Conversion into final or useful energy

Within a supply chain available biomass can be processed and converted into the desired useful energy according to a great variety of methods and options /B-1/.

The easiest way is to burn lignocelluloses biomass directly within a furnace after mechanical preparation (such as chipping or pressing). However, for numerous other promising applications (such as fuel provision for car or truck engines or highly efficient power generation within a gas turbine) it is recommended or even required to first convert biomass into a liquid or gaseous secondary energy carrier. The actual conversion into final or useful energy is thus performed after one or several of the following biofuel properties have been specifically enhanced: energy density, handling, storage and transportation properties, environmental performance and energetic exploitation, potential to substitute fossil energy carriers, disposability of residues, by-products, and waste.

The available processes of converting organic matter into solid, liquid, or gaseous secondary energy carriers, performed prior to transformation into the desired final or useful energy, are generally divided into thermo-chemical, physical-chemical, and bio-chemical processes (Fig. B.1).

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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