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I Inventors ] flock to e exposition

Yoshlro Nakamatsu holds his Enerex, a device he claims will ©nable automobiles to run on plain tap water instead of gasoline, \n Monroeville, Pa., on Thursday.

§ MONROE VLLLE, Pa. (AP) -rH if necessity is the mother of in-^ vention, is silliness the father? ^ One might think that, based on >< some of the gizmos and gadgets s on display Thursday when a con-

1 vention to market inventions got j under way.

^ Among the items: a portable - fire escape that can be anchored u inside a window in a burning $ high-rise, a trap designed to lure tn fleas off the caq>ot and a device c to repel mosquitoes with sound jj waves.

^ Also displayed: a plastic gun ^ that clears clogged drains with a j blast of compressed air, a sanded laden trash can that won't tip ^ over, and golf shoes with playing ^ tips stitched across the toes, g Would you believe a zipper tie?

Promoters and inventors from

2 around the world showed off 2 their creations at the

Monroe vilie Expo Mart in suburban Pittsburgh, seeking investors and marketers.

The start of the three-day exhibition marked the unveiling of the engine »created by Yoshiro Nakamatsu, who became known as the "Edison of Japan" after inventing the computer floppy disk and the digital watch.

Nakamatsu said his pollution-free engine, called Enerex, runs on tap water alone and can c reate three times as much power as a standard gasoline engine.

"It will generate electricity for any purpose,'' he said. "Petroleum will exhaust in KM)


He said he plans to modify the engine and build a special velii-cle powered by it.

Nakamatsu displayed some of his other inventions, including packages of "brain food," which he said contains "good elements" to encourage clear thinking. The snack food, which tastes lik^ seaweed, is sold in


Nakamatsu, 62, said listening to Beethoven's Fifth Symphony and swimming have helped him maintain the creativity that has enabled him to obtain more than 2,000 patents in the United States and Japan.

"My best place lo create mven-tioas is under the wMer," lie said. "So I swim every' day."

Miracle No-Fuel Electric Engine Can Save U.S. Public $35 Billion a Year in Gasoline Bills

BY TOM VALENTINE (Second of Two Articles) An inventor and his small but stubborn team of engineers have devised the most revolutionary technological advance in the history of mankind: A power source that uses no fuel.

As reported exclusively last week in TATTLER, the astonishing new system creates electricity without consuming the world's dwindling supply of fossil fuel, without creating pollution and without using costly and unsightly transmission lines.

THIS IS THE 'EMÂ' which can run perpetually on batteries that recharge themselves, develop 1,000 horsepower per into the air - but the magnet rc-

By TOM VALENTINE Copyright 1972 The National Tattler (First of a series)

A CALIFORNIA INVENTOR has found a way to create limitless electric power without using up fuel — potentially the greatest discovery in the history of mankind.

Edwin Gray Sr., 48, has fashioned working devices that could:

•Power every auto, train, truck, boat and plane that moves in this land - perpetually.

Warm, cool and service every American home — without erecting a single transmission line.

•Feed limitless energy into the nation's mighty industrial system - forever.

•And do it all without creating a single iota of pollution.

Already, the jovial, self-educated Gray is forcing scientists to uproot their most cherished beliefs about the nature of electro-magnetism.

Eventually, his discovery will transform the economic base upon which the society of the entire planet has rested up to this point.

Despite the ever-present danger from the petroleum and other power giants who face business extinction within the decade because of his invention. Gray and his associates in EvGray Enterprises have demonstrated its worth publicly — an act requiring great courage.

And TATTLER is proud to report for the first time in America the complete nature of Gray's astounding system,

Edwin Gray Sr.

The key men at EvGray include mained cold.

"The amazing thing," Hacken-berger said, "is that only 1 per cent of the energy was used — 99 per cent went back into the battery.

GRAY EXPLAINED, "The battery can last for a long time, because most of the energy returns to it. The secret to this is in the capacitors and in being able to split the positive."

When Gray said "split the positive" the faces of two knowledgeable physicists screwed up in bewilderment.

(Normally, electricity consists of positive and negative particles. But Gray's system is capable of using one or the other separately and effectively.)

"He means we have to rewrite the physics textbooks," Hacken-berger grinned. It has been the engineer's job in recent month to formulate Gray's system and put it in writing.

"That's not an easy task because this system actually defies everything I've ever learned."

Gray said, "I never had no schooling in electronics or physics, so nobody told me it was impossible."

THE "IMPOSSIBLE" part of the demonstration was the lack of heat generated in the magnet. Heat is one of the biggest problems faced by electrical technology. Also "Impossible" is the fact that only the "positive" nature of the en ergy was used.

Displaying the kind of open Richard B.'Hackenbcrger," as elcc- GravI5a£8"iinBftfE"

honesty that made Americagreat tronics engineer who formerly ^ Pf American techbology

Gray and his partners stess the fact worked for Sony and Sylvan la cor- __________.„•,. ,,______?,„

that they want the whole world to porations and the U.S. Navy; and ^Lt^d^^e "

benefit from their new technology. Fritz Lens, a former Volkswagen A .,___jX^c . >,_ u

"I WON'T ALLOW it to be mechanic who knows nearly as ^^jt^TL^iS u^

bought up and buried bybig money nrnch about the fantastic electrical y { d ^ ^temorumted interests, Gray told TATTLER dur- system as Gray. ^^ v ing the exclusive demonstration. All the corporate officers agreed ___, ____.____

"I tried for 10 years to get that they are determined to get maB^s aD«S^or the nasi ll

American interests to pay some at- around the money roadblocks and__•.£... . P .

tention but I've been tossed out of bestow the discovery upon the Sfffi^

more placcs than most people ever world.

think oPf going into." ^ TATTLER was given a thor- Zfcto TATTLER

Neither government agencies ough demonstration of Gray's ""T®', *

nor private enterprise would listen to "impossible but-true" methods for ?f ^ J "^T •

Gray, so he turned in frustration to usbg electricity. II wf hcx*cf uP„to a P™

foreign interests. The innovative THE FIRST demonstration of his capacitors which in mm were

Japanese were eager to listen. proved that Gray uses a totally dif- ^ol^up toapand oicrtcts

"AS SOON AS word got out fa«*Torm of electrical current - a £

tliat the Japanese were interested in powerful, but "cold" form of the en- "TT " „JTa!* ,7

what we're doing, the Americans £gy. pacitor,. He ^ntrtugged msixl5-

started flocking around." A six-volt car battery rested on

Today, tte small shop facility a table. Lead wires ran from the bat- COrdsf "^l^T^tt t?1™"

in_ is crawling with visitors tery to a series of capacitors which rltvS

from every segment of U.S. indus- are the key to Gray's diSbo^y. Tl.

try and finance. complete system was wired to two ^ /. "

"The big money boys from elec^o-ma^nets. each weighing a 0x5 sma11 battcry was 1101 dls"

1 Streftt started enminp urmiTvl " pound and a quarter. -- -

Gray dropped it into a cylinder filled with water.

"What would be happening if this was getting ordinary power right now?" Gray asked, as he stuck his hand in the water with the glowing light bulb.

"You'd be electrocuted and that thing would be popping and sputtering until the fuses blew," Wood replied.

This reporter then put his finger into the water with the light - no shock.

"Gentlemen, this is a new manifestation of electricity," Hackenber-ger said.

THE ENGINEER told the astounded onlookers that no laws of physics were being violated, but a new application of electricity has been discovered and put to work.

Gray, one of 14 children, comes from Washington, D.C. As a small boy, he was fascinated by electricity, magnets and gadgets in general.

"1 really got excited about electricity when they tested the first radar across the Potomac in 1954. I was 11 years old then and visions of Buck Rogers danced in my head."

He learned about radar during his World War II hitch in the Navy and "I've been messing around with coils and capacitors ever since."

HE LEARNED to "split the positive" in 1958 and spent the next dozen years finding ways to put his discovery to work.

Any abbreviated explanation of Gray's system is an oversimplification of the technical aspects of this tremendous breakthrough, but some of the best minds in the U.S. are now working with Gray to further improve his discovery.

Gray held the 40-watt bulb up out of the water and said: "You know to light this bulb takes millions of dollars in power plant facilities, transmission lines and circuitry. With my capacitors, I can provide power to any home for a couple hundred dollars."

The economic impact of that statement is beyond the imagination — not to mention the ecology and anti-pollution benefits.

NEXT WEEK: Electromagnetic automobile engine.


Wall Street started coming around," Gray said, with a touch of defiance in his tone. those two magnets with juice from .. „ ~ - .,

"A bunch of them came in and that battery and make them do what ordin^ circumstances. Gray said, suggested I file bankruptcy and get I'm going to make them do, you rid of all my backers and friends, would drain the battery in 30 min- *v,® sccn.'. , XV

Tlien they talked about giving me 20 utes and the magnets would get ex- , ^¿i r-PrCSld?nt °f M

million shares of a new corporation tremely hot," Gray explained. "I loch Oil C^oration, who was aho at $25 a share." P want you to watch what happens." F=«nt atthe dem^trat.oiL I-Ie be-

Gray was being offered a deal As Lens activated the lottery, a f™ ar°Jfd for ^^ out"

worth more than $4 billion--on pa- voltmeter gradually rose to 3,000 if Tddavd j per. volts. At that point. Gray closed a 1 PR°\E r

"THAT SURE sounded rich, switch and there wa^ a laid popping &om any wall plug? Gray of-

but I know dam well they would sound. The top magnet hurled into CrC . ,, , have fixed it up to sell that corpora- the air with tremendous forcc and . . A 40Ta llghtvbul.b scrcw*<*

tion off somewhere for a dollar and was caught by Hackcnbcrger. A ter- mt° "" "tCM1?n sockc^

leave me holding 20 million shares rific jolt of electricity had propelled ^as Plugged mto thejanel powered of nothing." the tip magnet more than tvTfect by Gray s system. The bulb lit, then

The first and most vital outcome of the theory that is forcing the science of physics to revise its fundamental assumptions is the "EMA" electric engine — a power plant that dooms noisy, dirty gasoline motors.

That means that the nation would no longer have to consume' expensive and befouling gasoline. According to figures from tlie American Petroleum Institute, the anticipated consumption this year is 100 billion gallons, at least $35 billion worth at the pump.

Invented by Edwin Gray Sr., 48, of the engine has been tested and is being perfected by him and his associates in EvGray Entcrpris-

The silent, pollution-free EMA recycles its own energy and can run indefinitely.

Gray's prototype is powered by four six-volt batteries which "will wear out before they'll run down," as the inventor puts it.

"WE CAN GO up to 1,000 horsepower with a single unit, or down to a miniature toy size."

The latter units, in fact, will be among the first products EvGray manufactures. They'll run off a tiny battery unit


Gray and his engineers, Richard Hackenberger and Fritz Lens, explained to TATTLER that they have found a way to use both tlie positive and negative particles of electricity separately.

The technicians demonstrated for this reporter the phenomenon of electromagnetic repulsion - the power source for the EMA.

TWO MAGNETS, each weighing 1 3/4 pounds were repelled apart with an explosive force, but the magnets did not heat up and 99 per cent of the energy recycled to the battery.

Hackcnbcrger, an electronics specialist, explained: "A series of high-voltage energy 'spikes' are developed by our circuiltry. These energy units are transferred to a control unit, which acts much like a distributor in an internal combustion engine."

The control unit is the key to the motor's efficiency. It regulates the energy spikes to determine the polarity (north or south) and directs the voltage into selected electromagnets in the main unit

"Every time a magnet is charged, most of the energy is recycled back into the batteries without losing power," Hackenberger said.

THE EMA has been tested thoroughly. Its efficiency is undisputed.

"Engineers and physicists who sec it operate liave a hard time believing their eyes," ^¡ray said. "One professor from UCLA insisted we had some sort of laser beam running it, and even though we moved it from room to room, he wouldn't believe it."

While the motor was running, Gray spun it around in a complete circle to demonstrate that it operated at any position.

The experimental model engine is 42 inches long, 18 inches wide and 22 inches high about the size of a standard six-cylinder motor.

IT TURNED better than 2,500 revolutions per minute for more than 20 minutes. The power input came from the four six-volt batteries. At the end of the trial they were tested and found to be as fully charged as they were at the beginning.

It generated 100 horsepower and 66 pounds of constant torque. The brake horsepower tests out at 32.06.

The motor has only two bearings which require lubrication, so maintenance costs will be minimal; it operates at a maximum temperature of about 170 degrees and is coolcd by compressed air.

It started with the flick of a switch. It can be accelerated or allowed by any mechanical device which programs the control unit. This means the customary foot pedal could be used for driving purpose -

Modified Kure-Tekko Unit, With Top Magnetic Spinner

The Japanese Kure Tekko permanent magnet motor is based on utilizing a uniform spiral magnetic sta-tor which forces a magnetic wheel or rotor to revolve from a high repulsion potential to a lower magnetic repulsion potential, as indicated in the photos below.

From a minimum entrance (starting) gap of about 1/4", the rotor magnets seek to revolve the rotor from the high repulsion zone to a far lower repulsion zone at the 1-1/4" exit gap, as indicated in the photos.

The original Kure Tekko unit called for an electromagnet at the top of the unit to force the (single) rotor magnet into the small air gap, but there are operational problems involved in this method. The iron core of the electromagnet is attracted to the rotor magnet, so that the electromagnet must produce a higher-than-normal repulsion force to overcome this magnet-to-iron attraction.

In this present design, an attraction spinner, at the top of the unit revolves independently of the main rotor to attract each of the rotor magnets and drives them into small air gap to start each rotational cycle.

The attraction magnetic spinner is revolved by a small 12 volt D.C. motor, which is powered by a 12 volt NiCad battery pack, and revolves at its own natural speed rate, as indicated in the photos below.

The Kure Tekko design presents an attractive configuration which offers several possibilities for operational improvements, including multi-function and over-unity output performance.

To the best of our knowledge, this present magnetic motor prototype is the first operational Kure Tekko type unit, outside of Japan.

E-Z Easy Rotor Loading Arrangement with (Hinged Trunnion-Half)

Although this prototype unit does operate continuously at about 60 rpm for the main rotor, it cannot be considered as a totally successful application of the K-T magnetic sta-tor spiral, since the major portion of the rotor's torque is provided by the top attraction spinner which "pulls" the rotor magnets successively into the small air gap to start each of the rotor's rotational cycles.

While not being a fully successful application of the original Kure

Tekko magnetic motor concept, the smooth and continuous rotation of the rotor does indicate that such an arrangement can be considerably improved, especially when the present ceramic, Ba-Fe permanent magnets are replaced with NIB (neody-mium-iron-boron) permanent magnets.

Another design feature in this present prototype is the successively increasing spacing (gap) between each of the permanent magnets in the K-T spiral which reduces the natural coercivity factor between each of the adjacent magnets. This uniformly increasing space between each of the K-T spiral magnets also contributes to the magnet repulsion differential which the rotor magnets are exposed to.

The original concept behind the Kure Tekko magnetic motor, sometimes referred to as the "Magnetic Wankel" is well founded since it was based on attempting to improve the drive motor to make electric cars successful rather than to wait for improvements in electric batteries. Improvements in electric batteries have become somewhat like the weather, battery engineers talk a lot about it, but nothing ever changes, probably due to the negative economics of such improvements.

In the original Kure Tekko magnetic motor design, a single rotor samarium-cobalt magnet was utilized which was a basic design deficiency. There is no valid reason why multiple, and an equal number of rotor magnets, cannot be employed to provide rotational balance plus improved output torque for this type of unit, as in this present design prototype.

Although at a first review, the use of a free-running attraction spinner may not appear to be efficient, it should be pointed out that this minimizes friction to two rotational points alone, with no interconnecting belt or gear drives between the two rotating components. Attempts have been made to use magnetic ram and crank drives to force the rotor magnets into the small air gap, without any success, so have been abandoned. These mechanical drives entailed some friction which handicapped this method.

A Pre-Tesla Tesla Coil by Jerry L Ziegler reached high enough values there would be a spontaneous discharge of the plates, the sparking of which showed the divine light and life of the deity.

Often the electrical fields were not strong enough to make an observable electrical flame. For instance, if a pole were erected, this might increase the conduction of charges through its top, but not enough to ionize the air so as to have an observable electric light. In order to detect this invisible current, a priest constructed a special topless box for the pole to sit in.

My hypothesis is that in ancient times the sun was more active, spewing out many more particles in its solar wind. This caused higher electric fields on the earth which gave way on certain occasions to electrical point discharges which were especially noticeable on mountain tops. This point discharging became strong enough to produce what we call St. Elmo's fire today. These phosphorescent, dancing flames were enhanced to the point of becoming a wonder and the basis of ancient religions.

To draw down the fire of God a sacrificial pyre was made to help ionize the air, thus causing a more conductive column for the electrical charges to travel down from the skies. One might simply erect a tall pole to effect the same thing. When the prophet poured water around his altar, it helped bring the divine fire. If one lived on a flat oasis or plain, one could erect a pointed mountain, that is, a pyramid to seek the divine light.

This box had metallic surfaces on the inside and out with a layer between made of an electrical resistive (dielectric) type material. In the Ark of the Covenant the two metallic plates were gold; the center layer was called shittum wood—essentially it was a Leyden jar. The pole naturally attracted charges which ended up on the inside layer of the capacitor, the opposite charge filling the outer layer.

One could detect the charged capacitor by touching the two metallic plates at once and receiving the shock. Two figures, cherubim, stood above the Ark box, one connected with the outer and one with the inner layer of the box, to use for detecting the voltages. These figures could be adjusted so that only a small gap existed between them. When the voltages

Especially at the end of the era this divine life was weakening and needed doctoring so that the discharging would be longer, giving more divine light. To facilitate this the cherubims were replaced. A wire was connected to the outer layer and brought to the Ark pole and then made to circle upwards around it in a helical shape.

At its end a narrow gap was put between the wire and the Ark pole for the discharge. To make this the more terrifying the wire was shaped as a snake. The coiled snake thus gave the whole system more inductance so that the sparking was more pronounced. In another form a snake comes from each of the two metallic surfaces, both coiling upward with a small gap between them at the top for the discharge. Both forms gave the divine life and both shapes have been used as symbols of the medical profession since early times.

Fig. 1. The gravitation irul-lifier is shown in this illustration. The quartz crystal may be seen supporting a 55-pound weight. Dr. Kowsky is shown in a top coat because of the temperature at which the experiments were performed.

Gravitations Motor

Fig. 3. This shows how the quartz crystal lost weight when subjected to the high frequency current. The original crystal was balanced on the scale.

ALTHOUGH some remarkable achievements have been made with shortwave low power transmitters, radio experts and amateurs have recently decided ihat short-wave transmission had reached its ultimate and that 110 vital improvement would be made in this line. A short time ago, however, two young European experimenters working with ultra short-waves, have made a discovery that promises to be of primary importance to the scientific world.

The discovery was made about six weeks ago in a newly established central laboratory of the Nessartsaddin-Werke in Darredein, Poland, by Dr. Kowsky and Engineer Frost. While experimenting with the constants of very short waves, carried on by means of quartz resonators, a piece of quartz which was used, suddenly showed a clearly altered appearance. It was easily seen that in the center of the crystal, especially when a constant temperature not exceeding ten degrees C. (50 degrees Fahrenheit) was maintained, milky cloudiness appeared which gradually developed to complete opacity. The experiments of Dr. Meissner, of the Telefunken Co., along similar lines, according to which quartz crystals, subjected to high frequency currents clearly showed air currents which led to the construction of a little motor based on this principle. A week of eager experimenting finally led Dr. Kowsky and Engineer Frost to the explanation of the phenomenon, and further experiments showed the unexpected possibilities for technical uses of the discovery.

Some statements must precede the explanation. It is known at least in part, that quartz and some other crystals of similar atomic nature, have the property when exposed to potential excitation in a definite direction, of stretching and contracting; and if one uses rapidly changing potentials, the crystals will change the electric waves into mechanical oscillations. This piczo cJcctric effect, shown in Rochelle salt crystals by which they may be made into sound-producing devices such as loud speakers, or reversely into microphones, also shows the results in this direction. This effect was clearly explained in August, 1925 Radio News and December, 1919 Electrical Experimenter. These oscillations are extremely small, but have nevertheless their technical use in a quartz crystal wave-meter and in maintaining

Fig. 1. The gravitation irul-lifier is shown in this illustration. The quartz crystal may be seen supporting a 55-pound weight. Dr. Kowsky is shown in a top coat because of the temperature at which the experiments were performed.

a constant wavelength in radio transmitters. By a special arrangement of the excitation of the crystal in various directions, it may be made to stretch or increase in length and gravity. Testing it on the balance showed that after connecting the crystal to the high tension current, the arm of the balance on which the crystal with the electrical connections rests, rose into the air. The illustration, Fig. 3, shows this experiment.

This pointed the way for further investigation and the-determination of how far the reduction of the specific gravity could be carried out. By the use of greater po.wer, finally to the extent of several kilowatts and longer exposure to the action, it was found eventually that from a little crystal, 5 by 2 by 1.5 millimeters, a non-transparent white body measuring about ten centimeters on the side resulted, or increased about 20 times in length on any side (see Fig. 4.) The transformed crystal was so light that it carried the whole apparatus with itself upwards, along with the weight of twenty-five kilograms (55 lbs.) suspended from it and floating free in the air. On exact measurement and calculation, which on account of the excellent apparatus in the Darredein 1 aborator y could be readily carried out, it was found that the specific gravity was reduced to a greater amount than the change in volume would indicate. Its weight had become practically negative.

There can be no doubt that a beginning has been made toward overcoming gravitation. It is to be noted, however, that the law of conservation of energy is absolutely unchanged. The energy employed in treating the crystal, appears as the counter effect of gravitation. Thus the riddle of gravitation is not fully solved as yet, and the progress of experiments will be followed further. It is, however, the first time that experimentation with gravitation, which hitherto has been beyond the pale of all such research, has become possible, and it seems as if there were a way discovered at last to explain the inter-relations of gravity with electric and magnetic forces, which connection. long sought for, has never been demonstrated. This report appears in a reliable German journal, "Radio Umschau."

Fig. 2. The schematic diagram of the experiment is shown in this illustration. The high frequency oscillator has been omitted for clearness.

Fig. 3. This shows how the quartz crystal lost weight when subjected to the high frequency current. The original crystal was balanced on the scale.

will not return to its original size. It seems as if a dispersal of electrons from a molecule resulted, which, as it is irreversible, changes the entire structure of the crystal, so that it cannot be restored to its former condition.

The stretching out, as we may term this strange property of the crystal, explains the impairment of its transparency. At the same time a change takes place in its specific

Fig. 4. This illustration shows the relative sizes of the crystal before and after the experiment. It is approximately twenty times its original length on any 3ide.

Don't fail to see our next issue regarding this ma7~velou8 invention.

Reprinted from the September, 1927 issue of Science and Invention.


Quartz Crystals Charged by High Frequency Cur»

Nullified rents Lose Their Weight

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