In this section the most important features (i.e. rotor aerodynamics, structural dynamics, generator description, wind field description, wave field description, and control design) of the aforementioned state-of-the-art wind turbine design codes are summarized by a short description. It should be noted that only features of upwind, horizontal-axis wind turbines are covered. Finally, these features are listed in two tables in order to enable the reader to get quick and comparative information.
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Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.