Energy Balance GJhr

Heat In

Fuel (as fired) 782.5

Total 782.5 Heat Out

Net stream turbine output 180.1

Auxiliary turbine use 21.1

Condenser 360.3

Stack gas losses 199.5

Boiler radiation losses 2.0

Unaccounted carbon loss 7.8

Unaccounted boiler heat loss 11.7

Total 782.5

Performance Summary

Annual capacity factor, % 80%

Net KJ/kWh 15,650

Thermal Efficiency, % 23.0%

Material Balance (Mg/hr)

Mass In

Fuel (as received) 77.3

Ammonia 0.1

Combustion Air 321.4

Total 398.7 Mass Out

Fuel prep moisture losses 1.9

Fines 0.0

Ferrous metal 0.0

Bottom ash 0.3

Fly ash 1.0

Flue gas 396.3

Total 398.7

Figure 2. Material and energy balance for the 1997 base case.

Direct-Fired Combustion Wood-Fired Stoker Plant 60 MW (Net)

Boiler Efficiency 84.5%

Boiler Efficiency 84.5%

1.81 Mg/day Generator -146.7 C

330.6 C

1.81 Mg/day Generator -146.7 C

Gross MW 65.6

Net MW 60.0

330.6 C

Air Heater

Bottom Ash 2.5 Mg/day

1110.0 Mg/day

Fuel Prep


Moisture Loss -832.5 Mg/day Fines - 0 Mg/day Ferrous- 0 Mg/day

Net MW 60.0

Combustion Air 6553.8 Mg/day

CO SO2 NOx Part.

Combustion Air 6553.8 Mg/day

Emissions Mg/day

Flue Gas 7560.6

CO2 1716.0

CO SO2 NOx Part.

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

The solar Stirling engine is progressively becoming a viable alternative to solar panels for its higher efficiency. Stirling engines might be the best way to harvest the power provided by the sun. This is an easy-to-understand explanation of how Stirling engines work, the different types, and why they are more efficient than steam engines.

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