The push for new forms of propulsion methods has been intimately tied to new forms of energy generation. Most scientists and physicists recognize that in many cases a new form of propulsion often depends upon a new energy source that is converted into a propulsion source by electrical, mechanical, or thermodynamic means. The internal combustion engine is a good example. The chemical rocket is another example.

In fact, all propulsion methods follow this trend. Some are known to produce force without a readily apparent form of energy. Ion propulsion is an example. However, when we examine the application of ion passage through a magnetic field, we see that electric power is also available by the method of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). Proving the above argument, recently, the Japanese developed an MHD-powered boat. To summarize: EVERY PROPULSION SOURCE IS (OR ALSO QEEENDS ON) ANJEMERGY SOURCE, NO MATTER WHICH IS DISCOVERED FIRSL

Snertsal Propulsion

As an example of broader thinking on fields and forces, consider Mr. Robert Cook who has a forceful invention that works. Even though inventor Cook has not had any education beyond high school, he was able to think in cross-disciplinary terms. Looking at rotary systems in various machine shops while working, he wondered why centrifugal force couldn't be harnessed to do useful work. Further contemplation revealed the fact that the system resembled an electrical alternating current circuit. With that conclusion, he then wondered if it would be possible to "rectify" the alternating centrifugal force, by preventing some of the mass of a rotating body from making a full cycle.

Several years later and $100,000 poorer, he built the first "Cook Iner-tial Propulsion Engine" (CIP Engine). It was tested on ball bearings, on bicycle wheels, in a swimming pool, and on a perfectly flat and level granite table. His results may be seen in the Proceedings of the First ISONCET and on video. Due to its size and weight, it barely passed each test. However, he now has completed a second prototype that develops one pound (1 lb.) of thrust, powering a small boat. Among the 100 competing inertial propulsion patents listed in Cook's book, his is one of the simplest in principle. Ready for development, the CIP engine (pat. #4,238,968) method involves a variable, but even number of rotors, each of which are capable of producing a unidirectional force by keeping an exchangeable mass on one half of the rotation circle. The exchangeable develops centrifugal force during all of its motion but is restrained to only one half of a complete rotation by a unique method of oppositely spinning rotors. Cook describes the system as "reaction-less" since he believes that he has outwitted Newton and can prove it.

A 30-page parametric study performed by Professional Engineer and Consultant Richard J. Rose, who has M.l.T. credentials and thirty years of experience, reveals an equation for maximum impulse with minimum rotor speed (p.30). The report also contains an average force equation for each rotor bank, graphs for average thrust versus RPM, and an acceleration equation for CIP operation in outer space, air, water, or land. One of the engineer's summarizing remarks reads, "For applications where loads must be lifted (and/or transported), the thrust F curves on pages 11, 12, 17-19 can be used. In this case, the CIP engine is merely gimbaled into a vertical plane to produce lift" (p.30). This report is available in its entirety from Robert Cook upon request [26]. Mr. Cook's invention has been featured in many popular newspapers and journals in the past few years as well as radio and TV appearances [27].

According to Mr. Rose, the CIP engine represents the highest efficiency of any propulsion method today, even in its current undeveloped state. One significant point about the above invention is the fact that the CIP engine can improve its efficiency even further by simply choosing a good energy source. This is an example where a non-convention-al energy source is a logical adjunct to a propulsion source.

Inventors not mentioned in Mr. Cook's book include Bruce DePalma, who produced a propulsive force device using two force-precessed gyroscopes that are rigidly attached to the same housing. The results of Mr. DePalma's work was presented at the First ISONCET. Scott Stracken also demonstrated a similar gyro at the Third ISONCET which caused Dr. Aspden to start theorizing again [28]. Also worthy of note is Roy Thomson, an inventor also at the Third ISONCET who demonstrated an 8 lb. thrust.


An entirely different method of achieving propulsion is seen with John Searle's approach, whose unusual high voltage method for achieving propulsion is best described in a book entitled, Ether Technology [29]. It is well illustrated and also summarizes Mr. T. Townsend Brown's less effective electrostatic method for propulsion, also called "electrogravitics". It is worth noting that in the early 50's, electrogravitics was a classified government project, as proven by the text released recently by the Freedom of Information Act. Dr. Paul

LaViolette recently informed me that one copy still exists at the Library of Congress.

Kinetobaric Propulsion

During 1981, the author conducted an initial investigation into one of the most unusual non- conventional propulsion inventors of the First ISONCET mentioned above. An example of a first-class overseas inventor is Rudolph Zinsser of W. Germany. He has produced a very viable and demonstrable method for propulsion that is unequalled anywhere else in the world. Mr. Zinsser's invention relies upon his patented signal generator (Pat. #4,085,384) to effect a force in a specially-designed capacitor using a water dielectric. He has been able to produce several dynes of force with an apparatus only about 10 cc in volume. The unique property of Mr. Zinsser's invention is the storage capacity of the system that is irradiated with the patented impulse signal. The effect is most closely described as producing a "local gravitational anisotropy". During many private communications, Mr. Zinsser provided much stripchart data substantiating the constant force or thrust given to a target, lasting for several minutes after the signal was terminated. He has referred to this as a "kinetobaric" effect and works with Dr. Peschka from a nearby university who has developed a theory to explain the effect. The output has been measured at 6 Newton-sec per Watt-sec, or about 25 pounds of thrust for 100 Watts of electrical energy input. The potential for upscaling this invention is enormous. In 1981, the author was actively involved in securing funding sources for Mr. Zinsser's invention. Mr. Zinsser was a guest speaker at the First and Second ISONCETs. At this time it appears that Mr. Zinsser has found funding in West Germany for he continues to perfect his invention to this day.

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