Tables

Chapter Page

2 Biomass

Gasification-based Biomass

Table 1. Emissions from a high-pressure, direct gasification system 2-11

Table 2. Performance and costs 2-13

Table 3. Resource requirements 2-18

Direct-fired Biomass

Table 1. Biomass power plant gaseous and particulate emissions 2-25

Table 2. Performance and costs 2-27

Table 3. Feedstock composition 2-26

Table 4. Resource requirements 2-32

Biomass Co-firing

Table 1. Previous, existing, or planned biomass co-firing applications 2-39

Table 2. Performance and cost indicators 2-41

Table 3. Gaseous, liquid, and solid effluents 2-48

Table 4. Resource requirements 2-49

3 Geothermal

Geothermal Hydrothermal

Table 1. Environmental impacts of geothermal flashed steam plant 3-10

Table 2. Performance and cost indicators for a geothermal high-temperature system ("flashed-steam" technology) 3-13

Table 3. Performance and cost indicators for a geothermal moderate-temperatue system ("binary" technology) 3-14

Table 4. Representative major technology improvement expected for for flashed-steam system 3-15

Table 5. Basic estimates of system characteristics 3-23

Table 6. Fixed assumption (constants, base year value) 3-24

Table 7. Formulas for intermediate values 3-24

Table 8. Final values of costs, and temporal pattern of outlays 3-25

Geothermal Hot Dry Rock

Table 1. Performance and cost indicators 3-36

Table 2. Resource requirements 3-44

4 Photovoltaics

Residential Photovoltaics

Table 1. Performance and cost indicators 4-9

Table 2. Projections of crystalline-silicon photovoltaic module sale and prices 4-12

Table 3. Resource requirements 4-14

Table 4. Projected silicon feedstock usage and cost for various crystalline-silicon photovoltaic technologies 4-15

Utility-Scale Flat-Plate Thin Film PV

Table 1. Performance and cost indicators 4-23

Table 2. The best thin film modules (1997) 4-26

Table 3. Summary of thin film direct manufacturing costs 4-28

Table 4. Resource requirements 4-30

Photovoltaic Concentrators

Table 1. Current concentrator technology development efforts 4-36

Table 2. Performance and cost indicators 4-38

Table 3. Resource requirements 4-41

5 Solar Thermal

Overview of Solar Thermal Power Technologies

Table 1. Characteristics of solar thermal electric power systems 5-3

Solar Power Tower

Table 1. Experimental power towers 5-8

Table 2. Comparison of solar-energy storage systems 5-13

Table 3. Performance cost indicators 5-17

Table 4. Resource requirements 5-22

Solar Parabolic Trough

Table 1. Characteristics of SEGS I through IX 5-27

Table 2. Solar collector characteristics 5-27

Table 3. Solar radiation performance adjustment 5-37

Table 4. Performance and cost indicators 5-38

Table 5. Resource requirements 5-42

Solar Dish Engine

Table 1. Performance and cost indicators 5-57

6 Wind

Overview of Wind Technologies

Table 1. Comparison of wind resource classes 6.3

Advanced Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines in Wind Farms

Table 1. Performance and cost indicators 6-12

Table 2. Projected composite technology path 6-11

Table 3. Comparison of current turbine performance with 1997 TC

composite turbine 6-18

Table 4. Windfarm loss assumptions (% of calculated gross energy) 6-19

Table 5. Comparison of current turbine costs with 1997 TC composite turbine estimate 6-20

Table 6. Performance improvement drivers 6-22

Table 7. Cost breakdown for 50 turbine windfarms (January 1997 $) 6-24

Table 8. Major wind turbine subsystem cost drivers 6-26

Table 9. Project size impact on cost 6-28

Table 10. Resource requirements 6-31

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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