic energy as previously discussed it is found that a force or pressure is exerted upon the circuit material. * This pressure tends to repel opposing parts of the circuit material and cause the circuit to expand. The quantity of this pressure in the space bounded by the circuit is called the magnetomotive force of the circuit.

It can therefore be seen that the conducting materials serve as the walls of a container holding magnetic pressure. If the conducting material is in the so-called superconducting state and the ends of the circuit are shorted the electric circuit will hold this magneto-motive pressure indefinitely, in analogy with compressed air stored in a tank. In order for this to be the result of electron flow requires that this flow be in perpetual motion, an unlikely proposition.

It may be concluded that materials called electric conductors might best be called electric obstructors and serve not to conduct electro-magnetism but serve to reflect it back on itself. The flow of electro-magnetism is conducted by the aethereous space bound by the obstructing material.

The character of this aethereous space is represented by its inductance L and its capacitance C. Since pure space is considered a perfect insulator by atomic theory is it not ironic that it offers the least resistance to the flow of electro-magnetism? It is then the insulators that are the true conductors of electricity.



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