Solar Cell

Similar to the Copper Chlorine Cells. We have found that if you use Conductive Nickle Faint you will get far better results. But start out using the screen mesh or the aluminum wire. You can buy Nickle Faint on the internet. Simply search for " Nickle Faint suppliers " on your search engine. You can do the same for finding thin copper sheeting. There is also a company in Louisville KY, that sells copper sheeting, see Conner Manufacturing 18th st. Louisville, KY (502)-587-1387 Or Vendome Copper & Brass 729 Franklin St. Louisville, KY 40202 (502) -587-1930

How Make Copper Solar Cell

Warning: You build at your own risk!

Creative Science & Research PO BOX 557 New Albany,

Copyright 2003

47150

Solar Cell Home Made

The fabrication of a Modern solar cell is very complicated and a delicate process. In most cases, a large silicon ingot is grown from a small crystal in an extremely clean and sterile environment. Any dust or particle contamination even down to the atomic level during the growing process can completely ruin the ingot. Impurities must typically be kept to one part per billion.

The growing process itself is slow, and the very pure materials required are extremely costly. Because of this, a single ingot which is later sliced into thin cells approximately 0.05 centimeters thick often costs thousands of dollars to produce.

This fact coupled with the general inefficiency (7-14 typically) of even these modem cells has kept the price of photoelectric cells too high to be competitive with other sources of power.

Someday, lower cost production techniques together with higher efficiency will make widespread use of clean, renewable solar energy possible. Someday solar cells will be a very common Source of energy, the idea of deriving electricity directly from sunlight will continue to excite the inventor and experimenter.

It is well known that if even 1 of the Sahara desert were covered with the solar cells just described, it would more than supply our worlds current energy needs. We will briefly outline some of the processes and materials that are now being researched for converting the use of solar energy into electricity.

You should have no trouble building the cells that will be described in the following pages. Be cautious. Use good judgement and common sense in handling the chemicals and heating processes described. You'll find that a simple solar cell can be constructed by a persistent student, Solar cells that can make outstanding science fair projects.

The electrical output from the homemade copper cells in this article will be well below that of modern commercial cells, but the materials cost is also very low. Often a cell can be literally produced for pennies! The loss in efficiency is probably more than made up in the reduction of their price.

But again the Screen printed solar cells are far more power-full than the copper type solar cells.

COPPER SOLAR CELLS

A small, carefully made solar cell of approximately 2 1/2" diameter will produce around 5 milliamperes of current in direct sunlight. This is enough to drive a sensitive light meter or extremely sensitive relay. Banks of these cells have even been used to run small electric motors.

Experiment with the procedures described. You may stumble onto a method of producing even more efficient cells than we have. Just be sure to be very careful. The chemicals described can be dangerous if abused or mishandled. You build at your own risk! There are an estimated 80 trillion kilowatts of solar electrical energy available in the northern hemisphere.

Many Different types of Chemicals Have Photoelectric Properties!

There are a number of elements and chemical compounds that can be used to produce photoelectric power. They include titanium, selenium, thorium, cuprous oxide, and metals of the alkali group including sodium, potassium, rubidium, lithium, cesium and francium.

The two best substances for a homemade cells are, selenium and cuprous oxide.

An example of a complete Free Energy System, Using Solar cells in series and parallel to charge 12 volt deep cycle batteries, which in turn runs our 5,000 watt inverter to run your home on 120 vac x 60 Hz. We recommend replacing the solar panels with our Fuel less Engine connected to a 12 volt car alternator to keep up batteries. The lawn mower motor we use as a back up.

To outside air, Hydrogen gas outlet. PVC pipe.

Solar Panel

120 VDC wall outlet

Breaker box with 120 VDC meter

YOU MUST HAVE AN ON/OFF BREAKER BOX YOU CAN USE A 120 Vac HOUSE TYPE

65"

DANGER

High Voltage

120 volts DC

Invertei 120 volt

65"

SIDE VIEW

USE PVC GREY PIPE

1 20VDC

CAR ALTERNATOR or use a AC generator w/diode and change to 120vDC

To outside air, Hydrogen gas outlet. PVC pipe.

DANGER

High Voltage

120 volts DC

1 20VDC

CAR ALTERNATOR or use a AC generator w/diode and change to 120vDC

Home Made Generador

Invertei 120 volt

Use the options that fit you.

DANGER HIGHLY EXPLOSIVE

Hydrogen / oxygen

See our Fuel from water plans or use our Fuel less Engine.

Solar is not a good choice!

Use the options that fit you.

DANGER HIGHLY EXPLOSIVE

Hydrogen / oxygen

WATER

See our Fuel from water plans or use our Fuel less Engine.

Fuelless Motor Plans

Charging system: charge for 2 to 3 hrs per day!

120 VAC OUTSIDE OR INDOOR BREAKER BOX

5,000 WATT INVERTER

1 20 vac x 60 hz modified or pure sine wave.

120 VAC OUTSIDE OR INDOOR BREAKER BOX

Home Made Hydrogen Fuel Cell
Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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