In 1925, an electrical engineer, John B Flowers, developed a proposal to test and implement Tesla s Wireless Power System. He drafted the entire scheme for the Wardenclyffe project and presented it to H. L. Curtis, physicist, and J. H. Dillinger, head of the Radio Laboratory at the Bureau of Standards in Washington, DC. In a carefully worded 10-page document, complete with schematic drawings of the earth imbued with Tesla standing waves Flowers unvelied a plan for operating cars and planes powered by wireless electricity (Sketch
A). The plan was declined even though the mechanical test in Sketch B actually worked. Below is a report on the test results of the mechanical model of Tesla's wireless system-"Using the concepts in Sketch B, a mechanical oscillator arm was fastened to the tied opening of a rubber balloon 20 inches in diameter. The oscillator arm was operated with an
electrical motor at 1750 RPM by means of an eccentric on the motor shaft. The balloon hung free in the air. The rubber surface of the balloon represented the earth's conducting surface and the air inside its insulating interior. The waves were propagated in the rubber surface at the rate of 51 feet per second, the frequency of transmission was 29 cycles per second and the wavelength was 21 inches. The mechanical oscillator was used in place of Tesla's electrical oscillator as it presents an almost perfect analogy. Standing or stationary waves of the rubber surface replace the electromagnetic waves of Tesla's system. By the test of this analog, the operation of Tesla's system can be forecast. When the oscillator arm was set in motion by operating the motor, there were three standing waves having six loops on the 'earth's surface' all having the same amplitude of vibration! When the finger was pushed against one or more loops, all the loops were reduced in amplitude in the same proportion showing the ability to obtain all the power out at on or more points! The waves extended completely around the 'world' and returned to the sending station.""
Toby Grotz reports in his article that, in the 1980's, about 1/3 of the generated electrical power in this country was lost in transmission. Today, a couple of decades later, we have shamefully doubled our dependence on foreign oil and also doubled our electrical transmission grid inefficiency. From 31 Quads generated, a full 2/3 is totally wasted in "conversion losses."12 (This is being repeated for emphasis.) No other energy production system of any kind in the world has so much wastefulness. Instead of trying to build 2 power plants per week (at 300 MW each) for the next 20 years (only to have a total of additional 6 trillion kWh available by 2020), as some U.S. government officials want to do, we simply need to eliminate the 7 trillion kWh of conversion losses in our present electricity generation modality. This book scientifically proves that Testa's wireless transmission of power will accomplish electrical distribution, better than centralized or even, dispersed generation.
Tesla discovered the evidence for charge clusters (as patented by Ken Shoulders and Hal Puthoff), the overunity effects of air arcs (as experimentally verified by Dr. Peter Graneau and George Hathaway), and the overunity effects of plasma glow discharge (as experimentally verified and patented by Dr. Paulo Correa).
Many believe it's time for Westinghouse, General Electric, and the J.P. Morgan Foundation to generously support a non-profit vehicle, such as a "Nikola Tesla Institute." to make amends for the billions that they reaped from Tesla's inventions. Several are considering a class action lawsuit, on behalf of Tesla's living descendants, to establish a trust fund. The reasons for legally attacking the profiteers of Tesla's inventive genius to fulfill Tesla's fondest dream of wireless transmission of power are the following. (This is a short list.)
1. General Electric. 1884: "Although Tesla had an antipathy toward the use of direct current motors, he worked to improve Edison's dynamos. He was sure he could increase the output, lower the cost, and decrease the maintenance. Edison replied, 'If you can do this, young man, it will be worth $50,000 to you.' This would mean the realization of a laboratory for Tesla and the means for a life of scientific exploration. This was what he had visioned as the meaning of America's golden promise. He set to work harder than ever, driving himself beyond his endurance, and as a result came up with the design of twenty-four different types of standard machines, short cores, and uniform patterns which were to replace the old ones. Edison was delighted with the results, but there was no $50,000 in Tesla's pay envelope and after some time, Tesla approached him for the money. It is said that Edison replied, "Tesla, you don't understand our American humor." Tesla didn't."13 Tesla himself states this incident more succinctly, "For nearly a year my regular hours were from 10:30 AM until 5 o'clock the next morning without a day's exception. Edison said to me: 'I have had many hard-working assistants but you take the cake.' During this period, I designed twenty-four different types of standard machines with short cores and of uniform pattern which replaced the old ones. The Manager had promised me fifty thousand dollars on the completion of this task but it turned out to be a practical joke. This gave me a painful shock and I resigned my position."14 The legal team will also detail all other legal nightmares caused by Edison, who continued to torture Tesla for years. Such examples include the court order to prevent Tesla from using GE light bulbs for
11 J. B. Flowers, July 16,1925, as quoted in Exotic Research Report, July, 1999, p. 48
12 "National Energy Security Post 9/11" U.S. Energy Association, June, 2002, p. 34
13 Hunt and Draper, Lightning in His Hand, The Life Story of Nikola Tesla, Omni, 1981, p.42
14 Nikola Tesla, My Inventions, The Autobiography of Nikola Tesla, Hart Brothers, 1982, p. 72
the Pan American Exhibition of 1901 in Buffalo, NY and the egregious lies about a 'debt-ridden company' spread by Edison to depress Westinghouse stock, not to mention the electrocution of dogs at state fairs by Edison to show the dangers of AC electricity. It is ultimately possible that Edison can be implicated in the burning of Tesla's Ny laboratory in March, 1895, while he was out of the city. The motivation for the crime was overwhelming: Edison (General Electric) lost the Columbian Exposition light bulb contract to Westinghouse in 1892 to the tune of $400,000. General Electric also lost the generator contract for the three initial 5,000 horsepower generators at Niagara Falls in 1893 and was forced to secure a license for the use of Tesla patents. Tesla (Westinghouse) completed the powerhouse in 1895 and residents of Niagara Falls turned on the lights in April. 1895. proving the superiority of AC electricity. A year later and 20 miles away, Buffalo, NY would be the first city in the world to have electric street lamps. Meanwhile, GE lawyers could only repeatedly file petty lawsuits to wear down Westinghouse, so that eventually, it was called, "The War of the Currents." The uneducated Edison led the groundless and unscrupulous battle by scaring the public with words like, "Just as certain as death, Westinghouse will kill a customer within six months after he puts in a system of any size. He has got a new thing and it will require a great deal of experimenting to get it working practically. It will never be free from danger."15
2. Westinghouse. 1888: Tesla was awarded patents on the AC system of motors and generators in May, 1888. "Within a few months, Westinghouse acquired the patented American rights and hired Tesla at a salary of $2,000 a month to work in Pittsburgh on the development of the polyphase system. Tesla's system for the transmission and distribution of alternating current, including the induction motor, was covered by 40 historic patents. His motor was the missing link for today's alternating current system of centralized electric generating stations capable of efficiently and economically distributing electricity over long distances. It is widely believed that Tesla received a million dollars for his patents and that Westinghouse was to pay Tesla $1 per horsepower for each AC motor produced. However, according to Westinghouse historical records, the contract specified that Tesla was to receive about $60,000 and earn $2.50 per horsepower for each motor produced. Four years after the contract was signed, it was rumored, the accrued royalties totaled approximately $12 million. Westinghouse was advised to get rid of the royalty contract when his form was in financial trouble and the fate of his company was at stake. So Westinghouse told Tesla he did not think he could honor the royalty clause...The 1897 annual report of Westinghouse shows that Tesla was paid $216,600 for outright purchase of the polyphase system patents."16 Over 110 years later, the amount of profit that Westinghouse has realized from Tesla's polyphase system has to be embarrassingly huge amount of money. Today, in comparison, pharmaceutical companies routinely ask Congress to extend the term of their patents beyond 20 years, just so they can "recover" more profit.
3. J. Pierpont Morgan. 1901: "It has been stated that Morgan simply gave Tesla $ 150,000 with no strings attached. Actually, there were plenty of strings attached. Morgan delayed his check for a few months. Finally it came with the stipulation that fifty-one percent of the patents relating to wireless telephony and telegraphy, not only those to
15John Shatlan, "Tesla: Scientific Superman who Aided Westinghouse Industry," Pittsburgh
Business Journal, July 19,1982 and the Tesla Journal, 1986, p. 60
16Ibid., p. 60 (Ed. note: the same facts are also found in O'Neill's biography, Prodigal Genius.)
be used is the present but the ones to be developed all were to be in Morgan's name. The $150,000 was well-secured... On March 1, 1901, Tesla sent to Morgan his contract, signing over the fifty-one percent interest in his patents and inventions and in any future ones relating to electric lighting and wireless telegraphy or telephony... Morgan's $150,000 was woefully inadequate when Tesla considered all that must be done, but it was a start. He secured a tract of land on Long Island, about sixty miles from New York City, though an arrangement with James S. Warden. Tesla had pictured to Warden a glowing and convincing real estate boom in that site, employing several thousand people who would build their homes on the adjacent land. Warden cooperated to the extent of offering two hundred acres of land for the use of the scientist, twenty acres already cleared and with a well one hundred feet deep. By July 23, 1901, work had started on the project with the roads cleared and the right of way in order. Thus, within a little less than five months after the contract with Morgan was signed, work was started on Tesla's giant project."17 The rest of the horror story is history, as only the tower frame was erected in the next year. No more money was forthcoming for the project that Morgan initiated, even when the equipment cost alone cost about $200,000. Morgan believed that he would "have nothing to sell except antennas (and refused) to contribute to that charity."18 Tesla tried and tried for years until in 1917 the U.S. government blew up the abandoned Wardenclyffe tower because suspected German spies were seen "lurking" around it. With Edison as his willing ally, Morgan even publicly discredited Tesla's name, so that all of the five school textbook publishers of the time removed any reference to him. Any wonder why even today, 100 years later, hardly anyone knows who Tesla is?
Upon reading the rest of this book, all of us who contributed to this book know that the engineers and physicists of the 21st century will come to appreciate the benefits of the tremendously efficient (about 95%) wireless transmission of power. In terms of today's systems theory, Tesla understood that it is vital to "increase human energy" in order to maximize the quality of life worldwide.19 (See Puharich article for a detailed analysis of this Tesla theme.) In terms of economic theory, many countries will benefit from this service. At first, receiving stations will be needed. Just like television and radio, only an energy receiver is required, which may eventually be built into appliances, so no power cord will be necessary! Just think, monthly electric utility bills will be optional, like "cable TV."
Tesla was an electrical genius who revolutionized our world in a way that DC power could never have accomplished, since the resistance of any transmission lines, (except perhaps, superconductive ones), is prohibitive for direct current. He deserved much better treatment from all three of the tycoons described above, than to spend the last 40 years of his life in abject poverty. However, he was too much of a gentleman to hold a grudge. Instead, regarding the magnifying transmitter, Tesla wrote in his autobiography, "I am unwilling to accord to some small-minded and jealous individuals the satisfaction of having thwarted my efforts. These men are to me nothing more than microbes of a nasty disease. My project was retarded by laws of nature. The world was not prepared for it. It was too far ahead of time. But the same laws will prevail in the end and make it a triumphal success."20
17 Hunt and Draper, p. 136
18 H.W. Jones, "Nikola Tesla, Generator of Social Change," Proc. of Inter. Tesla Sym.,'86, p. 1-89
19 Nikola Tesla "The Problem of Increasing Human Energy" The Century Illustrated Monthly
Magazine June 1900, p. A-109-A-152
20 Nikola Tesla, My Inventions, p. 91
This book is being published in time for the Wurdenclyffe Tower Centennial. (1903-2003) which to many, signifies an extraordinary cause to remember and resurrect. Let us fulfill this prophesy of Tesla, making it a triumphal success, by supporting a philanthropic, international wireless power station to benefit the whole world. The scientists who contributed to this anthology are available to make such a global wonder a reality. The benefits, immediately alleviating electric power shortages everywhere, are too numerous to count. (For example, in Tesla's homeland, the Electric Power Company of Serbia will raise their monthly rates by 50% on the day this book goes to the publisher.) Are you willing to help make a world of difference?
(Editorial comments are inserted in many of the following contributed articles. They represent my scientific viewpoints, which may help other researchers. You can recognize these additions by the familiar ending: "- Ed. note.")
http://www.catesianinc.com/products/cpcviewax/install/ or at last resort, send $3 to the USPTO, Box 9, Washington, DC 20231 with the patent number. - Ed. note
Thomas Valone can be reached through Integrity Research Institute, a nonprofit, 501(c)3 corporation, located at 1220 L St. NW, Suite 100-232, Washington, DC 20005, www.IntegrityResearchInstitute.org and [email protected]
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It seems like the efforts to find the best alternative energy sources are seriously being looked into by lots of countries including most US cities. One proof is the signing of the Kyoto Treaty. The main aim of the concerned group and individuals is to lessen the greenhouse gases and pollutants.