Variable Reluctance Alterna

John Ecklin - Flux Switch Alternator U. S. Pat. No. 4,567,407

The patent number for the bottom of the previous page is 4,567,407 and it was granted on Jan. 28, 1986. Fig. 3A and 3B depicts how the magnetic fields are reversed in both AC output coils simultaneously. The preferred embodiment for Fig. 4 is to have no windings on the rotor (5). The rotor is then made up of steel laminations. This is what in the 1890's was called a flux switch alternator. It had no brushes in this century old technology.

Patent 4,567,407 combines this old technology with the newer electronically commutated motor controllers. Sensors determine the position of the rotor and increse the saturation of the stator from 80% to 98% to pull the rotor in faster than normal. This gives a motor action and since the saturation of the stator is increased the required power is automatically captured by the AC output coils. Fig. 1 demonstrates the principle. 19 is a 3/8ths inch diameter ball bearing on top of a Vi" diameter by thick ceramic button magnet resting on a horizontal steel surface 23. When the ball is pulled to the edge of the magnet and is released you will see a highly damped oscillatory motion. Turn the magnet over and you see the same thing. The ball is equivalent to either rotor pole and the magnet is equivalent to any stator pole. In other words the patent pulls the rotor to the stator and you no longer have to use input torque to force the rotor to the stator. This is how you skirt Lenz's Law compared to all of today's Faraday generators.

If you tie a very springly (high steel content) paper clip to a 6" thread you can actually see the source of the energy which is unpaired electron spin in iron atoms. With practice clip can lift ball from magnet in less than l/10th of a second and will hang there for 50 years and more. How can we store enough energy in the clip in l/10th second to keep the ball from falling for 50 years? We can't. The energy is already in the iron atoms of the crystal or clip. The magnet merely sets the direction of spin of most of the 4 unpaired electrons in most of the atoms in the clip. As long as the clip and ball stay together these electrons keep spinning in the same direction. If you ever separate the clip and ball you will have to use the magnet again before clip will lift ball.

Since all electrons in all atoms spin on their axis with the same angular momentum each one is an infinite source of energy. I call this God's perfect flywheel. Something about his atoms always keep the electrons spinning at the same rate. This patent is an over-unity device from the standpoint of torque but it is way, way under unity when we consider the energy in electron spin. This atomic energy as we do not change the atom eternally by splitting or joining atoms as in fission and fusion which are nuclear energy and very polluting.

b)Paul Brown, Bliss, Idaho (June, 1982)

Paul Brown, as an independent researcher, has accomplished some significant project work in the area of John Ecklin's original S.A.G. concept, by expanding on the basic principles involved in the functioning of the S.A.G.'s.

His Magnetic distributor Generator, which is also known as a Variable Reluctance Alternator, consists of utilizing both D.C. input coils and A.C. output coils wound on 90 degree crossed laminations. The iron laminations are in the form of an exact ninety degree cross-over so that exactly opposite North-South magnetic poles are established, as in normal two-pole D.C. motor design.

A split iron and aluminum rotor provides the alternating make and break magnetic circuits between the D.C. and A.C. iron laminations, and their corresponding D.C. and A.C. coils, respectively. When the matching arms of the rotor close the gap between the stator laminations, a magnetic flux flows through the closed circuit, which causes E.M.F. flow within one set of (A.C.) of coils, which are opposite to each other.

As the rotor is turned through ninety degrees, this magnetic gap opened and the magnetic flux and corresponding E.M.F. in the coil cease. Since the iron laminations with their D.C. coils are energized by a D.C. input, this D.C. input is converted (through basic transformer action) to an A.C. flow by the uniform making and breaking of the A.C. iron laminations and their associated A.C. coils.

The characteristics of the Variable Reluctance Alternator are as follows:

1)Voltage increase with an increase in R.P.M.

2)Voltage increases with the number of turns of wire on the output coil (per transformer theory). (The project work of R. Alexander teaches us that it is advantageous to increase the turns, and hence voltage, in the output coil. Section VI, (c).

3)Power increases with an increase in magnetic field strength. (A function of the wattage of the D.C. input E.M.F.)

4)When compared with conventional generators/alternators, there is no counter-torque on the rotor.

5)Very high efficiency, when compared with conventional generators. The recorded efficiency is: 125%.

For more information see Paul Brown's article titled — The Moray Device and Hubbard Coil were Nuclear Batteries on page 121.

Variable Reluctance Generator

Paul Brown's Project Work


Noie solid core in D.C. field coils.

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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