The New Coal Fired Power Station in Germany

Given the European energy policies of increasing the share of CHP and renewable energy and decreasing CO2 emissions, a new large coal-fired power station is not the first thing to come to mind as an obvious solution. Nor will the import of hard coal create benefits to European energy security or the balance of payment. However, this is exactly the proposal that DONG has presented and is now promoting in North Germany. Such technology fits well into the existing organization of DONG, which...

Raising Choice Awareness

The first Choice Awareness thesis is based on the observation that the collective perception of no choice is often constructed when major societal decisions on energy planning are discussed. As previously discussed, such mechanisms involve both the elimination of technical alternatives representing radical technological change as well as institutional barriers to the implementation. At the structural power level, this will again influence the collective perception of choice. The theory argues...

Conclusions

The conclusions on the different analyses of large-scale integration of renewable energy presented in this chapter are drawn with regard to principles and methodologies as well as the practical implementation of renewable energy systems in Denmark and in other countries. As mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, the discipline of analyzing large-scale integration of renewable energy into existing systems must address the challenge of re-designing the systems based on the characteristics of...

Compose

On the other hand, they are typically better equipped for making detailed analyses of the business-economic operation and design of single stations. Consequently, in the groupings in Table 4.2, only detailed hour-by-hour simulation models at the regional national level can fulfill the requirements for energy system analyses of renewable energy systems in the large-scale and 100 percent renewable energy implementation phases. It should be emphasized, however, that the design of alternatives by...

Vj

Conclusion is that a 100 percent renewable energy supply based on domestic resources is physically possible and that the first step toward 2030 is feasible to Danish society. Both studies show that when reaching a high share of intermittent resources in combination with CHP and savings, the development of renewable energy strategies becomes a matter of introducing and adding flexible energy conversion and storage technologies and designing integrated energy system solutions. The first study...

The Danish Reference Energy System

The different analyses of large-scale integration of renewable energy presented in this chapter are all based on a projection of the future Danish energy supply by the year 2020. In 2001, at the request of the Danish Parliament, the Danish Energy Authority formed an expert group for the purpose of investigating and analyzing possible means and strategies for managing the problem of excess electricity production from CHP and RES (Danish Energy Authority 2001). According to the official Danish...

Slowdown in Onshore Wind Power

According to the theories in this book, one could also expect that existing organizations that relate to fossil fuel based production would perceive climate change problems as a less severe threat, which can be handled by use of technologies within the existing institutional framework. If renewable sources are to be implemented according to this perception, those renewable technologies that fit into the framework of these organizations will be preferred. As discussed in Chapter 2, one example...

Acknowledgments

First of all, I would like to thank all my colleagues at the Department of Development and Planning at Aalborg University. You have all contributed to the creation of an interdisciplinary environment in which new thoughts are welcome, and useful and fruitful comments are always made on the basis of a variety of different skills and competences. I have used this professional richness many times throughout my career. In particular, I would like to thank Frede Hvelplund for many years of excellent...

Official Economic Objectives for Thailand

The official social and economic objectives of developing Thai society were formulated by the Thai government in the 8th National Development Plan 1997 2001 NESDB 1996 . The National Energy Policy Office of Thailand NEPO was obliged to develop policies, management plans, and measures related to Thailand's energy sector in accordance with the National Economic and Social Development Plan and government policies, to be presented to the National Energy Policy Council. In other words, NEPO was...

Bibliography

Andersen, Anders N. and Lund, Henrik 2007 . New CHP Partnerships Offering Bal ancing of Fluctuating Renewable Electricity Productions. Journal of Cleaner Pro duction 15 3 288 293. Anders, Anders N., Lund, Henrik, and Pedersen, Nicolaj 1995 . Vurdering afbehovet for en h0jspandingsledning mellem Aalborg og Arhus. Sk0rping Himmerlands Energi og Milj0kontor. Andersen, Mikael Skou 2007 . Responsum angaende samfunds0konomiske analyser af vedvarende energi. Copenhagen Danish Society of Engineers....

Wasp

Makes a detailed hour-by-hour simulation or is based on aggregated annual calculations, possibly made by using duration curves or similar data. Another important difference is whether the model addresses the national or regional system level or the project or single station level. In Table 4.2, the models are grouped according to these essential differences. Not all models are designed in such a way that they fit perfectly into such groupings. Consequently, one model is located in two groups,...

The Los Angeles Community College District Case

Generator Diagram

This Section Courtesy of Guest Writer Woodrow W. Clark II This section describes the effort of the Los Angeles Community College District LACCD to implement a 100 percent renewable energy system for each of its college campuses. LACCD is the largest college system in the United States, with nine campuses serving over 180,000 students and two new satellite campuses. The map in Figure 6.1 shows the locations of the nine college campuses. All of the campuses are dependent on a central power grid....