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BACKGROUND '

I(Ul'ji. lui allri ual> s «r u- .;•, ¡., any generator Ik-Io;c ¡'«xj I he ;, ihunLl's in:

high reliability (nil the) wore slightly i-irgri thai: oliivi generators iiiul output unidirectional pulses. As a rcsuii they lost out to other generators except in sj>ecial applications. Later the flux switch alternator replaced the inductor alternator as the flux switch alternator outputs AC and since all AC coils and DC coils were uscU lu ice as much, the Mux switch alternator output four times more than inductor alternator, all else being equal

Simple inductor alternators liad four legs with AC and DC coils wound on each leg and a lour lobed steel rotor. The llux switch alternator simply wound these same coils between the lour legs instead of on trie legs and cut two opposite lobes from l/ie steel rotor. Since-only steel rotates with a conservative force, wnat could require four limes more input torque lo the flu* .switch alternator?

Becausc of sags, glitches, brownouts, blackouts ami other surprises from electric jxiwer systems many large electronic systems including computers now use a rno-torgeneruior (M-G) for buck-up or emergency power. Few motors or generators are individually over 95 per cent efficient so when their shafts are mechanically coupled, the overall efficiency of an M-G with separate motors and generators is seldom over 90 percent ell 1 -cient.

It is commonplace to teach Ihe output of a general,>t is equal lo the mechanical input [>ower minus the losses It is also known from L.enz's ¡aw ^bui seldom taught) j generator that is 95 pet cent efficient consumes 95 |>ci cent of the input to overcome torque due to interna« forces and 5 j>crcent goes to losses. The rotors of inos! of today's generators are repelled as they approach a stator and arc atiractcd back by the stator as soon a.s the rotoi passes the stator in accordance with Lcru's law I hus, most rotors face constant nonconservaiive work forces and therefore, present generators require con slant input torque.

Therefore, u is an object of this invention to provide a more compact motor generator

It is also an objective of this invention to bias all steel above ground by attaching this steel to the positive terminal of a power supply or battery and grounding the negative terminal to bleed off or gound most free electrons to decrease losses from unwanted induced currents. This will also decrease losses in any other motor, generator or transformer with armatures.

It is further an objective of this invention lo make a more compact and far more-efficient motor generator by unitization.

It is yet another objective of this invention to lake advantage of a conservative no work force demonstrated by a simple damped oscillator consisting of a steel ball bearing released ofT center on a button permanent magnet with magnetic poles on the flat surfaces.

According to this invention, the legs or the rotor of a flux switch alternator are provided with motor windings. The steel rotor of the unitized flux switch alternator actually aids the input torgue for half of each rotation as the rotor is always attracted and never repelled. This construction makes it possible for some of the current or power fed to the motor windings to magnetically feed through a solid magnetic puth to the AC output windings which does not occur in today's M-Gs as they are only mechanically coupled by their shaft* and have no common magnetic path to share.

From basic electronic technology we learn a charged condensor has few free or conduction electrons on the positive plate and an excess of free electrons on the negative or grounded plate. Since steel armatures are conductors, there has been considerable effort expended in materials research to increase resistance to conduction electrons in armature materials lo thereby reduce hysteresis and eddy current damping losses. Another more common approach is to laminate or powder these armatures. Accordingly, a further feature of the invention, the reduction in hysteresis and eddy current damping losses.

United States Patent

Kcklin

--( ^SriUAJT

United Slates Patent cw

Alexander in] 3,913,004 145) Oct* 14, 1975

|54) METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR

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