The Cambodian government established a National Energy Sector Development Policy in 1994. This policy sets a very broad, generic framework for the development of laws and practical policy regarding the country's energy sector. Consequently it is technology neutral and does not specify any particular design methodology.
This policy was drafted at a time when Cambodia had only just recently achieved peace and democratic rule. So one might assume this policy would focus on development at all costs through the supply of the cheapest power possible. However, the policy adopts a surprisingly holistic and long-term view. This is demonstrated by the following summary of the policy's intent:
• to provide an adequate supply of low-cost energy for homes throughout Cambodia;
• to ensure a reliable, secure electricity supply at prices which encourage investment in Cambodia and economic development;
• to encourage the exploration and development of environmentally and socially acceptable energy resources that are needed to supply all sectors of the Cambodian economy; and
• to encourage efficient use of energy and to minimize environmental effects resulting from energy supply and use.
Figure 11.4 Planned generation and transmission system
So the foundation of Cambodia's energy policy seems quite appropriate to support the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency opportunities. This provides a very useful starting point for the development of policies and initiatives for sustainable energy. However, this policy is certainly not sufficient in itself, as will soon become apparent from discussions in this chapter.
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