Wind power in Costa Rica

In Costa Rica a significant private-sector wind power industry has emerged (Martinot, 2002). Apparently, early project preparation activities, including institutional and technical feasibility studies, have engendered favourable perceptions and regulatory frameworks for wind (including 'iron-clad' power purchase agreements). Regulatory frameworks in Costa Rica, technology perceptions, and studies addressing non-technical issues have probably been more important than mitigation of perceptions of...

Developing financial solutions for offgrid RE businesses in developing countries

Financing Continuum

To initiate a new business activity, an off-grid RE entrepreneur needs various sources of capital and business-development support.15 The capital needs can also be shown along a finance continuum see Figure 8.3 starting upstream with the start-up investment the entrepreneur injects to plan and initiate the business shifting to bank loans as the business gets up and running so that it has operating capital to finance day-to-day operations and business growth finally, downstream, possibly some...

References and further reading

Asociaci n de Productores de Energ as Renovables APPA, Renewable Energy Producers' Association 2002 www.appa.es accessed January 2004 Babu, Y. D. and Michaelowa, A. 2003 'Removing Barriers for Renewable Energy CDM Projects in India and Building Capacity at the State Level', The Energy and Resources Institute TERI and Hamburgischen Welt-Wirtschaft-Archiv HWWA , Hamburg, September Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory Battelle PNL 1991 'Assessment of Available Windy Land Area and Wind Energy...