The three distinctive stages of renewable energy development

When looking at the historical development of renewable energy in India we can see three distinct stages:

1 In the first stage, from the late 1970s to the early 1980s, the thrust of the national effort in renewables was directed towards capacity building and R&D, largely in national laboratories and educational institutions.

2 The second stage, from the early 1980s to the end of that decade, witnessed a major expansion of activity with the emphasis on large-scale demonstration and subsidy-driven extension activities, mainly in the field of biogas, improved cooking stoves and solar energy.

3 In the third and current stage, beginning in the early 1990s, the emphasis has been more on the application of matured technologies for power generation, based on wind, small hydro, biogas, co-generation and other biomass systems, as well as for industrial applications of solar and other forms of energy. There is also a gradual shift from the subsidy-driven mode to commercially driven activity.

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