Special Design Considerations

Approximately 3,180 multifunctional roof and facade elements are the core of the solar power plant. With a total area of 10,000 square meters, most of the roof and the southwest facade is covered by photovoltaics, making this system the largest building-integrated PV power plant in the world. It produces approximately 750,000 kWh of electric power per year. This is enough to supply more than 200 private residences. About 200,000 kWh is used directly by the Academy building, and the remaining...

Brookes Eiffert An Economic Assessment Of Building Integrated Photovoltaics

Energy Active Facades. Solar Energy in Architecture and Urban Planning, Proceedings from the Third European Conference on Architecture, 17-21 May, Florence, Italy pp.239-241. Berdner, J. Whitaker, C. Wenger, H. Jennings, C. Kern, E. Russell, M. (1994). Siting, Installation and Performance Issues for Commercial Roof-Mounted PV Systems. IEEE First WCPEC, Dec. 5-9, Hawaii pp. 981-985. Carlisle, N. Taylor, P. Eiffert Crawley, A. Sprunt. (1997). Federal Efforts to Implement...

BIPV Product Development

Department of Energy's DOE's Photo-voltaics Building Opportunities in the United States PV BONUS program has brought together PV and building product manufacturers in a coordinated effort to develop PV roofing shingles, facade glazing, and curtain wall products for buildings and other structures. Today there is a recognizable commercialization trend toward standardizing BIPV construction products. In the long run, product standardization will be an essential...

Discovery Science Center

Discovery Science Center Solar

Scheduled Completion Date Architect amp Designer Structural Engineers Electrical Engineers Tradesmen Required Applicable Building Codes Applicable Electrical Codes PV Product Size Projected System Electrical Output Gross PV Surface Area PV Weight PV Cell Type PV Efficiency PV Module Manufacturer I nverter Number and Size Inverter Manufacturer and Model Interconnection Arquitectonica for the cube, Solar Design Associates for the PV system Advanced Structures, Inc. Solar Design Associates, Inc....

PV System Configuration

A one-line electrical schematic is given for the two photovoltaic systems. The photovoltaic modules are wired in series and parallel to meet the voltage and current input requirements of the power conditioning unit PCU . To simplify the wiring between the PV array and the PCU, combiners are installed near the array. The array combiners include reverse current protection, surge protection, and series string fusing, and they provide a convenient place for testing and troubleshooting the PV array....

Block diagram of a utilityinteractive PV system

More amorphous silicon modules will be required to generate the same amount of electric power produced by other silicon-based PV modules. Continuing research and development in thin-film silicon should increase its conversion efficiencies. An important architectural consideration is aethetics, and PV modules do differ in appearance. Single-crystalline PV modules are dense blue almost black , with a flat, uniform appearance. Polycrystalline modules are multicolored, having a variety of sparkling...

National Air and Space Museum

Homemade Solar Cells Made Easy

Date Completed Architect amp Designer Structural Engineers Electrical Engineers Tradesmen Required Applicable Building Codes Applicable Electric Codes PV Product Size Inverter Number and Size Inverter Manufacturer amp Model Interconnection Dulles Center, Washington, DC Smithsonian Institution Construction begun in 2000, scheduled for completion in 2003 HOK, Building Architects Kiss Cathcart Architects, PV System Designers Satish Shah, Speigel, Zamel, amp Shah, Inc. BOCA, Metropolitan Washington...

General Services Administration Williams Building

Date Completed Project Developers Electrical Engineer Solar Consultant Tradesmen Required Applicable Building Codes Applicable Electrical Codes Projected System Electrical Output Gross PV Surface Area PV Weight PV Cell Type PV Efficiency PV Module Manufacturer Inverter Number and Size Inverter Manufacturer Interconnection 408 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts U.S. General Services Administration September 30, 1999 Enron Energy Services and U.S. General Services Administration National...

Patrina Eiffert PhD

Eiffert is a project leader in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's NREL's Deployment Facilitation Center. NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy DOE national laboratory. As a Deputy Team Leader within NREL's Federal Energy Management Program FEMP team, Dr. Eiffert has had experience managing projects that assist in implementing renewable energy in the Federal sector. Primary activities range from conducting economic feasibility analysis and design studies through assessment and...

Fresa

This is a first-order screening tool to identify potentially cost-effective applications of renewable energy technology on a building and facility level. FRESA Federal Renewable Energy Screening Assistant is useful for determining which renewable energy applications require further investigation. Technologies represented include active solar heating, active solar cooling, solar hot water, daylighting with windows, daylighting with skylights, photo-voltaics, solar thermal electric parabolic...

BIPV Products

Design Photovoltaic

These are the types of BIPV systems commercially available Facade systems The BIPV system is designed to act as an outer skin and weather barrier as part of the building envelope. An example is a BIPV system used for rainscreen overcladding. Glass BIPV products are typically used as facade systems. Atrium systems BIPV is a glass element that provides different degrees of shading and can be designed to enhance indoor thermal comfort as well as daylighting. Awning and Shading systems A variety of...

Presidio National Park Building

Date Completed Architect amp Designer Structural and Electrical Engineers Equity Builders Presidio National Park, Building 1016, San Francisco, California U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service May 1996 Tradesmen Required Applicable Building Codes Applicable Electric Codes PV Product Size California structural and seismic codes National Electric Code Roof-integrated, translucent glass-laminate skylight 1.25 kWp Projected System Electrical Output 716.4 kWh yr AC Gross PV Surface Area...