The wind-power picture in Europe is rapidly growing. The 1995 projections on the expected wind capacity in 2000 have been met in 1997, in approximately one-half of the time. Figure 2-5 depicts the wind capacity installed in the European countries at the end of 1997. The total capacity installed was 4,694 MW. The new targets adopted by the European Wind Energy Association are 40,000 MW capacity by 2010 and 100,000 MW by 2020. These targets form part of a series of policy objectives agreed by the association in November

1997. Germany and Denmark lead Europe in the wind power. Both have achieved phenomenal growth through guaranteed tariff based on the domestic electricity prices. Germany has a 35-fold increase between 1990 and 1996. With 2,079 MW installed capacity, Germany is now the world leader. The former global leader, the U.S.A., has seen only a small increase during this period, from 1,500 MW in 1990 to approximately 2,000 MW in 1997.

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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