This is a research device, Capacitor and diode ratings depend on the voltage input vs what size coil wire used and # of winds. If you use a coil that is wound several thousands of times with number 38 or 36 copper coated wire, you are going to need to use voltages from 1000 to 3,500 vdc input. The back emf will be great. # 38 wire is hair thin and hard to wind but it is the best to use for a PVC air core type magnet.
2000 - 3,500 vdc input for air cores 120 to 600 volts for iron cores.
Switch represents the On / Off Commutator and brushes
Using # 36 or 32 copper coated wire is much easier to work with. Make several coils out of old transformer iron cores. You will need to do a little cutting. This will be a great learning experience for you when you go to build a larger unit. Make one coil with #18 copper coated wire which should come out to be about 90 to 100 turns, you will notice that free energy can be collected but the coil and commutators run hot, heat loss = energy loss.
# 18 wire will take voltages from 12 to 24 vdc. #38 wire will take voltages from 200 to 3,500 vdc. And will run very cool and use very little amperage from your DC power supply, use a 12 vdc battery with a small 100 watt dc to ac inverter.
Output to load or back to battery
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It seems like the efforts to find the best alternative energy sources are seriously being looked into by lots of countries including most US cities. One proof is the signing of the Kyoto Treaty. The main aim of the concerned group and individuals is to lessen the greenhouse gases and pollutants.