European Union

The Europeans have a concentrated effort on wind resource assessment beginning with the publication of the European Wind Atlas [12] in 1989. Part 1 provides an overall view of the wind resources. Part 2 provides information for determining the wind resource and the local siting of wind turbines. It provides descriptions and statistics for the 220 met stations in the countries of the European Community (EC) and includes methods for calculating the influence on the wind due to landscape features such as coastlines, forests, hills, and buildings. Part 3 explains the meteorological background and analysis for the European Wind Atlas, and includes the physical and statistical bases for the models. This wind map for the EC (Figure 4.3) shows high winds for northern United Kingdom and Denmark and across the northern coasts from Spain to Denmark. Also, wind maps are available for the thirteen countries. The wind power classes are somewhat different from those of the United States, and they also include different terrain (Table 4.2). Since then the EC has expanded and is now the European Union, and there are wind maps available for more countries.

TABLE 4.2

Wind Classes for Different Terrains, European Wind Atlas

Shelter Terrain Open Plain Sea Coast Open Sea Hills and Ridges

TABLE 4.2

Wind Classes for Different Terrains, European Wind Atlas

Shelter Terrain Open Plain Sea Coast Open Sea Hills and Ridges

Class

m/s

W/m2

m/s

W/m2

m/s

W/m2

m/s

W/m2

m/s

W/m2

5

>6.0

>250

>7.5

>500

>8.5

>700

>9.0

>800

>11.5

>1,800

4

5.0-6.0

150-250

6.5-7.5

300-500

7.0-8.5

400-700

8.0-9.0

600-800

10.0-11.5

1,200-1,800

3

4.5-5.0

100-150

5.5-6.5

200-300

6.0-7.0

250-400

7.0-8.0

400-600

8.5-10.0

700-1,200

2

3.5-4.5

50-100

4.5-5.5

100-200

5.0-6.0

150-250

5.5-7.0

200-400

7.0-8.5

400-700

1

<3.5

<50

<4.5

<100

<5.0

<150

<5.5

<200

<7.0

<400

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment